An optoelectronic device which combines an optical transmitter and receiver in a single package; commonly used in galvanic-isolated control applications such as power supplies.

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51 views

MIDI IN : many circuits

I'm building a MIDI IN to serial port RX cicruit (for Raspberry Pi, or Arduino, or anything else...) using a 6N138 optoisolator. But I find many different circuits, I don't know why there are so ...
4
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2answers
149 views

How are the values for the resistances and capacitor chosen in the circuit below

In the circuit shown, the optocopuler is used as a solid state relay and the triac acts as a switch. i would like to know how the resistor values and capacitor value was chosen.
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1answer
43 views

closing a circuit programatically if ground can't be interrupted

I need to be able to "push" a button on a control panel using python and an arduino board. My problem here is that the button in question, when depressed, sends 16 vdc to an outgoing wire that ...
2
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2answers
29 views

Switching polarity of rectified AC power with a microcontroller

I am trying to create a circuit that will allow me to control the polarity of the current flowing through a coil in order to attract or repel a magnet. I would like to use two MOSFETs in series since ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Difference between Zero-Crossing Optoisolator and Regular Optoisolator

I am trying to find any documentation on what the purpose is of a Zero-Crossing Circuit TRIAC Optoisolator. The datasheets don't explain the concept well enough. If you do answer, please include ...
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1answer
6k views

Choosing components for a triac's snubber

I'm interfacing the BT139-600 TRIAC with this MOC3051-M Opto-triac. I want to build a snubber circuit for the TRIAC as shown in the MOC3051M opto-triac's datasheet @ page 8, figure 12. The load ...
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2answers
72 views

Is this the behavior of a broken mosfet?

I designed this circuit to switch on/off 8 solenoid valves for a programmable dancing fountain that I am building. The GPIO is coming from a Raspberry Pi. VCC is coming from a 12V deep cycle car ...
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35 views

Replace photodiode by optocoupler

My audio receiver which has a room-to-room interface. This is basically an input where a photodiode gets plugged into that can be placed in a different room that the user doesn't have a visual ...
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1answer
83 views

Why do they put some optocouplers in 6-pin packages?

Example: It is obvious that an optocoupler which provides a pin for the base of the internal transistor (e.g.; PS2621) cannot be in a 4-pin device. My question is not about this kind of ...
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1answer
65 views

Why do we prefer zero-crossing optotriacs for driving triacs?

I usually see a special type of optotriac which has internal zero-crossing detection circuit in it. This type of optotriac is generally used for driving triacs. But, I don't understand its necessity. ...
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2answers
47 views

6N137 Isolating Ground

I am trying to control speed of a DC motor using PWM. To reduce coupling of motor noise onto my electronics, I am using a separate power supply for both(LED and Phototransistor) and am planning to ...
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3answers
97 views

220VAC to TTL converter

I'm building a circuit that sends TTL level signal to uP whether AC signal exists or not. The schematic is as follows: Actually, the circuit almost works as I expect; however, there occurs some ...
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0answers
34 views

Sense continuity in cable and lock with MCU

I'm building a "smart" cable lock system where the user will put a steel fitting attached to the end of a steel cable into a lock aperture, after which the presence of the steel fitting needs to be ...
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3answers
231 views

Is this use of optocoupler wrong?

This is nearly not exactly how the circuit looks like, but I have a feeling that this circuit could cause problems while working. My feeling is that initially as Q1 would be in ON position, the ...
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5answers
721 views

Why are optoisolators white?

I've noticed that most of the opto-isolators (optocouplers, opto-triacs) have a white package. Why is that?
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1answer
62 views

Need to choose between 48 solenoids, trying to design a proper circuit to do so

I am in the process of designing a project that will allow a Raspberry Pi to "print" to an old (60s) electric typewriter. I have decided to have a push-solenoid for each key (24V), for 48 total keys. ...
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1answer
99 views

Wired vs SMD resistor on 230V optocoupler input

For circuits similar to the one below, we used large wire resistors with proper power rating in our past designs. The question came up, if it would be a good idea to replace the resistor with SMD ...
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1answer
150 views

Circuit for supporting, common anode AND cathode RGB LED Matrices

I'm designing a driver / controller board for 8x8 RGB LED Matrices that then can be daisy chained to e.g. make an 16x64 Matrix or so. So I came up with a couple of designs that I've tested and so ...
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2answers
116 views

arduino: turn on-off a 12V cpu fan with optocoupler

I wish to use a simple way to turn on-off a 4 wire cpu fan using a digital output of the Arduino board. Since even with PWM=0 the fan works at 30% of the full speed, i have to find a way to cut off ...
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30 views

What are the main differences between 4n25 and SFH6156-2T optocouplers?

