Microwaves are radio waves with a frequency from 300MHz to 300GHz which corresponds to a wavelength of one meter down to one millimeter. Often in RF engineering however it is used to refer to a narrower region such as 1 to 100GHz.

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How to calculate return loss of the cascaded system?

If system 1 has 10 dB return loss and system 2 has 20 dB return loss then what is the overall return loss of cascaded system of 1&2 ?
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38 views

How powerful(in terms of output watts)can current Gunn diodes get?

That is, if I wanted a Gunn diode in the low GHz range with a 20kW output does such a device exist? If not what kind of semiconductor materials would be needed to support ballistic transport at high ...
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1answer
34 views

How to find the polarization (phase) of the virtual source if image theory is used

Consider a radiating element (actual source) is placed above a ground plane, and if we apply image theory to determine the E-filed, the virtual source will be placed below the ground plane and ground ...
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1answer
40 views

Quantifying white noise with a spectrum analyzer

The setup of my problem is as follows. I have an experiment in which I want to apply a noisy voltage with a white (flat) spectral density over a large frequency range, say 0 to 7 GHz for example. Not ...
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1answer
26 views

Actual procedure used to establish a MW link budget in telecom?

If it possible can someone share with me the actual procedure used (Not the theoretical steps in book !) like in Huawei or others telecom vendor to establish a Microwave Link between to sites Like ...
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1answer
40 views

transmission line theory, complex conjugate matching

Referring to the below output matching network of an amplifier ,in which gamma_out is chosen as the complex conjugate of gamma_l (in the figure Γ and Γ*) in order to achieve maximum power transfer ...
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1answer
51 views

How to make an impedance matched circuit for fabbed antenna?

Okay I have developed an antenna for a system and need to create an impedance matching circuit. The theory of conjugate matching is simple, but actually implementing it is something I can't find ...
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2answers
601 views

Pinout of microwave motion sensor FC1816

Please, help to figure out the pinout of microwave motion sensor FC1816. The seller "doesn't understand" what it is required on queries to provide the pinout for the module. The module is the ...
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1answer
83 views

Phase noise measurement with IQ mixer

I have a question regarding a measurement scheme of phase noise that I'm trying to implement. The idea is that I have two identical signal generators (I actually do) that generate a sinusoidal voltage ...
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1answer
117 views

Distributed Transmission Line, Characteristic Impedance in AWR Microwave Office

I am trying to design a distributed amplifier in which the parasitic capacitances of a small-signal FET model are linked to inductors to form a distributed line across the drains and gates and I'm ...
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6answers
2k views

Is a microwave's output power proportional to the mass of its contents?

My friend and I are having a heated debate. On the one hand, he thinks that a microwave oven that is empty, consumes almost no power (not considering lights, lcd, etc). He says that once you put an ...
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0answers
155 views

GaN pulsed operation

Does anybody have experience biasing and pulsing a microwave GaN HEMT? I've just ordered a 10 Watt S-band transistor. I know all about bias sequencing. This application is pulsed. I've read about ...
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2answers
157 views

Smith Chart Conjugate Matching

In an example in Pozar's Microwave Engineering, a conjugate matching circuit for maximum gain is designed using Smith chart. In the shown Smith chart, the matching circuit for input is designed. We ...
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1answer
38 views

Is it possible to model a microwave resonator in SPICE [duplicate]

I just wanted to know if it was possible to model a microwave resonator in spice software or somehow import it from somewhere to spice to carry out analysis. Also if it is not possible to model the ...
2
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1answer
202 views

Coupled Line Filter Design in Qucs

I'm getting to grips with designing coupled line filters and wanted to implement the band-pass filter described in Example 8.7, p. 435 in David Pozar's excellent "Microwave Engineering" just as a ...
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1answer
76 views

Output reflection coefficient of a two port network

In the third edition of the textbook Microwave Engineering by David Pozar, example 4.7, it is explained how to use signal flow graphs to find the output reflection coefficient \$\Gamma_{out}\$ of a ...
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1answer
58 views

LED characteristics to use in heating a material sample?

