I am a newcomer in this wonderful world of electronics trying to design my own PLC.
So far I have designed a single output stage that I think will work, but it would be great if i could have any of you experts confirm my thoughts and calculations..
I have selected the following components (mostly based on lowest cost at RS components):
The shift register can source 6 mA and the IR LED in the optocoupler have a forward voltage of 1.2 V. R1 should then be (5-1.2)/0.006 = 633R (680R)
The collector-emitter voltage of the optocoupler is 0.1 V when fully saturated, the LED has a voltage drop of 1.2 V. To drive the LED at 20 mA, R2 should be (12-0.1-1.2)/0.02 = 535R (560R)
When no current is driven through the IR LED in the optocoupler, the gate of the MOSFET will be pulled high by R2. When the output is enabled the gate will be pulled to 1.3 V which would bring Vgs to -10.7 V and thus turn the MOSFET fully on.
- Are my calculations/assumptions correct?
- How do I know whether the transistor output of the optocoupler is saturated or not?
- Do I need any other components in order to protect the output stage?