Components are the most basic elements in an electronic circuit. Characteristic is that they're in a single package. There are passive and active components, from as simple as a zero -ohm resistor to as complex as a multi-billion transistor IC.

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Additional current source for large LED-7-segment-display

I have two sets of LED-7-segs. Each with 4 Digits, all 4 inch tall. One set CC, the other CA. Combined they consume some smooth 1.68A / 1.4A according to the data sheets. That is manifold the ...
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42 views

Modify MEMORY component to more sensibly Load/Store value?

I have created the following electrical circuit using Logisim: My ALU takes in 2 8-bit values and performs the operation set forth by the [Op Setter]. In particular, when the [Op] code is [100], ...
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3answers
136 views

What is this component that is found in lots of phones?

I was taking apart an old phone (an old LG GM360). It was always a terrible phone. Anyway, I found one of these inside when I was tearing it down: I have also found some of these in the back of my ...
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62 views

Participation of DC component in total average power of signal

My task is to calculate participation (in percent) of DC component in total average power of signal from photo: I represented this signal as complex Fourier series: ...
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78 views

What determines the maximum rotational speed of a hard disk drive?

Through my background research I understand that the limit on the rotation of a hdd is largely the product of heat and the specs of the physical disk, but I am puzzled by the round numbers advertised ...
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282 views

Electronic component for tapping

I'm in need of electronic component that is able to be tapping, giving a type of massage on the skin. I did some search and can't find anything that is as big as the tip of the finger with the nail. ...
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68 views

What is this SB component on schematics

Is the SB19 component a "jumper" (0-Ohm resistor)? On the board itself, some of these are placed, and some aren't, leading me to believe that's what they are. There aren't any 0's on them, though. ...
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47 views

Building a first State Machine circuit - Technical Help

I just learned how to synthesize a diagram of a finite state machine into a diagram of a logical circuit composed of D flip flops, a clock and logical gates. However, I don't really have much ...
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82 views

What is this component in series with my water heater's thermocouple?

The other day we had our water heater go out and the issue was diagnosed to a faulty thermocouple. When the repair man removed the faulty thermocouple he noticed the following disk-like component in ...
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59 views

CadSoft Eagle polygon won't reach pads in Molex library

I'm using the Molex 5569 library in CadSoft Eagle. When I create a polygon, it won't reach the pads at all. The problem occurs only with components from this library. Have a look at this screenshot ...
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51 views

Where to find a discrete transmission gate

I have a project where I need to switch analog signals. Ideally, I would like to just use a few transmission gates to do this, but I cannot find anyone who sells or produces them! I've checked ...
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369 views

Why are MAX-, AD-, LT- parts (among others) so expensive?

I'm curious why some IC manufacturers like Maxim, Analog Devices, and Linear Tech's parts are so expensive? I know they are much higher quality (better electrical characteristics, etc), but for some ...
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314 views

How can one organize SMT parts prior to/during PCB assembly?

Suppose one is hand-assembling a board with many SMT components. Unlike THT, SMT components are often not labeled. This means that having two different kinds of parts "out" at the same time is a ...
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600 views

Why should one buy through digikey or element14? [closed]

I quite often find that digikey or element14 have quite expensive pricing for the parts, right now I'm looking for memory chips and compare it to ebay sellsers: ...
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57 views

PCB/SoC component licensing restrictions

Let's say I plan on building a consumer electronic system (some electronic product). This system would have a PCB and a plethora of various components: LEDs, transistors, resistors, light sensors, ...
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4answers
82 views

How important is “mm pitch” for a capacitor? [closed]

I want to repair my boiler, so I found this howto. He writes I need a MKP X2, 26.5 x 10 x 19 mm, 0.47 µF 275 V/AC ±10%, 22.5 mm pitch. The closet one I can find ...
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105 views

Selecting digital componentry in bulk [closed]

There are a ton of electronics retailers and suppliers on the internet, all selling components at (essentially) retail prices. But when big companies need to use digital components (batteries, ...
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83 views

Drum machine circuit diagram

I'm having trouble understanding this circuit. Can someone help me get through it? I'm trying to understand what the signal is doing from start to end but keep running into electrical deadlocks.
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92 views

What are quartz crystal oscillators?

I'm a beginner in electronics and I found two quartz crystal oscillators, each one has two pins. Their numbers are: sjc4.000a ee4.000 Is it possible to know the ...
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165 views

What is the component in bluetooth module

Last month, I bought a bluetooth audio module on eBay. And I wonder what components are on this PCB. In the picture, what is the component in the top red box? What is the component in the bottom red ...
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380 views

Identifying a 3-Terminal Component (probably some sort of magnetic device?)

I am trying to identify this component from a circa 70s AM/FM radio. It was attached to a flip clock, which makes me think that it is a magnetic device responsible for the "flipping" action of the ...
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1answer
81 views

Identifying this 6-pin power connector

I'm looking for a manufacture ID for this 6-pin SMD power connector. Anything will help, even a category to dig through on mouser/digikey/fanell. 2 Vcc 2 gnd 2 temp sensor
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67 views

Will the 595 shift register burn out if outputs are always high?

I'm working with a SainSmart 8-Channel Relay Module and I'm powering it via a 595 shift register via raspberry pi. The issue I'm having is that these sain boards activate the relay when the input is ...
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54 views

Center-tap Primary Coil Transformer

What is the function and possible applications of a center-tap primary coil transformer?
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57 views

FM Transmitter Amplifier — Maximum output power with non-customized parts?

