Thermal energy; where it comes from, and how to keep it from damaging components

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1answer
48 views

Heat dissipation

I have a computer power supply and I'm wanting to make it a variable voltage power supply but I have to have a load on it which requires some resistance. I have connected a 10 ohm 10 watt at 10% ...
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1answer
77 views

What could it mean when a chip will only work right when its hot? [closed]

My screen started dieing like a year ago. Initially, I noticed that when turned on when cold, all I got was snow on the screen. It would quickly go away though as I restarted the screen a few seconds ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Safely Driving a Brushless Motor

I am currently building a quad-copter out of an Arduino. I decided to make my own ESCs using MOSFETs, EMF sensors, and the Arduino. These are the motors that will be driven: ...
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5answers
92 views

How greatly can heat increase resistance?

A conductor has a resistance of 0.001 Ohms, at room temperature, by increasing the heat x100 degrees Celsius how greatly would that effect the conductor's resistance? I'm trying to find the ...
2
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1answer
92 views

What is a typical light bulb screw temperature? Is it safe to put a microcontroller there?

I'm working on a small engineering project that involves putting a microcontroller inside a screw of a light bulb and I need to find what are the typical heat outputs of 60W bulbs and strong (like ...
0
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2answers
47 views

Max temperature of PTC heater, need tip

I have some difficulty reading specifications for PTC heaters, more specifically the ones on here. I understand that a PTC heater does not, inherently, rise above a specific temperature. In the ...
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2answers
93 views

Heat output element

I'm building a little quiz game in Arduino and I already have it displaying a multiple choice question and people can answer by pressing pushbuttons. But anyways now I wanted to know if it's possible ...
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2answers
150 views

Will an electric heater coil stop drawing power when the surrounding temp is the same as the coil's temp?

I am trying to figure out if I can melt Aluminum cans using a heater coil from a toaster oven. I've already used q=mc∆T and q=m*(Latent heat of fusion) to figure out how much energy is required to ...
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3answers
62 views

Miniature heater with more-or-less constant temperature. Need tip on element

I'm a software engineer with very basic knowledge of electronics. I have a project in which I want to make a small (cylinder of length about 100-150mm and diameter 20-30mm), localized heater that ...
0
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1answer
52 views

How is the heat lost in a peltier distributed?

I'm looking at peltier elements to heat my project. I seem to find that most are about 5% efficient, but how is the 95% turned into heat distributed? Does the cold side get 47.5% and the warm side ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Help compare my results to the maximum power transfer theorem and explain using algorithms

So below is an image of the relationship between efficiency of a circuit and the resistance of the load, as you can see the maximum efficiency occurs when the two resistances are equal. here is a ...
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8answers
1k views

How to check that blast furnace is full?

I'm working on blast furnace oven, I need to check if it's full with materials in levels one , two and three as shown :- The main problems: It's very hot as you see in the picture (200°C to ...
0
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3answers
83 views

Is there a difference in heat produced on a conductor between AC and DC at the same amperage and voltage?

Is there a difference in amount of heat produced on a conductor between AC and DC at the same amperage and voltage? For example if you ran 50A at 480V through a conductor would the heat produced be ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Heating coil over-drawing current

I am currently designing a circuit that includes a nichrome coil used as a heating element. The wall adapter is 25V 5A DC, which leads to different buck converters that takes it down to the ...
3
votes
6answers
867 views

Why is electric heating so expensive? [closed]

The loss of electricity in transmission and distribution is only 6%, so why is it that electric heating is so inefficient? I would imagine that the generators at power plants are far more efficient ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Could I create Peltier cooling module from iron and copper?

