Important to inductors, transformers, generators, motors, magnetic fields, inductive heating, magnetic storage, permanent magnets

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2answers
35 views

Extend an rj45 Jack

I want to extend the Ethernet port (of my raspberry pi) using a short bit of cable plugges in into the Ethernet Port and solider to another rj45-jack. In the jack I have here, are some built-in coils ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Which is the best material to create a magnetic field?

I'm trying to create a magnetic field and I'm also trying to induct electricity wirelessly to a light bulb. What I have to do is create a round coil but I'm not sure what is the most conductive ...
1
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1answer
28 views

3 axis magnetometer issue in one axis

I have several 3-axis magnetometers mounted on breadboards, and they all read correctly in the x and z directions. The Y direction is very strange; when turned to read ...
1
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1answer
288 views

How to Estimate Rotational Velocity of a Beakman's Motor?

What is the equation to determine the rotations per second of a Beakman's Motor (a.k.a. half-motor or single pole pulse motor, composed of a power source and a single coil with 1/2 exposed coil leads ...
2
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2answers
110 views

How build coil for respiratory magnetometer or find a better option (hall effect)?

I am trying to build an respiratory magnetometer. This device is no longer widely used even thought it was well liked. The reason it is no longer used is due to the fact that the coils used in it were ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Magnet strength in dynamo design

I come from a computer background, and apologies if this question sounds elementary. While designing a dynamo, I came across a problem of how to calculate the the strength of the magnetic field, and ...
0
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1answer
65 views

Motor without magnetism [duplicate]

Every electric motor I know, takes electricity and converts it over a magnetic field, for generating movement. Is it possible to generate significant movement, based only only on electrons movement? ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Super fast magnetic field by an electromagnet?

Was wondering about the possibility of creating a magnetic field in milliseconds or less? I know it's possible based on certain labs achieving 60-100 Tesla and more. But what about creating a 2 - 5 ...
9
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3answers
182 views

Electrical Machines based on Electric Fields

Our teacher asked us this question during the lecture for Power Electromagnetics. We know that Electric Fields and Magnetic Fields are easily transformable into one another. And they are used greatly ...
0
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2answers
70 views

Magnetic equivalent circuit with permanent magnets

I am fighting to understand how permanent magnets are inserted in magnetic equivalent circuits. In the image below is an example, at the left, the physical representation of an Iron core with a ...
1
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1answer
34 views

How to determine the minimum proximity of magnet to an AC line for no electrical impedance?

As the title says, I am wanting to calculate the minimum proximity for a magnet to be near a AC line for no electrical impedance. My scenario is this: I have a theoretical device like MagSafe ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Mitigate the effects of magnetic induction heating in a three phase AC system

To mitigate the effects of magnetic induction heating in a three phase AC system, it is common practice to group the conductors and to keep them in the same raceway. Also, three phase power is ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Help building electric generator?

I am in the process of building an electric generator for the first time, and I have found out most of what I need to do, except the following things. Can I have 2 rows of magnets linked together ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Calculation of inductance of rectangle coil

I'm currently working on a project about inductance. I want to calculate the inductance of a rectangle-shaped coil with a pitch different from zero. I tried this by applying the law of Biot-Savart. If ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Bit persistence on a Hard Disk Drive

I was wondering if there was a time limit to the "persistence" of bits on a hard drive, a classical SATA for example. If I'm correct, bits are written by a magnetizing head in some cells on the hard ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Magnetic flux outside a solenoid perpendicular to the direction of axis of solenoid

I know that using straight forward Biot-Svart law it is possible to calculate field inside a solenoid or at a point on an axis away from the circular coil. Now is it possible to calculate the Flux ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Maximizing force of magnetic mass accelerator

I am planning to build a coil gun to fire small neodymium magnets out of a pipe. For this I am planning to use a large 400 Farad 2.7 Volt capacitor. I am wondering how many coils of wire I should ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

Thickness of low frequency Mu shield calculation

I am dealing with a low frequency varying magnetic field, say 10 - 100Hz with a magnitude of 0.8T. It seems shielding at this frequency gets tricky. Even though Mu is capable of doing it, there should ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Would proximity to water affect a magnetometer

I'm using an InvenSense MPU9150 as a tilt-compensated compass in an autonomous sailboat. I'm trying to decide where to put the the control board, with options being in a dry box on top of the "deck," ...
1
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1answer
135 views

Can I increase inductance using permanent magnet ?

