Important to inductors, transformers, generators, motors, magnetic fields, inductive heating, magnetic storage, permanent magnets

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How ignition coil in automobile works..?? what are the winding count for ignition coil..?

I just want to make ignition coil on my own. can you please help to done primary and secondary winding for same..? 40KV output required from 12v input supply.
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1answer
64 views

Trying to understand the working principle of a weird transformer driver / oscillator

I'm trying to fix the high-voltage power supply of an old scope. The HV transformer is burnt, and I'm trying to replace it with a similar one (EPC19 core), but I'm failing. I already know how to wind ...
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2answers
45 views

why are pm (permanent magnet) machines synchronous? and how do I start them?

let's consider just one pole pair. I know from reading my book that a pm machine will have the angular speed of its rotor equal to the speed of the rotating magnet field that the three phase winding ...
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44 views

Transformer secondary wired to primary and secondary of second transformer

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab I see something like this for ethernet, and it confuses me. What is it for? What does it do? Could I remove that from the schematic?
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1answer
38 views

Influence of a magnetic field on coil impedance

If you take a coil and make a current flow through it, the coil creates a magnetic field. This field induces a voltage into the coil that produces a counter current that weakens the primary current ...
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0answers
16 views

zvs inductive heater and electromagnetic spinner at same time

I'm trying to make a inductive heater magnetic spinner vacuum oven, and wondering if the same coils might be wound for both. Inductive allows faster heating and direct heating through the glass vs ...
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1answer
46 views

How does inductance change with presence of different directional magnetic fields?

If I design a coil driver for a certain application, I assume there is a fixed load right? It may have drive any inductance between an interval but you can not drive any coil, because the driver is ...
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1answer
37 views

Ferromagnetic core with air gap

N=200 I=N*8A l=20cm=2*10^-1 d(delta)=1mm=10^-3 M=? M=(B/μ)-H How can I get the vector of magnetization? The relative permeability is not known. Everything I ...
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1answer
69 views

electromagnet repelling permanent magnet [closed]

I have an electromagnet (turned off) with an iron core in front of a permanent magnet. At this stage they attract each other. Will any current do if I want them to repel each other, or is there a ...
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3answers
169 views

low frequency 1-10Hz transformer

I have a 20V, 2 Amp Max, 10Hz sine wave generator, I would like to be able to connect a transformer to step up and down the voltage. How would I go about finding a transformer that I could connect to ...
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34 views

In electromagnetic inductance, which one is more efficient, to focus all power to move one part or split it to move both at the same time?

Assuming equal force is used, which one would be more efficient when it comes to generating current through electromagnetic induction: to use 100% of available force to move the permanent magnet only ...
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42 views

3-phase, 2-circuit transmission line calculations

I am trying to assess different positions for 6 conductors of a 3-phase, 2-circuit transmission line. The aim is to minimise the intensity of the magnetic field (H) at the edge of the ROW, 1m above ...
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2answers
148 views

How to properly wind a high frequency / high voltage transformer?

Please, is there any practical tip / caveat I should be aware, when winding a high-frequency transformer? I'm used to wind 50/60Hz transformers and they do work ok, but now I'm trying to make a high ...
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1answer
89 views

Magnets in Transformers Design

What is the advantages, and disadvantages of using neodymium magnets instead of ferrite cores in transformers? How would the magnetic flux density vary of such a transformer utilizing a neodymium ...
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0answers
41 views

Why compass module is affected by its x,y position, if my phone's compass work in the same environment?

I am using hmc5883L on an autonomus robot. It shall remain in a 1 meter squared area. I have recently discovered that its reading changes up to 20 degrees on different positions even when it is facing ...
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1answer
108 views

using a magnet to trigger a traffic light

Here is the link to the Traffic Detector Handbook from the Federal Highway Administration: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/operations/its/06108/02.cfm This will explain more about ...
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1answer
41 views

Effects on the exterior magnetic field from a field induced by a wire?

I have an experimental set-up where I place a conductive wire in a magnetic field created by an electromagnet like so: There is current flowing in a wire as well(aside from the electromagnet) ...
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1answer
118 views

Where are Ćuk converters

According to "the art of electronics" (p 651) and other internet sources, the ćuk switch converter has the most desirable properties: continuous input and output current waveforms, boosting and ...
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1answer
88 views

Reed switch sensitivity

I've built a setup where I've placed a reed switch near the water meter in my house. Every 0.5 litre the switch gets triggered and my Raspberry Pi does the rest of the work. My gas meter also outputs ...
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0answers
23 views

Closed loop shapes with zero mutual inductance?

I have done numerous searches trying to find any mention of theory or experimentation done on determining closed current loop shapes that have zero mutual inductance and...no dice! Of course you can ...
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1answer
40 views

Magnetically shielding an actuator

We need to magnetically shield a solenoid that activates this valve (shown below) Just slipping a mild steel cap over the end does not do the job, nor appears to have any screening effect at all. ...
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1answer
73 views

How to increase an electromagnet's magnetic field size

So i made this electromagnet out of a microwave oven transformer by taking out the secondary coil. It very strong but it can only attract the metals if i bring it really close. How do increase the ...
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0answers
46 views

Putting together a flyback converter development platform

At this stage of my independent study of off-line flyback topology switching converters, I'd like to start building some working converters to get a hands-on feel for things and to perform ...
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2answers
89 views

Ways to use electromagnets to pick up metal shavings at a distance

I work at a rotor machining plant and there is an issue for shutting a line down to clean up metal shavings, causes too much down time. I was thinking of using a strong electromagnet to have a "pick ...
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1answer
51 views

Formula for electromagnet strength parallel, outside the coil

I am working on a electromagnet project to collect metal shavings off the floor after machining. I have a formula for the magnetic strength at a distance from the ends, but not parallel to the coil. ...
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1answer
98 views

Magnetic switch with no moving parts

Is there a magnetic switch (like a reed switch) but with no moving parts? I need a switch that can be turned on by a magnetic field but won't move around due to tremendous shock absorption.
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3answers
116 views

Core loss appearing in buck converter ripple current

I have been told (and have also seen experimentally) that an inductor with a high core loss will introduce "glitches" to the ripple current in a switch mode power supply. I have tried researching this,...
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3answers
141 views

Hall effect device for circa 1 tesla gaussmeter

I'm thinking about building an unsophisticated bench instrument for measuring magnetic field density, just to support my learning about electromagnetism and building magnetics for power electronics ...
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4answers
70 views

Suggestions for moldable ferromagnetic material?

