An integrated circuit (IC) is an electronic circuit built onto a single plate of a semiconductor material, normally silicon. Modern ICs may contain billions of transistors and they have played a major part in the miniaturization and performance improvements of modern electronic systems.

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can I charge Mobile battery using mobile charger directly?

I want to charge mobile battery of 3.7 v directly by connecting 2 terminals of charger(5 v output) to two terminals of battery. My questions are Is IT POSSIBLE? what must be voltage adjusted to ...
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1answer
31 views

How should this code look like in verilog?

I am designing an ALU to add at state 000, I have to assign control signals for a mux, carry in, and operands so that it works. so, i wrote an if statement in the controller module, and the TA told me ...
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0answers
49 views

What could this PLA be doing?

The picture below shows a PLA, I have done part (a) and found out that; F0 = A0 xor B0 F1 = A0B0 + (A0' + B0')(A1 xor B1) F2 = A0B0(A1 + B1) + A1B1 What may this circuit be doing, I can't see a ...
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27 views

Why are the charge and discharge rate of Lihium Polymer Batteries different?

I have a 3S 1.3MAH Lithium Polymer battery with a 25C discharge rate, and a 5C charge rate.From what i know, the discharge rate is the rate at which the battery can be safely ischarged( i.e how many ...
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2answers
112 views

what stops manufacturers from making hardware optimised game engines

Just like the mp3 and h264 have been made into a circuit, what is stopping graphics card manufacturers from building a game engine (the program that most often runs on a graphics card)into the ...
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60 views

IC for 4 Kbytes of RAM [closed]

Is there a Memory IC for 4Kbytes of RAM? I'm trying to make a schematic capture in Proteus and I need a Memory IC for 4Kbytes of RAM, I've searched throughout the library and I can't find one, tried ...
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31 views

Energy Monitor IC with built in Hall Sensor

I have looked at a couple of IC's which provide energy measurement(real power,apparent power), however these need to interfaced to a current transformer or a hall effect sensor since they cannot ...
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6answers
5k views

Why do microcontrollers have so little RAM?

Maybe this is more of a perceptional problem, but it seems like microcontrollers have advanced by leaps and bounds in the last 20 years, in almost all regards, higher clock speed, more peripherals, ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the name of the IC that runs a low-harmonic power supply?

I'm interested in building an AC/DC converter for low-harmonic applications. Single-phase AC input, followed by a rectifier and a PWM-controlled boost converter. I know there are ICs which are ...
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44 views

How do you store A or B in a RAM of a CPU datapath?

I have an assignment to make a CPU, but am confused with how f_left and f_right are going to be used. I think they are to store ...
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1answer
79 views

Microcontroller freezes (or doesn't) when plugged into different outlets in my home

I have an ARM development board (Marvell ARMADA XP CPU) and depending on which plug outlet I plug the system into, the system will freeze up after a few minutes or not. I found that plug outlets in ...
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33 views

Does any module exist with two separate PIR sensors?

I would like to use two separate sensors to detect a range of situations. subject from the right, subject from the left, from the middle (dual trigger), ignore one side, determine length of ...
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2answers
145 views

Where can I find common circuitry implementations of different computer system components?

Mostly out of interest, I'm trying to understand common circuit-level implementations of computer components. I understand that implementations may differ widely, but I'd like to see examples. It ...
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0answers
48 views

Capacitor node voltage problem

What might be the reason why the voltage on the other terminal of the auxiliary capacitor C7 and C8 connected with CKPb and CKP, respectively gets lower than its input? (i.e. input 1.7849V => output ...
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1answer
91 views

Suggestions for in-house PCB/FPC lab? [closed]

We are a hardware startup based out of Greece, looking for in-house PCB/FPC fabing solutions/equipment. LPKF's ProtoLaser U3/S look great but they cost $140K and $70K (if I'm not mistaken) ...
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148 views

Integrated LED + Resistor + Transistor

Most designers when are controlling an LED have to make the same old circuit of Vcc -> Resistor -> LED -> Transistor (you need the transistor in case your ...
2
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4answers
226 views

ICs Powering On With Random Values

I've been prototyping a circuit for a first year university engineering project and I've been running into some problems with one section of the circuit that has really stumped me. Basically the flip ...
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1answer
41 views

What is this part (label is 23LCVB I/P JWD 1336, 8-DIP package)?