I want to create a tiny, easy to maintain one-purpose distilation unit. It's supposed to distilate expensive tetrachlorethylene to clean it from whatever is dissolved in it. There are millions of ...
0
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4answers
128 views

Controlling a 1000W radiant heating element with dimmers

First I would like to mention that I am a stranger to electrical components and I come from a mechanical engineering background so please keep that in mind when answering my question. I am trying to ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Creating Heat with Resistors

I am trying to create a cheap and small heating element capable of reaching temperatures of at least 260 degrees C. I am considering using a resistor. Is there such thing as a cheap resistor capable ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

MOSFET package with lower thermal resistance than D2PAK

As far as PCB surface mount MOSFET packages go, does D2PAK generally have the lowest thermal (junction to ambient) resistance? Are there other packages with lower \$R_{jc}\$? This question is based ...
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0answers
55 views

Inducing Eddy current in wet clothes

Is it possible to induce eddy current in wet clothes and dry them using the resistance heat generated? I don't want to connect any wires to the clothes.
1
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1answer
42 views

Thermoelectric couple heating on both sides [duplicate]

In college my physics professor showed us a thermoelectric couple powering a fan. He also explained how if you apply a current it cools one side and heats the other side. I have been working on a ...
0
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0answers
70 views

Simplest way to detect body heat

I need to detect how hot/cold a person is with a sensor (or multiple sensors) in close contact. I've looked at temperature sensors such as 18B20 and TMP36 but I'm not sure how to detect if a person ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Flyback NE555N driver and mosfet overheat

I have built a small and very simple flyback SMPS based on NE555N IC. The circuit exactly I did built from is shown below: It works nicely for small loads. However I have some issues with it: ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Something better than an H-bridge to drive motor?

Is there something better than an H-bridge to drive two motors using the ATmega8 with a 7V power supply? My teacher said the H-bridge overheats and is bad. Is there a better solution? For instance: ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Can Lithium Ion Batteries be used to generate heat for a RC Hot Air Balloon? Any particular heat-generating device?

First the background: OK - this is a personal project that I've always been interested in trying but never got around to it - a remote controlled hot air balloon. Sadly I am not technically-inclined ...
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1answer
113 views

L293D overheating

I have an old RC car. I removed all electronic from it, just left the plastic and the DC motors. It has 2 DC motors(1 for moving, 1 for left/right). I decided to attach arduino to it, while ...
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3answers
296 views

IC - Case temperature vs Operating tempaerture

When datasheets lists(MAX9744) that the normal operating temp are b/w -40 c to 85 c but the case temp should not be up above 165 c what are they suggesting. How come an IC work if its case temp gets ...
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1answer
92 views

Difference between infrared heating tube coatings?

I'm converting a toaster oven to a SMD reflow oven and have found the thermal momentum of the resistive elements to be a problem (standard dark-grey type). So I've been searching online for some ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Average heat generated on thin circular plate in harmonic magnetic field

I have problem with this equation, I have final equation, but I don't know steps, how you get this equation. There are the eddy currents in thin circular copper plate thickness h and radius a, in a ...
1
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1answer
310 views

Why is my N-channel MOSFET getting very hot and the power it provides to device increases with temperature?

I have a fairly simple situation: N-Channel MOSFET with base connected to Raspberry Pi's 3.3V source connected to ground and Drain connected this way: +12V ----> Vacuum Cleaner (60W) -----> Drain. Guy ...
5
votes
2answers
847 views

How do I tell what gauge wire I need?

I've been working on providing power for high current applications for my project. I'm working on a project with high current (or at least compared to what I'm used to...) What a lot of people point ...
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6answers
181 views

Why is pin protection needed?

I have read this article about protecting input pins. One thing is still unclear to me — why is the protection needed at all with such a high resistance on the input pin inside of the ...
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votes
2answers
97 views

Fast thermal ramp up/ power efficiency [closed]

I want to build a controlled temperature well in an alumminum block, and right now I am in doub as to what heating method choose. I am mostly torn between a high power resistor such as this or ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is there risks or limitations to install driver board under a pinball playfield?

