# reading voltage using TI's MSP430 FF22x4

I am trying to measure a power device's voltage using TI's MSP430. The voltage source is connected to A1 (i.e. P4) and ground (i.e. P1) on the target board.

Here is the relevant code:

ADC10CTL1 = INCH_1 + CONSEQ_0; //A1, single measurement
__bis_SR_register(CPUOFF + GIE);        // LPM0 with interrupts enabled
incomingVoltage[0] = ((uint8_t *)&ADC10MEM)[0]; //this is Least-significant-byte
incomingVoltage[1] = ((uint8_t *)&ADC10MEM)[1]; //this is most-significant-byte


I am having following problems:

1. I am printing the ADC10MEM contents on the AP, and I see that the leading 6 bits of ADC10MEM are all 1, instead of 0. I am unable to get the reason for the same.

2. If I consider only the last 10 bits of ADC10MEM, I can see that the value increases and decreases with rise and fall in voltage, but if I obtain Vin using the formula:

N = 1023 * ((Vin - VR- ) / (VR+ - VR-)), I do not get the correct value. (VR+ = 1.5V, VR- = 0V, as batteries power the target board) N: the value in ADC10MEM, in decimal

I am unable to find where I am going wrong. Do I have to enable the pin for analog input (ADC10AE0 |= 0x02), and set direction (P4DIR &= 0x00) as well?

Thanks!

EDIT 1: Vin Values: These are the ADC10MEM values I am getting, considering last 10 bits. Following calculations use Vr+ = 1.5, Vr- = 0. For input voltage 0.38V, N=1100000010 i.e. 770, and Vin=1.12. For input voltage 0.5V, N=1101010110 i.e. 854, and Vin=1.25. For input voltage 1V, N=1110101001 i.e. 937, and Vin = 1.37. For input voltage 1.45V, N=1111011000 i.e. 984, and Vin = 1.44. As I said, the value is increasing/decreasing with increase/decrease in input, but it isn't correct.

EDIT 2: Interrupts: I am modifying the sample temperature sensor code. I see

__bis_SR_register(LPM3_bits+GIE);  // LPM3 with interrupts enabled


at the start of while(1) loop in linkTo()/main_ED.c, and there's

 __bis_SR_register(CPUOFF + GIE);        // LPM0 with interrupts enabled


after 'sampling and conversion start' and before 'read results'

EDIT 3: Code based on msp430x22x4_adc_10_02.c from TI's code samples

ADC10CTL1 = INCH_1 + CONSEQ_0;
P4DIR |= 0x00;


I am getting similar values even with this code.

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What is the value of $V_{IN}$ you are trying to measure? –  MikeJ-UK Apr 13 '11 at 15:27
what is FF22x4? –  markrages Apr 13 '11 at 15:32
do you mean 430f22x4? you should not refer to pin numbers on a part with multiple pinouts. –  markrages Apr 13 '11 at 15:32
are you sure there are no other interrupts enabled? –  markrages Apr 13 '11 at 15:39
These are the ADC10MEM values I am getting, considering last 10 bits. Following calculations use Vr+ = 1.5, Vr- = 0. For input voltage 0.38V, N=1100000010 i.e. 770, and Vin=1.12. For input voltage 0.5V, N=1101010110 i.e. 854, and Vin=1.25. For input voltage 1V, N=1110101001 i.e. 937, and Vin = 1.37. For input voltage 1.45V, N=1111011000 i.e. 984, and Vin = 1.44. As I said, the value is increasing/decreasing with increase/decrease in input, but it isn't correct. –  Chaitanya Apr 13 '11 at 15:40

This is the code that worked:

ADC10CTL1 = INCH_1 + CONSEQ_0;