The microprocessor is an integrated circuit that elaborates information in the form of digital signals. Not to be confused with a microcontroller, which embeds many additional devices to control embedded systems.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
40 views

Memory-mapped I/O and Peripheral-mapped I/O in 8085 microprocessor

In the book it is given that: "to identify the I/O devices these devices can be interfaced using address from memory space: MEMORY-MAPPED I/O. Another option is to have a separate numbering ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Where/what functions as a clock on a (say intel i3-7) microprocessor?

In my Microcontrollers class today, our professor talked about how for the microcontrollers we use in lab, the clock is actually a "crystal" (either his command of English or of chemistry prevented ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the difference between Machine and Time Cycle in 8085 microprocessor?

I have search this topic but their I can not find any specific answer to this . So I need some specific answers .
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Microprocessor instructions per cycle clock [duplicate]

Could you please explain this issue: can a microprocessor perform on average more than one instruction per clock cycle?
0
votes
0answers
32 views

SoC With PCI-e Bus Exposed [closed]

I am trying to find an affordable SoC (< $50, qty 1) That runs Linux and has a PCI-e bus exposed, 4x is preferable. I am also looking for a bare metal programmable TQFP with PPCI-e 1x available ...
0
votes
3answers
99 views

Connect USB to microprocessor lacking a output port?

Sorry I'm sure this is a very simple answer but I know very little about how it works beyond serial ports and USB adapters for interacting with PCB circuits. I've taken apart an old junk flip ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Processor Budgeting

How do I figure out if a microcontroller has enough processing speed to handle particularly "intensive" tasks? Specifically, I am a university student looking to design a robot that uses OpenCV and a ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Is Micro-processor completely Digital?

I read about different parts of micro-processor like ALU, registers etc. all different digital parts. Are there any analog parts inside the processor?
1
vote
1answer
109 views

ADC Reading is much lower than expected

I am using a EFM32GG990 microprocessor and I am trying to get it to read a voltage using it's on-board ADC. I have made a circuit that I wish it to measure, both the loaded and open circuit voltage ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Android Hardware Development

I want to learn about Android hardware development (not accessories, but this system itself), although I can find some CPU vendors that make Android versions compatible with their CPU, I can't find ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

How can a CPU deliver more than one instruction per cycle?

Wikipedia's Instructions per second page says that an i7 3630QM deliver ~110,000 MIPS at a frequency of 3.2 GHz; it would be (110/3.2 instructions) / 4 core = ~8.6 instructions per cycle per ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

How ALU Perform decrement operation using LOGIC Zero

I google many ALU Block diagram for decrement operation.all same as shown below. This 1 bit alu perform 8 operation depending upon select line status Theoretically all operation seems works ...
1
vote
2answers
224 views

What are buffer and latches in microprocessor?

I would like a description that clarifies the concepts of what buffers and latches are and the difference between them. I'm asking for buffers and latches in respect to the 8086 microprocessor.
-3
votes
2answers
131 views

how to build a micro processor? [closed]

I have learnt about 8085 micro processor in my 4th sem of engineering. Now I want to make own 8085 micro processor . My question is how should I start ? What are the requirements and which are the ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

MPU accessing busy memory

I didn't know whether to place this question here or on stackoverflow, but I finally decided to post it here. I want to build a simple system that would be able to work with basic peripherals (UART, ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

Why does Intel produce core i3, core i5 and core i7 processors; but not core i2, core i4 or core i6 processors? [closed]

Why does Intel produce core i3, core i5 and core i7 processors; but not core i2, core i4 or core i6 processors? What is the reason behind this?
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Why does Intel looks so advanced compared to other foundries, engraving fineness-wise? [closed]

Latest chips from Intel were 22nm, and they are now targeting 14nm (coming in 2014 or 2015 it seems). On the other hand, Global Foundries or TSMC struggle since several years to go beyond the 28nm ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Measuring power consumption of cache memories?

Is there any practical method to only measure the power consumption of combined cache memory. I am intereted in measuring the power conumption overhead when replacing blocks, and or filling the cache ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Where to start building this wifi video streaming circuit?

I am working on my own quadcopter and I would like to stream video from it to my computer. I know how to do it using Raspberry Pi and wifi dongle hooked to its usb port, but I don't want that solution ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Mapping the hex address representation to a specified conductor of system bus

I interested in how does implement the mapping of hex address representation to the specified contact of system bus. For example: Let we have logical address ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

MSP430 printf function executes too slow [closed]

I try to use Sky mote (MSP430 F1611 + CC2420) to read the data from I2C sensor with 100Hz sampling frequency and write the data to serial port (USB). I tried a couple of tests and realized that the ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

Why data buses should support 1024 bits, when processor are working with 64bits?

If the processors are working with 64bits, then why do they need Bus protocols to be as high as 1024bits. Is it for re usability?
8
votes
2answers
421 views

CPUs for retro computer school project

I'm a student in an IT school and we are trying to think of a project we could use to show 1st year students how things work behind the stage and we eventually thought of making a retro computer. ...
1
vote
3answers
170 views

Where do you find out how to program a specific microprocessor?

