Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are composed of a sandwich of alternating layers of insulating substrate and conducting copper layers. The copper layers are etched to form connecting tracks between components as well as earth/ground or power planes. The simplest PCB has one substrate layer and one ...

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42 views

Altium via ring vs. hole clearance rule

I would like to setup different clearance rules for via hole vs the via pad (ring) in Altium. The context is that i am removing unconnected via pads on the inner layers and my board house has ...
5
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3answers
100 views

For a 4 layers PCB (with ground plane), covering with ground polygon on Layer 1&4 necessary?

For a single or double layered PCB board, usually I will cover all the empty spaces in the layout with Ground. This is the 1st time I am designing a 4 layer PCB layout. Layer 1: top signal (high ...
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1answer
47 views

How do I make a through-hole via? [duplicate]

Using a simple PCB with copper on both sides but naturally in between, is it feasible for a hobbyist to make through-hole vias like this: It seems there is copper in the via itself, isn't there? ...
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0answers
26 views

Eagle swap layers

I would like to swap two layers in the my 4 layer PCB. For example currently the ground plane is the Bottom layer, is there a way to take all the signals in layer 2 and move them to the Bottom layer ...
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0answers
92 views

PCB Ground and Power Plane Design Guidelines

I am converting a design from through hole components to SMT components. The schematic is identica, except the maximum allowable current through an onboard a relay will be halved from 20A to 10A. ...
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1answer
152 views

PCB Stackup - Current return path

It is a well known fact that high speed signal would have return current path on the plane right beneath it's PCB trace. Suppose we have 4 layer stackup, SIG-GND-PWR-SIG with dielectrics ...
3
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1answer
62 views

What are “slash sheets”, and how do they relate to PCB substrates?

I am trying to specify the stackup for a PCB. Previously I have used whatever the board house considered to be their "standard" stackup. This time I am looking at using FR-408 (pdf) because of its ...
12
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2answers
524 views

Is it proper to use an internal layer as a heat bed if I want to warm my multilayer PCB?

I need to design a circuit to warm my PCB. There are many ways to build up such circuit. But I learned from a post "Warming PCB in a low temperature environment" that maybe I can use traces as heater. ...
4
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3answers
142 views

Is it possible to create a double layer PCB by gluing together two single layer PCBs?

I'm really in a hurry with a university project. I need to finish the first prototype of an electronics board by the end of the week. It's a through hole board, no SMD. Having just single sided ...
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3answers
128 views

PCB design few questions

Quick couple of questions, I am designing my first PCB and want to have a few boards prototyped with OSH Park. For a board I will be manually soldering components to, will I need to include a tCream ...
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1answer
57 views

PCB stackup for Mixed-Signal IC

I need to design high-density board with MCU, external RAM, GPS, GSM, Bluetooth, CAN, RGB interface on small size(5x10cm) and got into thinking which stackup should I use. Currently I have almost ...
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1answer
206 views

Assigning mechanical layers in Altium

I've just recently started designing my first PCB using Altium but am confused with the mechanical layers. I have a 4-layer board, and am placing components on both the top and bottom side (Through ...
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1answer
124 views

Understanding PCB layer stack-up shorthand notation [2:(1(2+345*67)*16):7]

I was given a PCB layer stackup specification like this: [2:(1(2+345*67)*16):7] For an 8 layer blind via setup. Could someone provide a reference to decode this ...
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1answer
53 views

Altium Connections

In Altium, does a multilayer Pad with the same net as a plane (internal ground plane in this case) automatically connect to that plane, or is a separate via required?
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1answer
74 views

How does this USB capacitive touch light circuit work? You can touch anywhere and it turns on, not just the electrode

Here are some pics of the circuit board. Now I'm not asking how the circuit works, I understand that. There is a capacitive touch sensor IC where the shiny electrode you see on top connects to the ...
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1answer
210 views

Connecting to a split plane in Altium

I am using Altium 14.0.9. I have a split plane on my inner layer of a 4 layer PCB. This split plane is connected to the net C6_2. It is basically 2 polygons on my ...
3
votes
4answers
662 views

Return path on a PCB

I've spent the weekend absorbing video lectures from Eric Bogatin and reading his book "Signal and Power Integrity - Simplified" He states that the the return path for the PCB may be any DC plane ...
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4answers
166 views

PCB Ground Plane

I am designed a PCB in Eagle and I am new to doing this. I have created a ground plane on the bottom layer that covers the whole board but I still have a few traces running through the bottom layer ...
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0answers
164 views

Single or dual ground plane for SMPS DC-DC converter?

