Simply the ratio of output signal to input signal, this dimensionless quantity is a measure of the amplification of a signal which may be represented by voltage, current of may even have a digital representation. A very general concept sometimes used to describe attenuation (when gain

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2
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3answers
61 views

gain, bandwidth and GBWP of current to voltage converter with op-amp

It might be a silly question since I am new to circuits and have little knowledge about it. I've learned that gain of a current to voltage convertor with op-amp is determined by feedback resistor ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Hi-Fi Stereo Amplifier gain regulation with potentiometer

This is my first question ever so please don't kill me :) I have built a stereo hi-fi (end) amplifier 2x10W based on a IC TDA2009. I have bought it as a construction (learning) kit ready to solder. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Measuring gains on 2 channel amplifier

Let's say I had an input stereo signal and two black boxes that were each going to amplify a channel on a stereo speaker signal. Given that part of the two signals are similar but they are not the ...
0
votes
3answers
75 views

Transistor saturation

I am trying to saturate a transistor , a BC547 A , but I am having a hard time figuring out something.What hFE should I use to compute the base and collector current to make it turn on fully? Here is ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Small signal analysis of MOSFET. Calculating Gain

I can do DC analysis and draw the small signal equivalent circuit just fine. I generally have trouble calculating gain. I'm having trouble understanding the answer to this question. This is the ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Audio Amp-Calculate Current gain of a Push-Pull BJT Pair (and remove Beta Dependence)

I was designing an audio amp for a final project for an electronics course. We were given a very vague set of requirements and told almost nothing about our input signals or desired output minus ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Conversion Gain in Mixers

What does conversion gain mean in the context of mixers (unbalanced, single balanced and double-balanced)? And how do you calculate it?
2
votes
4answers
109 views

JFET in place of digipot for gain control?

I'm hoping to build a sound sensor using this schematic (http://cdn.sparkfun.com/datasheets/Sensors/Sound/sound-detector.pdf) To programmatically adjust the gain, I could use a digipot. My (naive) ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Derivation of current gain and voltage gain for common base BJT

For a common base configuration BJT such as the one shown here: How can I derive the voltage gain and current gain?
0
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2answers
52 views

Finding the gain with a photodiode

How would I go about finding the gain of this circuit? Here's a link to the datasheet. Using our test apparatus to create a PWM on the diode, I get 1.16V out of pin 1. I can provide more information ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

How to use a single supply with an opamp to create a DC amplifier

I have a single positive power supply, and I want to amplify a DC input signal. All sources I have seen decouple the input voltage with a capacitor because the input voltage is biased at VCC/2, ...
0
votes
4answers
82 views

Is the hfe of a transistor dependent on the resistance on the other parts of the circuit?

I have a circuit using a NPN transistor with a motor before it and a pwm into the base. The motors draws a current of 600mA if I plug it directly into the power source, just under the maximum allowed ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How do I tell if my amplifier is voltage-to-voltage, voltage-to-current, etc

I have an amplifier, which is essentially an amplifier and a motor driver in one (link to data sheet), and I'm having an embarrasingly hard time trying to figure out what/how much it is amplifying. I ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Understanding an op-amp LC tank circuit?

This is a circuit diagram for an op-amp LC tank circuit. I understand that the LC Tank circuit will decay unless some selective outside current is added, thus the op-amp. I'm simply having an ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

The Gain reduce due to the input, Why?

I'm working with ICL7650S(online datasheet). Today, when I was working with the Op-Amp, I came across to an odd thing. this is my circuit: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

How to operate Op-Amp[OP07CP] with 0-5v supply?

I don't know why I cannot operate Op-Amps! this is my second circuit and I'm trying to make a non-inverting amplifier by an OP07CP. This is my circuit + an example of measured values: simulate ...
0
votes
0answers
141 views

variable gain amplifier for ACS712 current sensor

My project requires measuring current ranging from 30mA to 500mA. Im using ACS712 (5A)current sensor for this purpose. Since the sensitivity of the sensor is typ:185mV/A, measuring current as low as ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Why Doesn't This Op Amp Preamp Circuit Amplify?

I have the following circuit as part of a class D amplifier: simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I couldn't get the amplitude of Vsig to display, it is ~.447Vp, to ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Differential gain of amplifier with current mirror

Consider this pdf document, pages 58-59-60. It is a differential amplifier with a current mirror as active load. According to that document, if I take the unbalanced output in the right-hand branch ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Amplifying Signals to a Certain Voltage

Say I have some high frequency low signals and I want to amplify them to peak at +/-9V or something. Yet the chosen Fully Differential Opamp is only powered at 5V. So even if the Opamp were to go to ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Equivalent impedance calculations from “both sides”

A circuit I have been working with lately consists of a binary counter being fed into an Op-Amp DAC, shown below. One of the major issues with this design is that the input impedance of the DAC will ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Do we ever need to use multimeter's transistor current gain measurement feature?

Many cheap multimeter have this feature that they can measure the hfe of a NPN or PNP transistor. Does anyone ever need to use it? I mean, when we design something using discrete transistors, we look ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Determining DC gain of single supply op-amp (no AC component)

I'm building a homebrew PIC programmer, and want to support devices with varying Vpp voltages, so I'm using the DAC output of a PIC16F1825. But the PIC is supplied with a +5V Vdd, so that's the ...
1
vote
2answers
209 views

Why hFE(DC gain) shown on multimeter isn't equal to the datasheed hFE?

I have a tip122 and discovered my multimeter uses Vce=2,8V DC and Ib=10uA for its hFE test. When I insert the transistor on the terminals for hFE test, the gain on the multimeter alternates between 1 ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

How to calculate the gain for a load cell to be used with instrumentation amp?