I know that when I insert a ferromagnetic core inside an air-cored coil, the inductance increases. What if I inserted a permanent magnet with a cylindrical shape into an air-cored coil, does the ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Why is the Litz Wire twisted?

I understand that dividing a wire into multiple insulated pieces reduce the Eddy Currents, and that reduces the magnetic field inside the wire, which leads to increased skin depth. But why do they ...
8
votes
2answers
711 views

How does this iPhone app measure the power flowing through an AC appliance cord?

My electric utility released an iPhone app called "DTE Insight" which (among other things) measures the amount of power flowing through an appliance's power cord by asking you to hold the cord against ...
3
votes
2answers
380 views

How important is the number of cores in RJ45 jacks with magnetics

While searching for RJ45 jacks with magnetics (MagJacks) in Digikey, we found that there is a selection criteria which says "Number of cores per jack". Though we have been using MagJacks previously, ...
4
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1answer
281 views

Simulating a magnetic field in Spice

I am trying to simulate a circuit that involves pickup coils in Spice. How would one simulate the magnetic fields that the pickup coils can sense? Additionally, how would one get a frequency response ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Magnet that needs power to turn off? Inverse coil?

I have never heard of such thing. But it would really suit my needs. I'm inventing a device and during it's operation, it should be able to catch an iron object any time (with a permanent magnet). ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Is it necessary for EM fields to be dependent & co-exist in static conditions? [closed]

I was having a discussion today with one my colleagues in the lab about the independence and co-existence of EM fields. My argument: In time-varying fields: EM fields are necessary dependent, and ...
0
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3answers
104 views

How to select and use Strong Magnet together with hall sensor and amplifier?

With reference hall effect IC sensor (hopefully on topic as normal EE work) used together with these silver color magnet, as this example of 20 by 10 mm from ebay, Do they have different ...
1
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4answers
328 views

How do I determine the distance from a magnet using Magnetometer?

I have a triple-axis magnetometer and a magnet, and I am trying to calculate the relative position of the magnet from the magnetometer. The magnetometer outputs the strength of any fields detected in ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Electromagnet for string vibration

I recently read a lot about guitar sustainers, for those who don't know what are they - it is basically an electromagnet with an amplifier. It takes an input from pickup, amplifies it and then ...
3
votes
2answers
344 views

What are the specifics of PoE ethernet magnetics

I have a PoE powered design, and it is currently equipped with magnetics not labelled as PoE, HX1188NL. There is also a transformer with a similar topology, HX2019NL. However, the only difference I ...
0
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1answer
328 views

How to design a magnetic vibrator?

I plan to create a magnetic vibrator to shake a small container. What I plan is to buy Two "Magnet Wire 14 AWG Gauge Enameled Copper 1.5lb 118ft 200C Magnetic Coil Winding" a custom made container ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Which type of Ethernet magnetics should I choose for PoE?

I'm trying to find a suitable PoE MagJack for use with my Phy, KSZ8051MNL. The problem is that I can't find one with the same suggested magnetics topology. The closest one I can find has one extra ...
4
votes
3answers
142 views

Current source for milliohm loads?