I am looking to be able to heat a sample of material, typically less than 500mg and sitting in a fused silica sample holder about 10mm diameter. Wondering about using (say) a 5W LED with narrow ...
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1answer
65 views

Function to Simulate Realistic Waveform

I need to simulate a realistic signal voltage triangle waveform in Mathematica. I know that a real waveform won't have sharp corners, but I don't remember exactly what a real triangle wave looks like....
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2answers
178 views

Why is a high-Q circuit difficult to match?

People in the microwave/RF field constantly talk about how it is "difficult" to match a high-Q circuit (ie. a CS amp with very little gate resistance and no degeneration). Why is that? The problem is ...
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2answers
161 views

Why does microwave communicaion require line of sight?

What I can I think about is: Power spectrum density at MW frequencies is very poor at a point it is unable to penetrate obstacle without losing a lot of power. Multipath fading at those frequencies ...
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2answers
91 views

Signal speed through different materials

I've been tolled that signals are carried by electromagnetic waves caused by oscillating charges, and that this action occurs in a manner similar to how billiard balls interact with one another. I'm ...
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1answer
164 views

HEMT/PHEMT transistor circuit design- need manual/book

I have to design a microwave amplifier in the frequency range of 0-15GHz. To this end, I need to be able to design circuits with HEMT/PHEMT transistors. Is there a comprehensible manual that teaches ...
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1answer
68 views

Microwave amplifier characteristics - don't undertand [closed]

Please, look at http://www.rfcomp.com/hd24223.aspx (the spec file is downloadable in this page). This is a microwave amplifier, and I have several questions. 1) What is "noise figure" ? 2) What ...
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1answer
48 views

Electromagnetic or microwave cooling

Heat means stored kinetic energy in matter. Microwave owens and induction heaters works on increasing kinetic energy on matter. Is it possible to make inverse of this heaters like cooler. We can ...
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1answer
138 views

Why we need waveguide in Microwave?

why we need waveguide to move microwave power from magnetron to microwave cavity ? can't we just push magnetron antenna inside the cavity ? why it has to go through waveguide ?
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169 views

Relation between reflection (coefficient) and bandwidth

I am reading into single stage microwave amplifiers and how to design for a specific gain (source 1, source 2 warning PDFs!). In both sources the claim is made that the highest bandwidth is achieved ...
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1answer
40 views

Explanation for stability criterium microwave amplifiers

Given a general microwave amplifier circuit For this amplifier (transistor) to be stable the the magnitude of the input and output reflection coefficient must be smaller than 1. But why? What is ...
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1answer
41 views

EM wave polarization check

I am trying to recall the quick way to check the EM polarization theoretically, I mean if I have a wave described as (ssume capital letters are vectorial fields) \begin{equation} \ E = E_o *exp(j* \...
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1answer
51 views

Microwave oscillator conditions

The conditions for a negative resistance microwave oscillator are (2-port): \$K < 1\$ (unstable device) \$Γ_{in} \cdot Γ_g = 1\$ (condition for oscillating input port)(generator side) \$Γ_{out} \...
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1answer
66 views

Microstrip lenght problem

I'm simulating a single microstrip half-wave resonator (1.8 GHz) in Sonnet and using ADS LineCalc tool for calculating the microstrip length but I'm getting a wrong number. Substrate parameters (...
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2answers
198 views

Uneven (10 dB) RF Power Splitter/Combiner

I'm trying to modifying and improve the MIT radar project Here's the basic block diagram: Input power is split by 3 dB SPLTR1 to transmitting antenna and LO input to the mixer. From what I ...
3
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1answer
162 views

40 GHz spectrum analyzer with N-type coax input?

We have an old Rohde & Schwarz FSEK 30 that is advertised as having a range from 20 Hz to 40 GHz, with an N-type input connector. My conundrum is that a type-N connector with air dielectric ...
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1answer
159 views

How does a microwave oven-leakage detector work?