I found this part in a box with random parts. Mostly they were voltage regulators, opamps and transistors (both BJT and FET). The closest match I found was this SPI SRAM, but the part number didn’t ...
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3answers
1k views

How are crossing lines implemented on microchips?

I always imagined the photolithographic microchip manufacturing to be a 2D layer creation process without layering, thus creating a topological problem for circuitry when you have some \$K_{3,3}\$ or ...
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1answer
34 views

Online resource for lithography/micro fabrication [closed]

I am looking for good compiled resources on microfabrication (photolithography, ion etch, etc) for making integrated circuits. Some background: I do some work in a cleanroom user facility making ...
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1answer
35 views

Circuit simulation problem dealing with transistor operation

Simulating the circuit below (PMOS charge pump; doubles the input supply), all the transistors are operating in cutoff region when I extracted the .dp0 file. What might this means? I'm using SYNOPSYS ...
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1answer
57 views

Controlling high rating DC motor

In a robot, I need to use a (24 volts 5-7 amp) DC motor, which should be controlled by a microcontroller. Now, will I get a motor driver IC for such a motor? If not, what kind of circuit will help? I ...
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1answer
55 views

NAND gate LVS problems in Cadence Virtuoso

I don't know why my layout won't pass LVS. I am constructing a NAND gate, and it looks like I have all connections in the schematic and layout fine, but I can't get it to say success. What could be ...
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1answer
79 views

Sequential circuit with more than 10 LEDs

I need to build a sequential LED circuit that will have more than 10 LEDs in a sequence. The LEDs should blink only one at a time. I know I can do 10 LEDs with a 4017 decade counter easily, but I dont ...
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1answer
51 views

Op Amp high voltage output

Is it possible to output voltages in the range of kilovolts and current of atleast >1mA using an input of <10V on a consumer electronics op amp such as IC 741? If not, then why?
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111 views

Voltage regulating

My first post here, please keep in mind that I hardly know anything about electrical engineering so please keep any replies in layman terms, thank you! I bought this 30cm white LED strip. It's set ...
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1answer
254 views

Is there a wifi chip on this board? [closed]

I have a Sony QX10 camera, with comes with built-in wifi. I want to to connect wired ethernet to it. I was hoping I could find a wifi chip inside the camera, and solder to where the ethernet traces go ...
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1answer
72 views

What is the significance of 8 bits in the context of an ADC0808?

ADC0808 is an 8 bit analog to digital converter. What is the significance of 8 bit? What does it represent? Which capability of IC does it represent?
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47 views

Node voltage analysis of PMOS charge pump

Why is it that the voltages at nodes A and B are 3.7 V and 7.4 V respectively at a certain phase, i.e phase 1? And just the ...
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46 views

at89c51 power supply [duplicate]

I am making a project using at89c51. I used my mobile charger (output: 5V, 1A) as the power supply. Will my IC get damaged due to the high current? I asked cause, without loading the program I ...
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3answers
84 views

Is there any way to interface 4x4 matrix keypad using 2 IO lines

I have two IO lines and wants to interface 4x4 matrix keypad. Using MUX ICs I need 4 IO lines. Is there any method to achieve it using 2 IOs?
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60 views

Digital selector switch SP4T

I'm building a multimode analogue filter for a synth project I am working on. I've been following some schematics I found in the wild. The project is working nicely on the breadboard so far but I ...
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43 views

2 Transistor 2:1 MUX with negative waveform

My PTL(Pass transistor logic) 2:1 mux show -ve waveform at at some inputs combination ckt and waveform show below: simulations perform at 180nm tech, 250mhz,1.8v power supply. How to cope this ...
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370 views

Why are MAX-, AD-, LT- parts (among others) so expensive?

