Allowing for the flow of power or information without shared electrical nodes

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1answer
53 views

Isolating polarities on a series wired battery bank

Can anyone, with 100% certainty (that means you know what you are talking about) tell me how to "isolate" the positive from the negative posts electrically in one direction so I have a true 'positive' ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Ground coupling a high voltage source with the A_GND and D_GND

I have a device that measures the current in the mains through a 0.01 Ohm 20W shunt resistor. The voltage across the shunt is amplified by a op amp and feed into a uC's ADC for farther calculations. ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

1:1 isolation transformer fuse on secondary side - an option?

We sometimes use an old self build 1:1 isolation transformer (150VA) in our company to isolate devices under test. It is equipped with a primary 500mA fuse (slow) in series with a on/off switch. ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Separating / Isolating the circuit blocks

I was designing the circuit of a superhet receiver, block by block. Needless to say, my concern is how would I separate the various blocks. In other words, how would I interconnect the blocks ( not ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

Galvanic Isolation with Voltage Equalization?

I need to equalize the ground voltage between the input and output of an isolated DC-DC power supply while still maintaining galvanic isolation. Is there a way to do this? The reason I need this is ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Are the non-metallic colored heat sinks of transistor packages electrically isolated/nonconductive?

When I look at transistor packages, I see two different heat sink types. One type is in metallic color, the other type is black plastic colored. I read datasheets of some components, none of them ...
0
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2answers
78 views

Isolation Transformer Safety

I recently purchased an armax 230 ISOTRAN Model 1521. I can’t find it on the web anywhere, and from what I understand it is an isolation transformer that takes in 115 VAC and outputs about 210 VAC. ...
1
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3answers
49 views

Low power Analog signal Isolation

In my project, the current budget is very tight. With less than 1mA, I have to isolate sensor's signal voltage and be able to measure it with ADC on the other side of the isolation barrier. What I ...
1
vote
4answers
229 views

Powering an AMC1200 Isolation Amp

I need to measure a very small current at the high-side of a circuit. The high side is at 3000VDC. The measurement needs to ultimately be in the form of a signal with a peak of no more than 5V, so ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Isolate two Arduino analog inputs

I have a stereo VU meter. (Audio in on Arduino pins A0 and A1 and GND to common GND also 32ohm resistors going to GND on A0 and A1 to simulate coming speakers) Now my problem is software architecture ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Isolating PWM From H-Bridge

I have a H-bridge based on FAN7392 drivers. This bridge works at 350VDC to output a approximately 240V 50Hz waveform. This circuit is isolated from rest of the board and I would like to maintain the ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

How do AC and DC hipot tests compare?

Suppose I have a DC/DC converter, Recom RPP30 for an example to hand. It lists an isolation voltage of 3000 VDC. How does this translate to an AC isolation voltage? Would this be equivalent to 3000 ...
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votes
2answers
228 views

Why DisplayPort cables must isolate the power pin?

I've been investigating why my 2560×1440 DisplayPort monitor and my mini-DisplayPort MacBook Air don't play along, and, it turns out, this is likely due to a wire in the cable that connects the two ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Isolation for loop powered devices with limited power

I am implementing 4~20mA Transmitter that consist of a MCU, a current DAC, and an ADC for measuring an analog signal. I would like to electrically isolate the analog signal from the loop current so ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Should AC voltage supplied to an external device through a relay be electrically isolated from the main power source of the enclosure?

Given a power supply in an electrical enclosure powered by 120 VAC. An I/O device will trigger a relay with a 24 VDC control. The signal from the I/O device will enable the relay for a set duration. ...
8
votes
3answers
704 views

Are there any disadvantages using magnetic couplers instead of opto-couplers?

I'm trying to find the disadvantages of using magnetic couplers versus opto couplers (1). I'm deciding which of the two I should use to create a galvanic isolation between two PCB's that are going to ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

What is this Circuit's function? Does it involve Isolation?

