An optoelectronic device which combines an optical transmitter and receiver in a single package; commonly used in galvanic-isolated control applications such as power supplies.

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53 views

Solid state relay (or equivalent/alternative) to drive 6V DC from a 3.3V micro

I have to open/close two wire from a closed device. I cannot open due to it's under warranty, and the only part that I can open and modify is an external button that connects the two wires. Firstly I ...
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4answers
121 views

Sensing analog voltage on Arduino without loading the input circuit

I want to design a voltage divider for my Arduino Analog input pin, to be able to sense the change in voltage in a 9V, 250mA circuit (without loading it). Ive programmed the Arduino so that as soon ...
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1answer
59 views

Application of AC optocoupler [closed]

I found this circuit for an AC optocoupler: For this circuit, what would be the criteria to choose the correct resistors and capacitors? Why were these values chosen? How do I select the right ...
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1answer
599 views

MOC3010 & BT136 with Arduino as trigger to power AC light

I've spend days debugging this circuit and have exhausted all possible solutions. I'm trying to use an Arduino PWM pin to light a 120V AC lightbulb. In order to do this I'm using a MOC3010 ...
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2answers
107 views

Are IC sockets suitable for mains voltage?

I need to derive a low-voltage galvanically isolated 50 Hz signal from 230 V mains. I'll use an opto-isolator for this. I'd like to use IC sockets for all ICs in this personal one-off project. ...
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1answer
2k views

AC detection for microcontroller

I need to monitor the state of multiple relays carrying 110VAC and 60VAC using a microcontroller (I will probably use an Arduino) to ensure the relays are working properly. To do this I have figured ...
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1answer
115 views

Is this use of optocoupler wrong?

This is nearly not exactly how the circuit looks like, but I have a feeling that this circuit could cause problems while working. My feeling is that initially as Q1 would be in ON position, the ...
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3answers
2k views

How to connect a Inductive Proximity Sensor Switch NPN DC6-36V to PIC18F4550 5V

I have got a LJ12A3-4-Z/BX Inductive Proximity Sensor Switch NPN DC6-36V with this Specifications: Model: LJ12A3-4-Z/BX Theory: Inductive Type Sensor Wire Type: Cylindrical DC 3 Wire Type ...
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3answers
101 views

Debugging a PIC16F84A interface with a 4N25 optocoupler

I have a PCB board that I'm trying to repair, the principle of this circuit board is to switch an oven relays one at a time only with a constant rest time, and the switching time is predefined by the ...
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2answers
572 views

connection from an comparator to an optocoupler

I have the circuit below to decode a signal that is defined as Logic high >9.5 V and Logic low <6 V To determine the ...
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2answers
126 views

Opto coupler schematic

I am analyzing following circuit, but I am not getting its flow. In the following schematic SW1 is coming from controller and connected to opto coupler ( cathode of LED ) and J4B is connected to ...
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65 views

Pull up resistor on Schmitt trigger IC input?

I have two different circuits on two different boards. The output of board A, let's say, is optocoupler based and hence, it has a pull up on it. This signal is connected to board B through an ...
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2answers
2k views

Need help with 90vdc PM motor speed control circuit

I recently found a Permanent Magnet 90vdc motor, 2.5hp, 18Amps. It has simply two wires for voltage (red/black) and two for thermal breaker circuit i believe (blue/blue). It came out of an old ...
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1answer
39 views

Opto-isolator flow in following circuit

In the OPTO-Isolator used above, I am not getting flow of ckt. According to my understanding, in case of PS8821-2, RD ( of MC ) will connect to SCL( of TPS2384 ) and MC_SCL ( of MC ) will connect ...
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4answers
85 views

Can an opto-isolated input be analog?

Title says it all: can an opto-isolated input be analog or are they intrinsically digital? Why: I am looking to purchase a relay control board and am deciding between a few options. Here is my ...
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3answers
113 views

When do we prefer isolator over optocoupler?