I have experience with AVRs, by programming them through the SPI port, but right now I'm looking at a Holtek HT46R22 and I can't find anything about how to program this Microprocessor. My question is ...
-2
votes
1answer
64 views

Is it possible do download a programm FROM a microprocessor? [closed]

I really don't find anything on this topic. I'm not sure if JTAG may give such possibilities. [Edit]:I found out, that for example with AVR Processors it's possible, as long as the corresponding fuse ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Using interrupts to strobe an LED

Beginner here, just playing around with a devboard using a PIC micro. I am attempting to strobe an LED using an interrupt, I've created the function below within isr.c, INTOSC is running at 4MHz, TMR0 ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Application of intel 8253 timer

8253 timer works in 6 different modes namely interrupt on terminal count, hardware-retriggerable one shot, rate generator, square wave generator, software triggered strobe and hardware triggered ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

How can some guys discern all parts of a MCU?

Today, when I was searching for find some dies, I saw these pictures: Now I'm curious that know how can some guys discern all part of a MCU? Is there any points that I use those to discern all ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Circuit Board Design Help (Novice) [closed]

I would like to see if the project that I am currently working on is something that can be done. Any help I can get would be much appreciated. I hope I am providing enough information. I am looking ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Identification of hardware interrupts in microprocessor 8085

I am familiar with the RIM and SIM instructions that are available in the instruction set of microprocessor 8085. And thus I can enable RST 7.5 and RST 6.5 interrupts using SIM instruction and EI ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Dynamic energy and dynamic power in microprocessors

In a class I'm learning about dynamic energy and dynamic power and the notes seem to be incomplete. ...
6
votes
3answers
523 views

Can I do this tutorial without a potentiometer?

I am trying out online tutorial to practice python and Raspberry Pi. I am currently following this tutorial. It says a potentiometer is needed, but I don't have one. The lcd I have is JHD162A What ...
1
vote
1answer
355 views

What's the difference between minimum feature size , transistor gate length and half pitch?

I've been looking into the limits that silicon based transistors. During this I've come across several terms describing the small size of a transistor, minimum feature size and transistor gate length ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to Debouce Six Buttons on One Analog Pin With Arduino

I'm using analog pin 5 on Arduino to detect presses from 6 push-buttons. On the picture top-right button is number 1 and then from right to left they go as 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Program should print 0 when ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Moore's law: relationship between transistor count on an integrated circuit and minimum feature size

I'm doing a project about Moore's law, looking at physical limits of the technology / materials we're using (photolithography for example), the limit you'll come to is the minimum feature size. For ...
0
votes
1answer
934 views

Number of machine cycles in microprocessor 8085

The DCR instruction in MP 8085 has has 1 machine cycle, i.e. opcode fetch cycle. But the DCR M instruction has 3 machine cycles. What are those three machine cycles?
4
votes
2answers
695 views

Memory mapping in the 8085 microprocessor

In the 8085 microprocessor there is 64 kb of memory available of which some are assigned to ROM while others are assigned to RAM. My question is, why is ROM always mapped to a lower region of memory ...
3
votes
4answers
237 views

What are the advantages to a separate processor when there is an FPGA present?

Consider an embedded application with both a discrete processor(ARM, AVR, PIC, etc) and an FPGA to offload some of the work or interface with specific hardware. Assuming there are sufficient ...
2
votes
3answers
336 views

History, reason for and implications of the 2 modes of a modern microprocessor?

The modern microprocessors I've dealt with could have 2 modes: User and superuser (and sometimes this difference was just in the manual and not actually implemented like with the Nios II which states ...
1
vote
5answers
933 views

Arduino vs Microprocessor vs Microcontroller

What is the difference between an Arduino, a microprocessor, and a microcontroller? I'm trying to determine what is best to operate a cheap resistive touch screen.
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Why do we use (0,+V) in digital electronics (eg processors) instead of (-V/2,+V/2)? [closed]

Would making the default voltages for 0 and 1 where relevant +|- V/2 save 1/2 power?
1
vote
1answer
153 views

How is machine code handled by the microprocessor? [closed]

And no I don't mean "How do you write a program for a processor". What I want to know is how does a processor interpret some aribtrary instruction, say 100001 as ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

How is the Second level of Cache Accessed

Since the processors have more than one level f memory, how is the 2nd level of Cache accessed. i.e., Access both the first level of Cache and 2nd level are Cache are accessed at the same time. If ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

What happens on a Cache miss?

In the present day processors more than one level of memory is present for trying for the realization of an ideal memory system and to do more work for clock cycle more than one instruction is in the ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

N-Well Resistor

So as I'm currently looking into basic VSLI, I made a simple voltage divider in Electric using N-Well resistors. I was hoping to understand: Why does an N-well act as a resistor? A reference to better ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

How are the control signals determined for a jump instruction in the MIPS pipeline?

NOTE: Let me point out that I did try extensively to solve this on my own. The problem is that, based on that circuit, it would appear that this processor cannot jump. At best the jump instruction ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

How to implement memory mapped IO

I am describing a system in VHDL. This system already contains a processor, a DDR SDRAM controller and a VGA controller. VGA reads pixels from SDRAM (already validated and proven in FPGA). Although ...
5
votes
2answers
229 views

How does a microprocessor operate in sequence?

I am trying to understand how microprocessors work. I am savvy about full adders and boolean arithmetic and buses and the like, and in fact, I have "built" a full adder before (in a computer ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

SDRAM initialization

I've been trying to study how the ARM bootloader works, but initialization of SDRAM is still somewhat a mystery to me. For example AT91 Bootstrap uses following function for initialization. I think I ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

what is microcoded architecture in computer architecture

I want to know what is microcoded microarchitecture of an instruction set architecture (ISA) and why is it used? What is the difference between microcoded architecture and single cycle ...