My question is: Does this circuit isolate the "X Volts" lines from ground (1) If not, how should I implement an opto-coupler to provide isolation between the data lines ("X Volts") and ground? ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

How to work out or calculate this circuit?

I'm not an engineer, I understand a lot but I fail to understand how it works and how to calculate this for a 24vdc input:
0
votes
2answers
114 views

Isolation of CAN-High and CAN-Low signals [closed]

I have to isolate the signals CAN-High and CAN-Low on a CAN bus. Is there an isolated CAN repeater (something like IXXAT's CAN-Repeater - 110 × 75 × 22 mm) which would be ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

How do I leave electrical connection of heat-sink body?

I usually see that some heat-sinks have thick pins to solder on the PCB, and I'm going to use one of them. Since they are going to be soldered on the PCB, the question rises in my mind about their ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Cellphone charger has no transformer?

I opened up a really tiny mobile phone charger I have, to see how it is designed. The entire "charger" is integrated into a small 2-pin mains plug, 1 x 1.25 x 0.5 inch, that has an USB socket for the ...
11
votes
2answers
910 views

Why AC points on PCB are separated by a hole

I want to find out why, in professional PCB's, they separate between the AC (220 VAC) points on the PCB with a hole in the PCB: Is it for more isolation between the AC lines? Is leaving a distance ...
2
votes
3answers
155 views

I2C isolation; 3kV

I am working on a high-side current sensor, where the high-side is around 3kV. I have come to the conclusion, with some help from you kind folks, that it is best that I float the majority of my ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

How to isolate DS2406 switch from mains? [closed]

I would like to use a DS2406 1-wire control chip to switch a mains load. Isolation is required and I would like to use the 1-wire supply. There are no power supply at the remote end, only 1-wire ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Proper power design for a USB device

I'm designing a USB device that I want to be powered eintirely from a wall wart and have a couple questions concerning the power connections and ground loops. 1) If I connect the USB GND pin to ...
1
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2answers
120 views

Isolate wires soldered on PCB

I'm soldering some cables on a PCB. They are are stranded, so I've first apply a bit of soldering on them and then solder them on my pcb. The problem is, there's on some a bit of exposed copper on ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How can I isolate a servo in this circuit [closed]

I have a PIC which I am using to control a servo, I have a 5v supply for the PIC. I wish to isolate the servo from the PIC as the noise the servo creates can cause the PIC to malfunction. NOTE: I only ...
1
vote
0answers
366 views

Can You Drive Back-To-Back MOSFETs (aka a Solid State Relay) Without Using An Optocoupler?

I was wondering if there was any way of driving back-to-back MOSFETs (with their sources and gates tied together as shown in the following image) without using an optocoupler? The reason is that ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

What is a reasonable isolation voltage for an optocoupler/digital isolator?

I need to isolate an input from my processor. What is a reasonable isolation voltage to look for optocoupler/digital isolator? I've pretty much decided to go with an RF isolator at this point because ...
0
votes
3answers
119 views

What is the reason to use an isolation amplifier?

In a work place PC has a data acquisition card which is 16 bit and has 16 single ended channels. One of the channels is outputting a constant DC voltage which can be controlled by a user via a ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

Where to connect shield and ferrites in PCB with isolated planes

I have a device which has two sections of the PCB completely isolated form each other, but connected by an isolator IC (PN: ????). I think I need to shield the whole device for reducing EMI because ...
3
votes
3answers
151 views

What is the electrical connection of heatsink plate of PB case bridge rectifier packages?

I'm going to use two PB-case bridge rectifiers of a certain product in my circuit. I need to know the electrical connection of its heat-sink plate (i.e.; to what pin it is connected to, or if it is ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

AC leaks to laptop, cellphone surface. Feel by finger! [closed]

I've accidentaly discovered that several mains+battery-powered devices with metallic casing like cellphones, laptops and mp3 players, exhibit a special kind of friction when stroked with a finger. But ...
0
votes
0answers
350 views

Is this buffer for protecting 3.3v logic from 9v power sane?

