A system that may be electronic circuits or even software that uses control theory (principally differential equations) to control an output by monitoring various aspects of the system under control and varying inputs all towards meeting a defined goal. Some famous examples are controlling a ...

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32 views

Powering circuit with alternative and/or concurrent power sources

I have one of these led projectors which is normally powered by the embedded motion sensor. I want to be able to power it manually by a switch button. I need to do this in both alternative and ...
-1
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0answers
20 views

Is there experimental kits for semi-active suspension systems(quarter car)? [on hold]

My graduation thesis is about controlling a semi-active suspension system. I modeled it and theoretical part is done. Now I need to test it on a real system. Where can I begin to build them? Is there ...
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0answers
30 views

How to implement a multiple controller system?

I want to make a system that switches between multiple controllers depending on a parameter 'x' in the system. Eg. If there is no noise use a pid controller. If there is noise use a resonant ...
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1answer
40 views

Desired response of PI controller in motor vector controller

In vector control (field-oriented control) of motors (specifically induction motors), a rotating reference frame is attached to the rotor flux to give "DC" values in the current controller. This ...
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0answers
39 views

Finding transfer function of this signal flow graph using Mason's Rule

In the following signal flow graph, how do you find the transfer function Vload(s)/Idist(s) using Mason's rule? The solutions manual says it would be the same transfer function as if you were finding ...
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4answers
159 views

Why is the frequency complex

When we take the Laplace transform of a function, why is the frequency (s) complex? I can not understand the significance of complex frequency. Please help or give some references.
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1answer
119 views

Need suggestions on control system engineering [closed]

I am sophomore studying control systems and the problems given in the books( like Norman Nise ) look too easy. Please suggest some good book with really good problems.
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2answers
73 views

How do I hold a signal high from one high pulse?

Assuming I send a signal wirelessly to a receiver connected to a fan. if the receiver detects that a pulse is there, it switches on the fan. the fan should stay on until it detects another high pulse, ...
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2answers
161 views

How to calculate Kp, Kd and Ki?

The motor operates within 140 rev/min to 600 rev/min. The controller gives an output in the range 4 to 20 mA. The sensor output reading equivalent to 400 rev/min, actual reading was 404 rev/min. The ...
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1answer
55 views

Relationship between switching frequency and controller's crossover frequency in buck SMPS

Context: tuning the control loop of a buck SMPS. I specicifally have a TI TPS40200-based circuit in mind, but I think this applies to SMPS design in general. Quoting from Type 2 compensation network: ...
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2answers
280 views

Cascading PID DC Motor Position & Velocity Controllers

I'm trying to build a robot with a differential drive powered by two DC motors. First I implemented a PID Controller to control the velocity of each motor independently. Estimated the TF using the ...
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1answer
117 views

SMPS : Average Current Control Vs Peak Current Control

Please correct my understanding. I understand that in peak current control mode, the slow outer voltage control loop generates a current command to the faster inner current loop. This current command ...
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2answers
53 views

Model and Control of a Physical System [closed]

Suppose i have a physical system (set of interacting elements ) that i want to control. Best thing we can do to understand this physical system and hence control it, is to model it. We ...
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5answers
170 views

Kinds of Feedback

"Feedback is a process in which information about the past or the present influences the same phenomenon in the present or future" I find the idea of feedback quite fascinating and i could ...
1
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2answers
144 views

Time domain and Frequency domain

what is the difference between time domain and frequency domain components? How do these domains differ from each other?
5
votes
5answers
466 views

Control theory basics

I'm trying to understand something very basic about Control Theory. Let's say I have the following loop: If we'll relate this loop to a cart with a motor going in its single axis from X = 0 to X = ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

When the Gain Margin is negative, for what range of frequencies is will the output resonate out of control?

If your system/transfer function has greater than zero gain for the frequency associated with -180 degrees phase, the system is said to be unstable. What does this mean for other input frequencies? ...
4
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1answer
114 views

Practical Limit of Feedback Control Systems WRT Bandwidth

In a digital feedback control system, I'm interested in the practical limit of what the correctable bandwidth is. For example, given a very simple system: A sensor can sample a simple X position ...
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1answer
68 views

Digital Control Engineering book recommendations [closed]

What are good books on digital control engineering specifically? I'm a third year electrical/computer engineering student who will be doing a course on digital control next semester, but would like to ...
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3answers
82 views

Step response to feedback loop with disturbance

When using step response to a feedback loop with disturbance. Why do we analyze the step response of the disturbance D and the step response of the input R separately. Instead of considering them ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Nyquist VS Nichols plot

Which is the most commonly used: Nyquist or Nichols plot? Do they have their own particular use or is it just a matter of preference?
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0answers
39 views

Detect unathorized access in RFID security system

I have a question about RFID security system and tags when implemented in traffic monitoring system. The scenario is a 1) Reader and a 2) barricade which is some 2 meters ahead of reader. Now how do ...
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2answers
44 views

Is there any correlation between eigen functions and eigen vectors of an LTI system?