I would like to build an FM transmitter on my own and I found a nice circuit that acts as a USB sound card to transmit low power FM signals. http://tipok.org.ua/node/35 My plan is to add another ...
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56 views

What does EMSE mean?

I'm currently trying to use EAGLE software and I'm trying to import a part called 'LT3022' which is a voltage regulator from Linear Technology. I've found a CAD library of LT products from element14 ...
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104 views

Components Expiration date

Do electronic components have an expiration date? How long does it take to components to go bad if we store them at room (normal) temperature and humidity? What components go bad sooner? (resistor, ...
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42 views

Need some help learning to make my own parts in Eagle

I am extremely new to using Eagle (or creating circuits in general). I've been searching around online for tutorials on making your own parts in eagle. However, I still have a few questions and I was ...
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87 views

How do you choose a diode for a 5v to 3.3v clamping circuit

I have a logic input that is 3.3v and I want to be able to allow it to interface with either 3.3v or 5v input signals w/o worrying about it being damaged. I would like to use a resistor with a ...
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147 views

Identifying this resistor/capacitor

I'm having trouble to identify this (presumably broken) part for replacement: It was used in a broken LED power supply, with 220-240 V AC on the input and 120-200V DC on the output. I suspect this ...
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68 views

Breadboard minimum lead length

What's the minimum lead length for a component in order to reliably connect with solderless breadboard contacts? Reading specs on cables, relays LEDs, and other components, what should I take as the ...
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1answer
161 views

Female-female connector, but what is it called?

Question What is the "official" name for this type of connector? (the large black box in the image) More info... I need the connection to connect two PCBs together as one was missing from a system ...
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5answers
879 views

Is it possible to make a complete analogy between electricity and something more graspable? (e.g. fluids)

A similar question has been asked here, but mine is more general. Here is the background: it seems to me that electricity is not so intuitive as it may sound. For example, many (unskilled, as I am) ...
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19 views

How do I specify a parameter for a specific component in LTSpice?

I have a schematic which uses two center-tapped transformers. I found that I can specify the ratio between the two sides of the transformer by adding the directive ".param ratioT=0.3". Now that I ...
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113 views

Where can I find a transistor similar to a 2n 3904?

I have what I believe is a 2N 3904 638 transistor. It measures 50MΩ at around 70°F. How can I find a data sheet on this? How would I go about finding a similar / replacement thermistor? PS: ...
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110 views

Export restrictions when sourcing parts for PCB assembly in foreign country

If a company has a PCB design and wishes to assemble them economically, a natural choice is China. Some Chinese companies are asking for the parts (or some of them) to be shipped to them. This means ...
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103 views

Is there some kind of jumper for banana plugs?

I have a three-phase cable harness (low voltage) for connecting to a motor. I have it connectorized so I can easily plug/unplug the motor. I would like to insert a short inline cable so I can measure ...
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93 views

Component usage in this constant-current source circuit

In the April 2014 edition of Elektor magazine, they present a circuit for a high-precision current source device (page 42). It allows the user to select a constant-current between 10nA and 20mA. They ...
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73 views

FM tuner/receiver chip with RDS and good audio quality?

I want to rebuild from scratch an old radio and put some modern technology in it. I want to put large (17x5cm) LCD instead of analog scale inside receiver like this: (image from audiofilek.pl) ...
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1answer
106 views

CX-20 Quadcopter Part

One of the ESC's on my quadcopter is missing a component. I am unsure what this component does or where to find a new part. Is it a sort of resistor?? What size? it features no markings that I can ...
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2k views

Why is there copper on the side of this package?

I'm searching around digi-key when I noticed one of the MEMS oscillators has these copper pieces on the edge of the package: I'm not talking about the pads, I'm just talking about those little ...
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54 views

Does “open source hardware” only apply to controllers or to all components?

I'm new to the hardware world and am coming from a software background, and am trying to build a small device to attach to my PC via USB. I've heard the term "open source hardware" in reference to ...
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140 views

Most lumens per watt

I recently started designing a pcb for flashing lights I want to use in a pavillon at festivals, garden parties and the like. Now my question is, can anyone tell me which kind of LED that has the ...
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2answers
144 views

Why do TI (Texas Instruments) graphing calculators not use TI chips? [closed]

Most semiconductor manufacturers seem particular about using their own products when possible. For example, the Analog Devices Blackfin development board uses another Blackfin processor for the JTAG ...
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3answers
573 views

What is this AC source?

Below is a part of a schematic and I would like to understand each part of it. What I think is happening: This is being fed a 48V AC source These leads are a source and a ground? I'm not sure ...
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87 views

What all do I need to salvage parts from gaming devices (not for profit) [closed]

I have a few projects I want to get started on (not for patent: only for me) I wanted to know what types of tools I need to get some components and other salvageable parts from things like a PS2 ...
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1answer
47 views

For two clocked components in series, how do you ensure that the output of the first is captured by the second?

I'm working through the open Nand to Tetris course offered by Nissan and Schoken. I've just finished chapter 5, where we construct a 16-bit computer using a hardware description language and an ...
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178 views

Suggestions for Ternary Computer Parts

I am thinking of creating a ternary computer from scratch, mostly as a hobby project, are there any parts out there that I could use? Or would I have to create them from scratch? If so, what would be ...
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86 views

What are these components in these circuits?

I have seen a documentary about making BGM-71 TOW (an anti-tank missile - the Iranians make it). You can see it in this link (part 1). I have seen two odd components. In your opinion, what are these ...
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2k views

Are more expensive parts worth it?

The prices of components of supposedly the same type and with the same parameters vary strongly between manufacturers. Assuming my use does not come close to the absolute maximum ratings, is it worth ...