I was hoping someone can give me a step by step process for calculating the gain of my load cell.Here is the datasheet to it LoadCell datasheet. I also plan on using the INA125p instrumentation ...
1
vote
3answers
160 views

Audio amplifier limiting output power

What I have: A transformer rated at 150VA / 30V (center tapped) / 5A Speaker rated at 30W / 8 ohms (measured 6.3 ohms with my multimeter) Will use class AB amplifier: LM4780 ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Multiple active filtering or single active filtering

I am using an op amp(Inverting configuration) to get a gain(V) ranging from 20 to 160 using a multiplexer to choose a different R2 value. R1 is a 1K pot which is set to .5K and the MUX has 8*10K ...
1
vote
4answers
429 views

What is the typical error of a voltage follower opamp

I am trying to identify design elements that might have error from unit to unit. In the design I am looking at, there is a voltage follower configuration for an opamp (in this case, an LM2014), which ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Calculating the gain and phase shift of a phase shifting circuit

I want to calculate the gain and the phase shift of the phase shifting circuit below. My approach is to derive equations to different meshes using Kirchoff's law, and then calculate the ratio between ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

op-amp gain is less than 1

i am trying to make an op amp circuit with 0.1 gain. i have make the circuit using UA741. the problem is that no matter what i do the gain for the circuit does not go below 1. If you need any extra ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Microphone preamplifier doesn't give expected gain

I was designing a microphone pre-amplifier circuit for Wireless Noise Monitoring application. I used an electret microphone AOM-5244L-R-53724 (datasheet: ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Detect incidence angle with an antenna array

Having an antenna array, how can we determine incidence angle of an incoming signal. I know it is related to the phase of the signal in each antenna but I only found information about how to send a ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Calculating the actual ECG Voltage from ADC values in the SHIELD-EKG-EMG by Olimex

I'm using this shield with my arduino to acquire ECG signals https://www.olimex.com/Products/Duino/Shields/SHIELD-EKG-EMG/. I am able to get the waveform in a processing software. Now my problem is ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Preamplifier active volume and balance control

Hello everyone here is a pre-amplifier with active gain and balance controls, now its a derivation of the above circuit but with added resistors for balance control too. Would do formula for the new ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

How to control op amp gain with atmega 32 MCU?

I am attempting to control the gain of an amplifier circuit I am building programmatically. I am using the atmega 32 MCU to control an LCD screen and take input from some buttons. Basically, I would ...
0
votes
3answers
303 views

Can someone explain this gain & offset op-amp circuit?

I'm having trouble understanding the circuit in the photo below. I know that it's a gain and offset amp designed to convert 0-2.5 V range to +/-10 V range (hence it has a gain of 8 and an offset of ...
4
votes
3answers
566 views

Expressing Gain in Decibels?

1) Why does power gain use a coefficient of 10 unlike the other two? 2) Why can't power gain be negative?
-1
votes
1answer
171 views

Non-inverting amp Gain

I am making a differential amp with a non-inverting amp with a gain of 4.9 with the use of an AD822 which is a dual rail-to-rail op amp. My input signal on the diff amp is on the range of 2.5V to ...
1
vote
1answer
228 views

How to Calculate maximum distance between transmitter and receiver in wireless communication

how to calculate maximum distance between transmitter and receiver in free space radio communication by having transmitted power, antenna gain and noise-to-signal ratio ?
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Load cell Sensitivity

Is there a way that I could exactly know what is the value of the sensitivity of a load cell(mV/V)? The only characteristic I know is its full capacity which is 200kg and written on the sticker. I ...
1
vote
2answers
546 views

Op Amp's Negative Power Supply to Ground

I am using a standard 741 Op Amp from TI. For me to amplify any signal, I am required to set +Vs = 15 Volts and -Vs = -15 Volts. I am now concerned as to what will happen if I connect -Vs to 0 ...
0
votes
2answers
143 views

IR Led & Phototransistor pair bandwidth issue

I'm trying to sense IR wave with a phototransistor circuit. The circuit operates well under DC operations (I mean 3.3V through inputs). However, if a square wave is supplied from UART input, after ...
0
votes
3answers
157 views
3
votes
3answers
486 views

Amplifier design with three stages

As a project for my electronics 101 class, I've been assigned to design a three stage amplifier using bjt transistor to achieve a gain of 150 and input resistance of 100k and output resistance of 50 ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

A closed form for calculating shaping gain

As we know, in a communication system, we can divide the overall gain into coding gain and shaping gain, but I have not seen any closed form formula for calculating shaping gain, but the definition ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Amplifier gain too HIGH?

I have this circuit : Two common base amplifiers for amplifying frequency in FM range (88 to 108 Mhz). The Problem is, as seen in the figure, I am getting an output of 1.5 V for an input of 10 uV. ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Is possible to use wave guide to decrease beam width?

If I use a normal 1/4 monopole antenna "30 MHz for example" and cover it with metallic wave guide has a narrow beam width, should the gain increasing according to this formula below? $$G = 10 \; log ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Is possible to get very narrow beamwidth antenna?

Is possible to make 60 dBi sector or patch antenna by make its beam width 0.17°/0.17° only ? how to calculate ideal dimensions against frequency at this range of beam width ?
0
votes
3answers
146 views

Calculating gain of multiple antenna system

Some radars have thousands of antennas, there are also some routers that have multiple antenna systems. But I want to know how to calculate total gain of multiple antennas in a system? Is it simply ...
0
votes
1answer
187 views

Just I want to understand gain, power, link budget

I am a beginner, I am confused about calculating the nessecary gain and power and sensitvity to overcome path loss at certain distances. the first thing what does gain mean ? I am not talkink ...