Eigen functions are the origin for Laplace transform while eigen vectors is for state space representation.Can we relate the eigen concept in these two? The complex exponential functions, are eigen ...
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2answers
53 views

Controlling LEDs with multiple controllers [closed]

I have three black boxes each controlling an LED output. Each black box takes an input voltage and provides an output voltage (ranging from 0-12V) to illuminate the LED. Is it possible to alternate ...
1
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1answer
179 views

Switched Mode Power Supply : Voltage Mode Control and Error Amplifier Output

I am trying to understand how regulation happens on Cycle-Cycle basis in the case of Voltage Mode Control (VMC) and Current Mode Control (CMC). I understand that in the case of VMC, an error ...
1
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1answer
88 views

transfer function and error gain function

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I know the difference between those two functions , but i want to see the relation between them , i think that the error gain ...
0
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1answer
175 views

PID gains from the transfer function of a plant

I am trying to calculate gains ( Kp, Ki, Kd ) of a PID controller. I have to improve the response of a plant. I already have the Transfer function of the plant. I was wondering if matlab has some ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Does the use of PID controller require knowledge of plant's Transfer Function

As simple as that. I assume that you use PID when you do not know the Transfer Function of the system, otherwise you use it and plug it directly in the closed-loop control.
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2answers
102 views

Overshoot control

Suppose I have the following step response: $$y_{step}(t)=\frac{kP}{1+kP}(1-e^{\frac{-t}{\tau}})$$ where k is constant and P is the plant. How may I determine the values of k for which there would be ...
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1answer
48 views

Can you implement a control algorithm and send the inputs via xbee?

I know this question is little bit vague, but let's say that I have a robot or a quadrotor to control. I want to implement the control algorithm (PID, robust, or LQR) in the PC not in the robot/quad, ...
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1answer
248 views

Astrom-Hagglund Relay PID tuning - relay transfer function?

I'm implementing a PID temperature controller on a PLC. To cut down on installation time (this design may be reused many times), I want to have the PID parameters tuned automatically rather than ...
3
votes
5answers
149 views

System response types

Whenever I am given a system type with a certain transfer function, I am always asked to proceed to find out the 1. impulse response and 2. step response of the system. My question is, what is so ...
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2answers
99 views

Control and transfer functions

I would like to determine the following transfer functions: $$T_1=\frac{y^\wedge}{d^\wedge}$$ $$T_2=\frac{y^\wedge}{r^\wedge}$$ $$T_3=\frac{e^\wedge}{d^\wedge}$$ $$T_4=\frac{e^\wedge}{r^\wedge}$$ In ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Interfacing Matlab with a NI real time target (cRIO 9073)

I currently have a control system implemented in Matlab that controls a vehicle. The tracking is performed using an overhead camera, and commands are sent to the vehicle via xbee. I have now added a ...
2
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1answer
199 views

Proportional controller

Sirs, I am not able to understand why Proportional controller introduces offset.Please consider follwing paragraph I found on internet, credit to ** http://blog.opticontrols.com/archives/344 **, ...
2
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1answer
102 views

When is a programmable logical controller the best choice? [duplicate]

I am studying PLCs as a part of my Elements of Industrial Automation class. Trouble is, I can't imagine why would anyone use such a thing. For complex tasks, microcontrollers are available. The vast ...
3
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2answers
134 views

Pole-zero cancellation Paradox

Suppose we have an open-loop transfer function $$G(s) = \frac{1}{s(s+a)(s+b)}$$ If we plot the root locus for the closed-loop system we will get roughly something like this : Now the question is ...
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3answers
101 views

How can we find transfer function of this n/w

How can we find the transfer function $$\frac{E_0(s)}{E_1(s)}$$ of this RC network simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab
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0answers
108 views

PD control (PID without I) - Homework help

I've been given a system - x" = bx′ + kx + ru and I've been asked to rewrite it in the canonical form x' = AX + BU. I've got -- ...
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0answers
66 views

What is remnant in control engineering?

Is the term of "remnant" still being used in modern control theory? If yes, what is different between remnant spectrum and output spectrum?
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1answer
60 views

Linearity and time invariance

If the input of an unknown system is shown by: \$x(t)= u(t)-u(t-1)\$ which results in the following output: \$y(t)=u(t)-u(t-3/2)\$ then what can be said about the linearity and time invariance of ...
2
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1answer
151 views

Derive transfer function from block diagram

I have this block diagram which I already reduced pretty much: Now I want to derive the transfer function from phi_o1 to q. ...
2
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1answer
255 views

Difference between online PID and offline PID tuning?

I've been reading about PID control on the internet lately (Wikipedia). I came across the words 'online' and 'offline' in PID tuning. I googled it but couldn't find anything. What does this mean in ...
1
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1answer
59 views

how to make a system respond to IR laser? [closed]

Lets say i have 2 separate systems called Box A and Box B. Box A has an IR laser beam attached to it. What equipment can i use to make Box A make a certain action ONLY when the IR laser attached to ...
0
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0answers
77 views

How to deal with unstable pole?

I'm trying to use PD control to keep an inverted pendulum centered, by attractive electromagnets mounted as a radial magnetic bearing. The control is cascaded into an inner current control loop and an ...
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0answers
34 views

How to use rank 1 covariance matrix for designing a kalman filter

I was trying to estimate the covariance matrix of the measurement noise of a (simulated) MIMO system. Turns out. In matlab cov(data) gives me a rank 1 matrix. I checked it. And I noticed that all ...
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1answer
113 views

Affine Non Autonomous State Space system

Normally We all know the state space model of the the form der(x) = F*x(t)+G*u(t) y = H*x(t)+J*u(t). However I came across a state space model which has the following form der(x) = F*x(t)+G*u(t) + ...
3
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2answers
585 views

Open loop vs closed loop in control theory

I have two questions: Why we study stability in open loop rather than closed loop (which is the system that will be implemented). and is there a relation between response time in closed loop & ...
4
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3answers
114 views

Control System - Changing damping on-the-fly?

I'm trying to implement a PID algorithm on a microcontroller that controls an actuator with a hard physical limit. In MATLAB, there's no consequence to large overshoots/hitting saturation at high ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Is SSB (Single Sideband) linear, why? [closed]

How to derive it? I have been confused about this for a long time.