Today I have learned that a device called "isolator" exists (eg: SI8712CC-B-IS). Its function is very similar to the optocoupler's. On the good side, it is much much faster. While it is very hard to ...
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1answer
53 views

Explain operation of solid-state relay

Link for Datasheet: http://www.ixysic.com/home/pdfs.nsf/www/CPC1230N.pdf/$file/CPC1230N.pdf This is the relay I am using in my circuit, but I am not getting how it connects/disconnects and flow of ...
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4answers
146 views

Relay alternatives that are silent and support 500mA+

What can I use as a silent "general-purpose" relay alternative? There are various scenarios where I will need a relay-like device that allows me to control one circuit with a separate isolated ...
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2answers
47 views

Do I need a current limiting resistor for MAX383 digital logic?

I'm trying to control a MAX383 analog switch using a Raspberry Pi, through an optocoupler (Sharp PC817), to separate digital logic from the analog section. On the analog side, I will have a bipolar ...
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1answer
38 views

LED with opto-isolator does not work

schematic_1 schematic_2 schematic_3 If I wired like schematic_1, L1 and L2 are lighting. But, in schematic_2, L1 is not lighting even though L2 is lighting. When I wired in series as ...
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1answer
800 views

How to sense 24V AC (Thermostat) with a 5V Microcontroller

I'd like to detect thermostat events (heat, fan, ac etc) with an Arduino. I've done quite a bit of investigation but haven't found a definitive solution. Most projects I see involve controlling the ...
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2answers
102 views

Under what conditions does an optocoupler work fastest?

I want to use the optocoupler FODM452R2 in my design. I want this optocoupler to run as fast as it can (i.e.; work with minimum propagation delay and least rise/fall times). What is the optimum R1, R2 ...
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1answer
106 views

Normally closed SSR won't work with grounding out a magneto's primary to ground

I've been trying to find a device that will ground out a magneto's coil (primary kill wire) in a normally closed state without using a mechanical relay because I want my circuit to be all solid state. ...
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94 views

Is it possible to use capacitor for isolation instead of optocoupler?

I designed a Buck converter which drives several LEDs. The PWM signal, which has a certain fixed duty cycle, is generated by a 555 timer IC. The circuit which drives the Buck MOSFET, including the ...
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1answer
79 views

Water pump with opto-isolator MOC3063M and triac BT137

I have designed a circuit for water pump. Please correct me if I am wrong with schematics. The idea is to to switch on/off AC motor pump with 230V and 7.5A, when water is detected. I have used ...
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1answer
97 views

Arduino controlling high voltage DC source, Opto-Isolator

I need to create a circuit that I can use an Arduino to control a 400~500 DC voltage source. I am not used to opto-isolators, but I was thinking about using it to separate both systems. But I cant ...
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26 views

How can I control an IR204E in a PK543A to remotely operate this apartment door buzzer? (What relay do I need?)

My apartment door 'suite station' (buzzer) is a TekTone IR204E (pdf). It has an option for talk, listen, and open door. It contains four wires labeled 1, 2, 3, and X. My research leads me to believe ...
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1answer
51 views

How does this motor drive circuit work?

The Drive terminals are connected to a PWM signal generated by an arduino micro controller. The purpose of this circuit is to isolate the arduino from the motors to avoid too much current being drawn. ...
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1answer
20 views

Cell Voltage Relaying in a Battery Management System

Question: If I have 48 lithium cells connected in series as a pack, how would I best go about physically implementing a system to measure, isolate, and relay cell voltages to a centrally managed ...
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0answers
68 views

Dimming SSR Circuit - Verification

I am designing an SSR circuit for the purpose of controlling Christmas lights. Specifically I have the following two goals. Switching & Dimming incandescent strings Switching LED strings - I ...
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3answers
102 views

Very wide range high voltage measurement with optical isolation

I have a voltage source I'd like to measure, it is from 0V to 1kV, any value in that range. The accuracy isn't that important, but measuring with an accuracy with 1-5% would be perfect. This has to be ...
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501 views

How to combine PC's power and HDD LEDs?

I'm going to buy a PC tower case which has only one LED intended to be used as the power LED, thus no HDD LED is available. My intention is to have that single LED at about 50% of its intensity when ...
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63 views

Can I create a totem-pole structure by using two optocouplers?