I'm looking for a 4 pin surface mount equivalent to a 4n25 optocoupler. I'm really not sure what to look for when comparing the data sheets of each optocoupler and I want to try avoid purchasing the ...
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2answers
2k views

Arduino Uno with 12V pump: transistor or optocoupler+12V relay?

I'm not a real expert in electronics but I'm going to start a new project that has completely captured me. I need to drive a 12V pump with my Arduino Uno. The pump is "Dp0102" (12V, 0.7A). To power ...
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2answers
86 views

Optoisolator not turning off

I'm using an optoisolator for high side switching a Nixie tube. For some reason, the optoisolator is not fully turning off, allowing the a very minimal amount of current to flow through the Nixie ...
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1answer
67 views

Need help on proper circuit connection

I am trying to test IGBT switching using the following circuit but the IGBT smoked out. I am using MSP430 with g2553 chip, NMK0505SAC dc-dc converter, FOD3184 optocoupler and IRG4BC20UD. Please help ...
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1answer
122 views

high speed optocoupler circuit

I have 4n35 optocouplers, I am using these to isolate a motor driver circuit and the Arduino controlling it. I put one on the slave select pin and one on the tx line to the motor controller (there is ...
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2answers
145 views

How to drive an IGBT with an optocoupler?

What's the proper schematic for driving the IGBT (IRG4BC20UD) from a microcontroller (MSP430-g2553) pin through the optocoupler (FOD3184)? I am going to design a full bridge inverter to drive 9W CFLs ...
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1answer
826 views

MOC3010 & BT136 with Arduino as trigger to power AC light

I've spend days debugging this circuit and have exhausted all possible solutions. I'm trying to use an Arduino PWM pin to light a 120V AC lightbulb. In order to do this I'm using a MOC3010 ...
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1answer
123 views

Will replacing the MOC3024 with MOC3021 make any change

I'm student of 10th grade and new to electronics I'm trying to make a switch to control appliances which runs on AC mains and I don't want to use any relay see the circuit diagram from the link to ...
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2answers
110 views

Optocouplers for purposes other than galvanic isolation?

In the diagram below there are two modules, A and B, which are separated by a physical distance of about 15m. Module A has a 12V DC power input. Module A powers module B (they share a common ground). ...
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4answers
3k views

How could I create two separate ground areas with Proteus?

I need to design a PCB layout to a system using an isolated communication with optocouplers, what means that I need separated ground areas, each one on one side of the communication that I want to ...
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0answers
104 views

Using an optocoupler to put an AC signal on a DC bias

Expanding from this question Can an opto-isolated input be analog?: Can you use an optocoupler to take an AC signal and attach it to a DC bias? More specifically, can you take something like a 1V ...
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2answers
144 views

Solid state relay (or equivalent/alternative) to drive 6V DC from a 3.3V micro

I have to open/close two wire from a closed device. I cannot open due to it's under warranty, and the only part that I can open and modify is an external button that connects the two wires. Firstly I ...
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4answers
312 views

Sensing analog voltage on Arduino without loading the input circuit

I want to design a voltage divider for my Arduino Analog input pin, to be able to sense the change in voltage in a 9V, 250mA circuit (without loading it). Ive programmed the Arduino so that as soon ...
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1answer
78 views

Application of AC optocoupler [closed]

I found this circuit for an AC optocoupler: For this circuit, what would be the criteria to choose the correct resistors and capacitors? Why were these values chosen? How do I select the right ...
3
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2answers
139 views

Are IC sockets suitable for mains voltage?

