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I have designed an h-bridge to run a TEC element. The circuit outputs

  • output current is 4A
  • output voltage is 4V
  • Runs on PWM with frequency 5kHz
  • Load resistance is 75Ω

I wanted to linearize the output from the h-bridge before feeding it to the load, so I am trying to design a LC filter.

I am confused on two points:

  1. What values to select for L & C?
  2. Where to connect the negative leg of capacitor? (Should i ground it or connect it to the lower pin on h-bridge circuit?)

I had selected inductor of 560uH and 4.7uF capacitor after alot of reading on the internet, but it didnt help at all. Also the inductor had a resistance of .65Ω, wouldn't that effect my output as well?

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1 Answer 1

For a H bridge I'd design the inductor and capacitor like this: -

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

I've put approximate values in for L and C and these have a resonant frequency about 1591 Hz. Regards the resonant frequency, you need it to be significantly below 5kHz or you'll run into resonance issues and burn your circuit. They are low pass filters but, they are also series resonant and can act like a short at 1591 Hz hence, they are significantly lower than 5kHz. Lower still would be better and maybe you can go for two 1 millihenry inductors.

Your values of 560uH and 4.7uF are a little too close to the 5kHz limit and you would see a lot of PWM ripple on the load. Ideally, if this was a switch mode power supply I'd be looking for an LC resonant frequency of lower than 500 Hz i.e. ten times lower than your PWM frequency.

F\$_C = \dfrac{1}{2\pi\sqrt{LC}}\$

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