I have two optocouplers. One of them uses NPN transistor and the other one uses PNP. Each of them explicitly give the base pin of their BJTs out. Can I make a totem pole structure by connecting them ...
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5answers
2k views

Using an Opto-Isolator to detect 120VAC on a Microcontroller

I am designing a system where I need to know whether or not 120VAC is present on a specific wire. The system is in line with a fuel pump system, and I need to check to see whether or not the pump is ...
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3answers
5k views

TRIAC dimmer, circuit design help (resistive load)

Okay guys, I've been tasked with making a light-dimming control system for a 240V heat lamp dissipating around 250W. I need to adjust the heat output on the lamp by control from a microprocessor. I'm ...
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2answers
142 views

Need an optocoupler for getting directly proportional output galvanically isolated from the DC input

I want to use an optocoupler to linearly step down a DC voltage which willy vary from 0V to 400V. That is, I want the output to be directly proportional to the input and I want it to be galvanically ...
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2answers
182 views

Detecting Zero Crossing of Mains (Sine and Square Wave)

I need to design a circuit that can measure and output pulses for a MCU at zero crossing of 220VAC waveforms. The application requires that that both square wave waveforms and sine-waves should work. ...
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3answers
164 views

Operation of PC817

I am studying a DC-DC converter circuit design which has PC817 photocoupler in it. I am confused with the way PC817 behaves. My friend says that it is an analog photocoupler. I have tested it myself ...
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2answers
266 views

Opto-coupled RS-232 receive circuit

I am looking into a implementing a low-cost RS-232/422 opto-coupled receive circuit. The aim is surge protection and tolerance to DC offsets. The challenge is that the inputs should be completely ...
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3answers
1k views

Optocoupler | Why a resistor is required in the collector?

In this circuit, if the resistor in the collector R1 is 0 Ohms, the circuit doesn't work. That is, the output will be 12V DC signal as it is from the battery. And if R1 is non-zero, then the circuit ...
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1answer
77 views

How to use LM56 to switch on/off a 2kW heater

I have an oil heater at 220V/2000W so lets say 10A. I was thinking of creating a circuit to switch the oil heater on/off with a LM56 (http://www.ti.com/product/lm56). Is it possible using a relay or ...
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2answers
101 views

Optoisolation and Mosfet combo

I want to switch a Thermoelectric Peltier Cooler (TEC1-12705) (12V - 77 Watts) using an Uno. I am an engineer but not an EE so I could use some guidance on circuit setup. There was a very good ...
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1answer
206 views

Two circuits with different voltages - should I use a transistor or an optocoupler as a switch

I am doing a project using the output of a Raspberry Pi GPIO pin (3.3V) to power a 12V remote control. If the two are on different circuits, can I use a transistor to switch on the 12V circuit or do ...
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1answer
86 views

Using PS2501A-1-A Optocoupler. Need help understanding datasheet

I'm experimenting with circuits to trigger my camera shutter and camera flash. My plan is to build a 2-stage trigger for high speed photography that triggers the camera a fraction of a second before ...
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3answers
95 views

Safe microcontroller input from 8.4V circuit

I have an airsoft rifle which uses an 8.4V battery to drive a motor when the trigger is pulled. The circuit is that simple, just a battery, motor and switch - there's also a 15A fuse. I want my ...
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0answers
76 views

Optocoupler for AC to DC current sensor

I am designing an AC to DC current converter. The specifications are as follows: input: 0 to 5A output: 4 to 20mA supply: 230VAC Now I want to isolate the input and output. What would be a ...
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1answer
324 views

Optocoupler (Analog or Digital)

I have got few analog and digital signal that needs to be galvanically isolated. I am thinking to use H11F1M for analog signals. I am not sure how to rig-up the circuit using this device. Specifically ...
2
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2answers
670 views

Creating an opto isolator board for Raspberry Pi

I have a relay board which I bought from dx.com and I am not sure about its reliability. If it fails, then it may harm my Pi right? So I googled around and read that opto isolator provide complete ...
2
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2answers
203 views

Simple light bulb operated by button and optoisolator triac

I'm new to the world of electronics and I have a quite simple question. Can I control my light bulb with something like this schema? Power source is regular AC 230V (~320Vrms) source. Here is ...
3
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1answer
328 views

Optoisolator always on on the high-voltage side

I am building a simplified version of this circuit: As far as I can tell, it is a pretty standard design. The load will be a dumb resistive heater (this is a sous vide project). For now, the ...