I need to derive a low-voltage galvanically isolated 50 Hz signal from 230 V mains. I'll use an opto-isolator for this. I'd like to use IC sockets for all ICs in this personal one-off project. ...
5
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1answer
2k views

AC detection for microcontroller

I need to monitor the state of multiple relays carrying 110VAC and 60VAC using a microcontroller (I will probably use an Arduino) to ensure the relays are working properly. To do this I have figured ...
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3answers
5k views

How to connect a Inductive Proximity Sensor Switch NPN DC6-36V to PIC18F4550 5V

I have got a LJ12A3-4-Z/BX Inductive Proximity Sensor Switch NPN DC6-36V with this Specifications: Model: LJ12A3-4-Z/BX Theory: Inductive Type Sensor Wire Type: Cylindrical DC 3 Wire Type ...
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3answers
219 views

Debugging a PIC16F84A interface with a 4N25 optocoupler

I have a PCB board that I'm trying to repair, the principle of this circuit board is to switch an oven relays one at a time only with a constant rest time, and the switching time is predefined by the ...
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2answers
640 views

connection from an comparator to an optocoupler

I have the circuit below to decode a signal that is defined as Logic high >9.5 V and Logic low <6 V To determine the ...
2
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2answers
169 views

Opto coupler schematic

I am analyzing following circuit, but I am not getting its flow. In the following schematic SW1 is coming from controller and connected to opto coupler ( cathode of LED ) and J4B is connected to ...
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2answers
157 views

Pull up resistor on Schmitt trigger IC input?

I have two different circuits on two different boards. The output of board A, let's say, is optocoupler based and hence, it has a pull up on it. This signal is connected to board B through an ...
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2answers
3k views

Need help with 90vdc PM motor speed control circuit

I recently found a Permanent Magnet 90vdc motor, 2.5hp, 18Amps. It has simply two wires for voltage (red/black) and two for thermal breaker circuit i believe (blue/blue). It came out of an old ...
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1answer
48 views

Opto-isolator flow in following circuit

In the OPTO-Isolator used above, I am not getting flow of ckt. According to my understanding, in case of PS8821-2, RD ( of MC ) will connect to SCL( of TPS2384 ) and MC_SCL ( of MC ) will connect ...
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4answers
194 views

Can an opto-isolated input be analog?

Title says it all: can an opto-isolated input be analog or are they intrinsically digital? Why: I am looking to purchase a relay control board and am deciding between a few options. Here is my ...
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3answers
136 views

When do we prefer isolator over optocoupler?

Today I have learned that a device called "isolator" exists (eg: SI8712CC-B-IS). Its function is very similar to the optocoupler's. On the good side, it is much much faster. While it is very hard to ...
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64 views

Explain operation of solid-state relay

Link for Datasheet: http://www.ixysic.com/home/pdfs.nsf/www/CPC1230N.pdf/$file/CPC1230N.pdf This is the relay I am using in my circuit, but I am not getting how it connects/disconnects and flow of ...
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4answers
184 views

Relay alternatives that are silent and support 500mA+

What can I use as a silent "general-purpose" relay alternative? There are various scenarios where I will need a relay-like device that allows me to control one circuit with a separate isolated ...
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2answers
86 views

Do I need a current limiting resistor for MAX383 digital logic?

I'm trying to control a MAX383 analog switch using a Raspberry Pi, through an optocoupler (Sharp PC817), to separate digital logic from the analog section. On the analog side, I will have a bipolar ...
0
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1answer
45 views

LED with opto-isolator does not work

schematic_1 schematic_2 schematic_3 If I wired like schematic_1, L1 and L2 are lighting. But, in schematic_2, L1 is not lighting even though L2 is lighting. When I wired in series as ...
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1answer
1k views

How to sense 24V AC (Thermostat) with a 5V Microcontroller

I'd like to detect thermostat events (heat, fan, ac etc) with an Arduino. I've done quite a bit of investigation but haven't found a definitive solution. Most projects I see involve controlling the ...
2
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2answers
172 views

Under what conditions does an optocoupler work fastest?

I want to use the optocoupler FODM452R2 in my design. I want this optocoupler to run as fast as it can (i.e.; work with minimum propagation delay and least rise/fall times). What is the optimum R1, R2 ...