What type of sensor or circuitry is inside one of these devices that allows measurement of microwave radiation strength? I've never opened one but I'm assuming it's similar to measuring RSSI on a ...
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1answer
112 views

Isolation spacing in CPW-G

Is there any thumb of rules how to determine optimum spacing (marked with S below) for a RF signal (@2.45 GHz) on Coplanar Waveguide with ground (CPW-G)?
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1answer
475 views

Workings of a microwave oven magnetron transformer

I took apart an old microwave oven just to see what happens with the circuit inside it. The overall idea is actually pretty simple, but I'm having a hard time figuring out some parts of the circuit. ...
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1answer
204 views

How to determine dielectric constant and loss tanget of a PCB board at a specific frequency?

I need to know dielectric constant (relative permittivity) and Tan loss of a FR4 board at 2.45 GHz. The specification of the manufacturer is as it is below: Dielectric Constant: Test method (IPC-...
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3answers
329 views

How much power can a thin wire handle before heating too much?

If I have a copper wire 25um in diameter and 3mm long, and I'm running AC current through it at 3GHz, how can I calculate how much it heats up given a power and duration? The wire is immersed in oil ...
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5answers
5k views

Why do microwave ovens, with metal walls, not blow up?

Why does a microwave oven with metal (?) walls work fine, but if I (theoretically) put a metal spoon in it, "bad things" may happen? Maybe these internal walls are not conductive?
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2answers
391 views

What is actually transformed in quarter wave transformer?

I'm reviewing some stuff on quarter wave transformer for a transmission line but since I have not had any experienced in handling these type of stuff, I am struggling to understand this concept ...
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1answer
286 views

Estimating Path Loss from Measured 2.4Ghz/Wlan Signal Strength to get Distance

I want to estimate distances between Wlan Routers based on the RSS (received signal strength) indoors. Im fully aware that I only will get rough estimates. For that I studied some radio propagation ...
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2answers
808 views

What are the bare minimum parts needed to operate a magnetron?

I recently took apart a microwave, and I managed to get a magnetron out of it, as well as a transformer that appears to be the power source for the magnetron, but looks a little small for the ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How Reflex Klystron works

I have a doubt on how exactly a reflex klystron works(as an RF source). In wikipedia it says that, The electrons are fired into one end of the tube by an electron gun. After passing through the ...
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2answers
713 views

Wavelengths blocked by a certain metal mesh

Introduction: I've heard about a theory, according to which you can check if there is any leakage in your microwave oven by putting your mobile phone inside and call it. However, I gave it a try and ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does the speed of the Electromagnetic wave in the material depend on the frequency of the wave where as they are constant in vacuum (freespace)?

I am confused on why would the propagation speed of any EM waves at ANY frequency is constant in the free space (vacuum) but they seem to disperse in any other materials as the propagation speed of EM ...
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0answers
69 views

Microwave Oscillator: Both Ports Unstable?

I'm just wondering, for microwave oscillators, I think both ports need to be in the transistor's unstable region. What would happen if just one port were in the unstable region and the other in the ...
2
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1answer
372 views

What does this capacitor do? (Microwave biasing circuit)

I'm wondering what \$C_B\$ attached to the bottom of \$R_{C2}\$ does. This is a screenshot from a textbook called RF Circuit Design: Theory and Applications by R. Ludwig And P. Bretchko. Looking at ...
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1answer
296 views

How to calculate Input backoff per carrier of a satellite

I was trying to calculate the sizing of SSPA in my satcom network where input backoff per carrier is required to calculate Power flux density. My current network configuration in C band is Total ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Why is it that a TEM mode propagates in a - Two separate conductor wave guide?

Please someone explain to me in Simple English or Basic equations as to why does a Transverse Electric and Magnetic Modes(TEM) propagate on only two surface Wave ...
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1answer
93 views

RF Ground (Reflections?)

I'm trying to understand how someone can ground an RF signal (especially relating to microstrip lines). I think I'm missing something... Since the impedance of ground is supposed to be \$0\Omega\$, ...
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1answer
741 views

How to model transistor ATF 53189 in QUCS?

In my internship I have to create an amplifier with low noise, high impedance and that works in the 100 to 400MHz band. While searching for a transistor, I found the ATF 53189 (datasheet), which ...