I'm curious why some IC manufacturers like Maxim, Analog Devices, and Linear Tech's parts are so expensive? I know they are much higher quality (better electrical characteristics, etc), but for some ...
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2answers
41 views

Low power ripple pulse counter

I'm trying to find a ripple/pulse/edge counter chip that can record rising edges from a wind anemometer while my AVR sleeps. The signal is typically 0-50 Hz. I want to read it every 10 minutes, so it ...
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1answer
53 views

Positive Photo Resist for lift-off & Negative for EBL?

I would like to know two things about Photo Resists (PR): How is positive photo resist used for lift-off? What is EBL and why negative photo resist is used in this case?
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1answer
68 views

What is the name the IC package which is SMD version of DIP in the same dimensions?

There is an optocoupler which comes in DIP package. But it also has an SMD version of the DIP package. This SMD package is not SOIC, because its pin pitch size is 100mil instead of 50mil. What is the ...
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4answers
848 views

Reason of multiple GND and VCC on an IC

What is the reason that most of ICs (e.g. MCU) has multiple (A/D)GND and (A)VCC pins? If it is to increase performance of an IC, how does it help to performance? or is it easier for the IC designer ...
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5answers
912 views

How to start reverse engineering a circuit?

I have an old controller card from a pc which had to control some stepper engines. But there are several problems with it: The pc isn't working anymore, and I have no access to the program which ...
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2answers
52 views

What is the function of switches in optical panel encoders?

I want to use optical encoder in my design. In the datasheet of the optical encoder, pin2 and pin3 are used as switches. Could you please explain how these switches work and how to use them? Thanks.
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120 views

Can someone explain what each pin does on an LM3914 dot/bar graph chip?

I got an LM3914 chip to control a ten segment bar graph, but I am confused on how to wire it. The data sheet is not helping me with what pins do what and how to wire it. I need to know how it works ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Can someone explain what each pin does on an LM3914 dot/bar graph chip?

I got an LM3914 chip to control a ten segment bar graph, but I am confused on how to wire it. The date sheet is not helping me with what pins do what and how to wire it. I need to know how it works ...
2
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1answer
69 views

How is “plug-in auto detection” realized with this circuit?

This question is specific for ACT2802X series 5V/2.5A Backup Battery Pack Manager IC. On page 15, there is a schematic that provides a solution for auto plug-in detection. However, I cannot ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What is the best way to convert 1.8 V to 5 V?

I connected HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor, to single-board computer BeagleBoard-xM. Trigger pin requires 5 V DC. However, control pins of BeagleBoard-xM can provide only 1.8 V DC. What is the best way to ...
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2answers
97 views

PMOS, NMOS length width concept for low power circuit

Why for low power consumption width of NMOS taken same as length of feature and Width of PMOS taken as 2.5 times width of NMOS ? e.g for feature size 180n width of NMOS 180n and width of PMOS 450n. Is ...
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322 views

How do IC's know when there is a downward or upward transition of a clock pulse?

Title pretty much says it all. But how do most IC's, micro-controllers, etc. know when a clock cycle starts a downward or upward transition from the clock source?
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92 views

2 Transistor XOR Cell Floating Output Problem

I designed the following 2T XOR cell for my full adder purpose: Theoretically it gives correct output for all input combinations. But on Tanner Eda using 180nm technology 5V supply, it gives logic ...
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89 views

6 Transistor Full Adder

I am working on a 6 Transistor Full Adder whose circuit diagram is The circuit works fine but there is a problem: it needs a 25k resistor at XNOR and SUM point to show the complete Full Adder ...
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1answer
102 views

8 Transistor Full Adder

I am working on 8 Transistor full adder which is based on 3 Transistor XOR cell. I have studied many IEEE Papers for 8 Transistor Full adder. All have same ckt as above.But the full adder is not ...
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3answers
88 views

Op Amp reason for virtual ground [duplicate]

I'm very new to this topic Operational Amplifiers. Just started studying for my 4th semester. Can someone please explain to me why there is a virtual ground at the node after Rin. What is the reason ...