I've been working on a model maglev train as my Grand Hobby Project; something around the H0 scale. The initial idea was to use the Inductrack mechanism to keep it simple. To summarize, a Halbach ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Saturation current of my inductor not agreeing with formulas

I have wound my first inductor and I have verified the inductance with 2 methods. However, when I test its saturation current, its much lower than the formula gave me: \$B_{peak} = \dfrac{V\cdot ...
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1answer
130 views

Magnetic shielding

http://www.kjmagnetics.com/blog.asp?p=shielding-materials I understand from the diagrams that the magnetic field is redirected through the shield (and not canceled out.. etc) Suppose I cover one ...
0
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2answers
197 views

Value of inductor

I need to wind an inductor with a value between 47uH - 200uH. I have a 10 mm (in diameter) ferrite core from an RF choke used in an old radio (probably lossy ferrite). The core is 3 cm long (I also ...
1
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2answers
173 views

How does the shape of the coil relate to the magnetic field around it?

I want to know if the shape of the coil affects the path of the magnetic fields around it. The two different shapes that I have are Helical coil and a spiral coil (in a plane).
8
votes
3answers
468 views

Why is inductance (L) proportional with turns-square (N²)?

We start from the Maxwell's Equation $$ \mathbf{\nabla} \times \mathbf{B} = \mu \mathbf{J} + \overbrace{\mu \epsilon \dfrac{\partial \mathbf{E}}{\partial t}}^0. $$ We take surface integration of ...
0
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3answers
328 views

Electromagnet duty cycle

I have a project where I would like to use an electromagnet to lift an item for a longer period of time. I was looking at a magnet like this one: ...
-1
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1answer
251 views

How to implement a radial encoder with a diametrically magnetized magnet using a hall-effect sensor?

I want to implement a rotary encoder that doesn't use optical sensing or physical contacts. I found the following solution using a diametrically magnetized magnet on the shaft, and a dual axis hall ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the difference between the magnetic H field and the B field?

Wikipedia provides a mathematical explanation. Can I get the intuitive one? I'd like to, for example, understand a ferrite datasheet. These usually have graphs of H vs B, and the definition of ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between a transformer and a coupled inductor?

Transformers and coupled inductors seem very similar. Is there a difference in construction? Or only in use? This question asks something similar, but the answers don't address my question: Coupled ...
5
votes
1answer
422 views

Magnetic field strength and bldc rotor

As a background to this project, I have taken an off the shelf bldc stator and incorporated it into a small pump, and then built my own rotor using discrete neodymium magnets. At first, everything ...
1
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1answer
158 views

What does limit transferable power through a transformer?

Assume that there is a transformer as in the image above. The applied primary side voltage \$E_1\$ is always AC. We design the transformer so that the magnetizing flux \$\Phi_m\$ does not saturate ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Back EMF and opposing current of a super conductor?

A 5 meter long super conductor carries 100 Amps, and it passes through a 1 Tesla magnetic field at 0.010 seconds, Is EMF = - (BL) / (t)? And since the resistance of the super conducting wire is zero, ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Average heat generated on thin circular plate in harmonic magnetic field

I have problem with this equation, I have final equation, but I don't know steps, how you get this equation. There are the eddy currents in thin circular copper plate thickness h and radius a, in a ...
0
votes
1answer
334 views

RJ-45 with magnetics transformer (Ethernet port) connections

I am working on circuit having RJ45 connector with built-in magnetics transformer. The schematic diagram of mentioned circuit shows following connections with Rj45 magnetics connector. At first I ...
2
votes
2answers
461 views

How does flux exist in a transformer?

What I understand about working principles of ideal transformer: We apply an alternating voltage at the primary side. This creates a flux inside the transformer core (\$\Phi_p\$). Some voltage is ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Polarity of the induced voltage on inductor for an applied magnetic flux according to the Lenz's Law

I'm trying to visualize the Lenz's Law on a practical inductor. The Lenz's Law says that $$ \mathcal{E} = -\dfrac{\partial \Phi}{\partial t} . $$ Now, assume that there is a magnetic flux inside ...
1
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1answer
66 views

What is the theory behind the coded magnet sensor?

I see that Banner has coded magnet switch. The switch would NOT be active by any magnet but one. Why this happen?