I'm playing with the idea of making a multi-interface for classic game controllers. The interface connector between the system and the controller has several pins that can be used bidirectionally ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

How to protect a signal from output short circuit?

I have made a signal generator based on DDS and amplified its output to 0-20 V pk-pk. Now I want to prepare the output side. My main concern is short circuit protection to prevent damage to my device. ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Looking for a medium power optocoupler

I have a project where I will control a 3 or 6 watt UV lamp DC with a microcontroller. I want to power my lamps with a AC/DC circuit and switch them on and off with a optocoupler, mainly because ...
0
votes
1answer
212 views

RS232 and RS422 (Isolated and ESD Protected)

I want my RS232 and RS422 to be galvanically isolated and ESD protected. I have two options to implement this requirement. Option 1: MCU-->OPTO-->DRIVER-->ESD PROTECTION Use MAX3232 for RS232 ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

What are the differences between Channel-to-Ground & Channel-to-Channel isolation?

I have the following questions regarding different types of isolation techniques: What are the major differences between Channel-to-Ground & Channel-to-Channel isolation techniques? Are all ...
0
votes
1answer
739 views

Effect of an isolation transformer on leakage current

How do isolation transformers affect the leakage current through protective earth in a system? Scenario 1: Mains is directly connected to circuit. Metal enclosure has a protective earth connection ...
8
votes
2answers
193 views

If I put multiple isolated DC/DC converters in series, can I add their isolation voltages?

Suppose I have a DC/DC converter that's rated for 2250VDC isolation for one minute. If I put two of these devices in series, making sure to maintain proper clearances on my PCB, do I get an effective ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Isolating Probe from stray voltage

I have a PH Probe taking readings from an ungrounded container that has sources of electrical noise (AC Pumps, AC heaters, etc). I would like to protect the probe from that noise. If the ...
0
votes
0answers
395 views

RS232 Ground-Loop Isolation: “creative” solution?

I have a RS232 connection that seem to suffer from different ground potentials at the two ends of the connection: The receiver signals a "break condition" in Realterm. As I understand it this means ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Isolated closing contact other than relay?

I need an isolated closing contact, like a relay, but ideally solid state. Rating 24V 100 mA on the contact side would be plenty. 1 kHz operation would be enough as well. I will drive this from 5V 25 ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Turning off a controller in multi chip pcb

I have a design question: How to safely turn off a controller IC's (CC2533, RTC clock) while other (eg. Atmega8) are running ? Basically to program the atmega without pulling it out of PCB. Is ...
24
votes
3answers
4k views

Why are the high voltage overhead power lines with the same potential being isolated?

Photo #1 Photo #2 Photo #3 - A zoom of Photo #1 Photo #4 - A zoom of Photo #2 I shot these photos while travelling in a highway. In each line-group has three separate lines. I think that the ...
2
votes
0answers
374 views

How to isolate low voltage control circuit from high voltage power circuit?

Can anyone give me a brief run-down of some methods I could use for this? I want to drive a MOSFET or BJT with a 12v 555 circuit or oscillator. The MOSFET will drive a high voltage circuit that ...
5
votes
1answer
295 views

How is pouring water addressed in high-voltage electric transport systems?

An electric train is typically powered with something like 1.5 kilovolts of direct current of something like 25 kilovolts of alternating current. In my experience electric device manufacturers charge ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

How do I (optimally) connect Elk-924 (high sensitivity relay board ) to DSC PGM output (sinks to ground)

This sounds like a very specific question, but I think it boils to a generic one -- not at all specific to this equipment. But it will take a bit of backstory to get there. My background, btw, is ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Isolation between cells for battery charging & testing

I want to charge Lipo battery packs and possibly other chemistries too. Six cell packs for starters. But hope to handle more and less. Perhaps a lot more cells. For electric vehicles, skateboards, ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

When is it appropriate to galvanically isolate components/subsytems?

As the question implies, how do you determine when it is appropriate to galvanically isolate parts of the same electrical system from one another? For example, I'm currently constructing a tube ...