I'm currently designing the electronic for a pinball. I would like to reduce the usual cable mess under the playfield. I'm thinking of creating small driver card that handle small amounts of switch, ...
0
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2answers
295 views

Arduino overheating with 5V addressable LED strip

I've got one of those 1-meter addressable RGB LED strips from Sparkfun (link) connected to an Arduino. The Arduino is powered by the recommended 9V DC 650mA power supply through the barrel jack. ...
1
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1answer
240 views

Designing a copper plate heat sink

I’m trying to see if a copper sheet I have with me (25 cm X 30 cm, 0.05 cm thick. There's a 6 cm X 6 cm square hole in the center to place a lamp.) is sufficient to keep 36 luxeon rebel LEDs (mounted ...
0
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4answers
174 views

sn75441 output supply current - heating

I am experiencing excessive heating problem with SN75441one. I know that I can use heat sink but I want to be sure that I am not doing sth wrong. I am using SN75441one to drive a bipolar stepper ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

LM324 comparator IC getting burnt

I am using LM324N as a comparator which has Reference voltage of 1.2V to +ve terminal. It requires supply voltage VCC=24V & VEE=Gnd.When input is 0V Vout=24 and when input= above reference voltage ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Which AWG for an RGB LED Stripe?

I've bought a RGBLED stripe with 300 SMD5050 RGBLEDs. These are rated at ~18mA on 5V each, so I have approximately 5.4A on the complete strip. I have to cut down the strip into several parts and have ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Heating and Chilling ICs instantly from 200C to 0C? Does it damage the silicon inside?

I soldered VCXO oscillator and suddenly tried to cool it down with a cooler spray. Do you think that sudden cooling and heating damages the chip. The heating and cooling were well within the spec ...
1
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1answer
300 views

How to create this copper coil to withstand much heat

Hopefully this is not as off topic as it might seem. Some background information: I've created the coil below to use as an induction heater from regular 230Vac household insulated wire. The coil is ...
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votes
2answers
150 views

Thermostat bypass wiring [closed]

I'm trying to bypass the heaters thermostat of my apartment and having only a small knowledge of electronics I would like to have a some help with it. Forgive me for the ugly paint schema but I ...
1
vote
2answers
232 views

Running a 230V heating element using 120V [closed]

Would a heating element that is rated at 3000W at 230V actually heat properly if the element was powered by 120V only? My hope is that it will just take longer to hear up, but worry is it can't get ...
0
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2answers
68 views

Power dissipation on chip vs. Over power dissipation

I was reading this pdf regarding computation from MIT's opencourseware and on p.8 through some obscure mathematical manipulation they basically reach the conclusion that the cooler you make your ...
9
votes
4answers
469 views

What exactly gets “worn out” and damaged by heat?

It's quite common knowledge that heat is bad for electronics. That constantly high temperature decreases the expected lifetime of computer parts even if they are not overheating per se. If, for ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Can I use lower gauge wire for short runs of longer high amp circuits?

This question is probably more of a "please explain whatever concept I'm missing." But I'll start with my specific question. I'm building an electric brewery and am using a 5500W 240V (23A) heating ...
3
votes
1answer
622 views

Design of a nichrome heating element - achieving predetermined power dissipation

I want to make a nichrome heating element with 1500 watts of heat being produced while running on 120v AC. This will be part of a air heater as a fan drives air over a circular coil of nichrome wire. ...
1
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1answer
201 views

joule heating - transmitting power at higher voltages reduces resistive loss?

electrical engineering hopeful here. Can someone explain with math how transmitting power at higher voltages reduces resistive loss? I know Joule's Law Power is proportional to (I^2)*R lets say ...
6
votes
2answers
273 views

Pick a heatsink for voltage regulator

I have to dissipate \$2W\$ from a voltage regulator. It's a 7805 in a TO-220 package. The datasheet is here. It's the first time I have to pick those so I would like to have a review of the following ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Circuit or component to detect temperature change

I know this is a very simple question but I didn't find the answer. I have very less knowledge in electrical. I want a component or a circuit or whatever, which I can attach to a heating coil so that ...