I'm trying to build a sort of three-axis stepper motor that consists of a sphere with a permanent bar magnet embedded in it surrounded by a cube (slightly smaller than the sphere, so that the sides of ...
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5answers
2k views

Why are reed switches made in glass tubes?

Why are reed switches made in glass tubes? Reed switches sense magnetic fields, and glass is not the only material not affected by a magnetic field. They can use plastic for example. Why are most of ...
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3answers
67 views

Magnetic modulation/ induction

I've been looking for a viable means of communication under water (other than sonars), be it short or mid-ranged, and I have come across MM and MI. I am no engineer, so I need help with this, and I ...
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2answers
115 views

Danger of Saturation of Primary Coil in a Flyback

I was reading a book, "switching power supply design - Abraham Pressman", specifically the section about flyback converters. One part I'm not quite sure I understand is where he says that the ...
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1answer
52 views

Externally toggle relay

Is it possible to force a relay to toggle without changing the input to the coil? i.e. if the relay (a sealed SPDT, say) has 0V on the coil such that NC is connected, it is theoretically possible that ...
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95 views

Will plastic influence a magnetic field?

First of all sorry for my English. If, for example I will "create" magnet by passing current through a coil. And than I will "wrap" this piece with plastic or some other material, will the "magnet ...
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764 views

Tracking rotation with extremely high accuracy

I would like to track the angular position of a fairly slow motorized rotating arm (direct-drive; see illustration below) -- but require angular accuracy of under 0.05°, and similar resolution. As @...
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1answer
137 views

neodymium magnet - how it affects a circuit

I am trying to develop a connector which can join both sides by a magnet. I got the idea of using a neodymium magnet , but I was thinking that if this could in one way or another affect circuit ...
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0answers
128 views

Ferrite core characterization

I need to make a dc dc converter and have some ferrite toroids but I don't have the datasheet of the cores so I need to know how much energy are capable do store the core and what current can they ...
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0answers
53 views

Is there a way to shield the fluidics of a solenoid valve from its magnetic field?

Are there any solenoid valves on the market that specifically shield the fluidics from the magnetic field of the solenoid actuation? Either by physically redirecting the fluidics around the coils or ...
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1answer
96 views

Why don't Inductors have voltage ratings, but transformers do?

Inductors don't have voltage rating, but transformers do... why is that? Why not just put a current, frequency, and turns ratio for transformers and be done?
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2answers
153 views

How is the current induced in this circuit?

Rectangle FBCE is the conducting wire. The circle is where magnetic field exists.The perimeter of the circle is NOT a conducting wire. R1,R2,...are different resistances. If the magnetic field(B) is ...
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3answers
117 views

why cannot use permanent magnets for large electricity production

Why cannot use permanent magnets for large electricity generation as they donot require power to produce strong magnneticfield
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44 views

Opposing EMF's with an odd change…?

A conductor in case 1 has two separate uniform magnetic fields \$B_1\$ & \$B_2\$: The magnetic fields(the blue rectangles are the field regions parallel to the conductor, while X's are the ...
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1answer
93 views

Hall effect sensor operational distance from magnet

I want to use a this hall effect sensor to detect the presence of magnet. I'm pretty sure I understand how to use the hall effect sensor, but I'm not sure how to calculate the distance the sensor can ...
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0answers
327 views

Building an electromagnet to work over an air gap

I am currently working on a project where I am building an electromagnet that works over an air gap. Specifically a gap of about 0.3 inches. The electromagnet type was selected because I need to be ...
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1answer
41 views

DC MMF and flux density variation in space

If flux density produced by DC current is sinusoidally distributed in space why do we say that DC MMF is space invariant?
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54 views

Long Term effects of saturating isolation txfr

I have a 1:1 isolation transformer that's rated for 25VA. I'm consuming 30VA, 20W. I've noticed because I'm saturating it, the txfr is no longer 1:1, it's more like 1:1.1. Other than this issue, for ...
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5answers
2k views

Can a transformer work if the core is not circular?

I am trying to build a transformer to convert 12V AC power to 5V AC. Here is what I have right now: I haven't adjusted the coil ratio yet but I tried it just to see if there would be any output ...
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3answers
110 views

Magnetic Field vs E-M Field

I have got some questions on this topic based on the best answers I get to these: -1- If magnetic fields arise due to electric currents in conductors, we say they are not E-M waves in nature; it is ...
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1answer
50 views

magnetic flux cut by a magnet

I have two magnets A and B: Magnet A is movable, Magnet B is fixed. Magnet A is smaller and weaker (surface area of 1 Square cm) , where as magnet B is stronger and bigger (surface area of 4 Square ...
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2answers
239 views

Clamp Meter Working Principle

Basic theory of clamp meter to measure rms of current wave. What I have in mind is that wire creates the changing flux that induces voltage in the meter.This voltage is calibrated ? Also how does the ...