I'm designing a readout circuit for a photodiode consisting of a transimpedance amplifier. I've noticed that the photodiode has a relatively large capacitance (320 pF). Are there any tricks/adjustments I would need to compensate for this capacitance (in terms of speed and noise)?
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Yes, there are many things beyond the textbook transimpedance amplifier configuration.
For example, you can use a cascoded transimpedance amplifier and bootstrap it to reduce the effect of the PD capacitance. Dr. Phil Hobbs is an expert in this subject, and I would recommend his book on Electro-optical Systems. Here's an article on the subject that is freely downloadable, and below is a schematic for such a PD front end. The BFG25 acts as part of the cascode, and the MPSA18 provides the bootstrapping.
This is by no means the final word on PD front ends, but the major ideas are present. When the FB resistor has to be very high value (G ohms), another set of tricks comes into play.
You say the photodiode current is going into a transimpedance amplifier. That means ideally the voltage accross the diode isn't going to change, only the current thru it. The capacitance accross the diode (whether built into the diode or external) therefore doesn't matter. Since the voltage accross the diode doesn't change, there won't be any current thru the capacitor.
This is in fact the main reason to use a transimpedance amplifier. The input signal is current, not voltage. The voltage can therefore usually be held pretty constant, mitigating the effects of capacitance that would otherwise form a low pass filter with the impedance of the source.