I'm working on DC-DC converter prototype using dual layer PCB. Layout it finished using bottom layer as ground plane. Question is does make any sense to put on top layer also ground. How that can ...
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1answer
51 views

VCC powerplane layout

On a 4 layer stackup with signals routed on top/bottom; 2nd layer VCC powerplane; 3rd layer GND powerplane. How should the VCC powerplane be layed out? Should it be surrounded with a few mm of GND ...
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2answers
205 views

Mixed Signal PCB, 2 or 4 Layer?

I'm currently designing a mixed-signal PCB for a client and I've been reading a lot about signal integrity and most of the books recommend a 4 layer board (or more) because of the noise resistance ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Eagle tStop pad colliding with other pads

As you can see from the image, the tStop layer is colliding/wildly close with other tStop pad layer. Is that a cause of concern? IC is Linear Technology battery management IC - LTC4155. Package is ...
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4answers
477 views

PCB Tinning to increase current

How can I design a PCB in order for it to have this kind of PCB Tinning finish? I do know this decreases the resistance of the tracks and increases the amount of current it can handle however Do I ...
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2answers
1k views

Enabling extra routing layers in Eagle (paid version) PCB design

I started a PCB design in the freeware version of Eagle, now I have the full version, but it won't let me route tracks to the extra route layers (i.e: only top and bottom). Starting a new design in ...
2
votes
3answers
547 views

Can differential USB traces be routed relative to Power (not Ground) planes?

I would like to route my USB 2.0 (12MHz) signal on the bottom layer of a 4-layer PCB. However, the edge-coupled microstrips would then be referenced to the power plane, not the ground plane. The ...
2
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3answers
309 views

What is the best way to plate VIAs?

My local hackerspace has a CNC machine. I can give them my Gerbers and they can print out the PCB. The machine does not plate VIAs. I need to do this after the CNC machine is finished. What is the ...
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2answers
882 views

Gerber - is my understanding of solder mask layer (GTS / GBS) correct?

I've just had a PCB manufactured for me, but it seems like the solder mask is only applied to where the copper is. I'm trying to figure out if it's my fault or not. According to my understanding ...
2
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1answer
82 views

EAGLE: Delete internal layers

I'm doing a Layout and I have some problems deleting an internal layer. As you can see in the pictures below I have 4 layers (1, 2, 15, 16). But somehow I also have a layer called Route 3 (3). I get ...
7
votes
2answers
384 views

PCB's and designing power connections

I've designed a few PCB's now, but never put much thought into good practices. They were small boards and most of the emphasis was put into just making sure everything that needed to be connected was ...
3
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1answer
921 views

Hide particular airwires/nets in eagle

Is it possible to hide particular airwires in eagle, without hiding all of them? So if there's a net I am not currently interested in, but it has a lot of connections, confusing where other airwires ...
1
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1answer
130 views

8-Layer Stackup question

Alright. I was given the task to design an analog design board which contains lots of opamps, some CMOS switches and some ADCs/DACs. It also contains 4 separate power supplies (each supplying +5V and ...
11
votes
4answers
830 views

PCB, pads with holes but with different nets on top and bottom sides

I need pads with holes in by PCB, but the top and bottom side of the pads need to have different nets i.e. the top and bottom sides must be isolated. Here is the picture Is this possible to fabricate ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

When is it theoretically possible to fit PCB circuit on x Layers (emphasis: x =1)

When is it theoretically possible to fit a given circuit on a certain number of layers? (Presumably PCB layers.) What is/are the name of the mathematics/algorithms that might determine this, or ...
3
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3answers
733 views

50MHz SPI PCB routing, use vias or resistors?

I am trying to route the SPI between MCU and ADC. However, the pin orders between MCU and ADC are not matched, there are crossings. A four-layer board is used.(signal - ground - power - signal) I ...
4
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1answer
540 views

Calculating differential PCB traces - Edge-Coupled Microstrip

I finally have the microstrip characteristic impedance thing figured out. But now, of course, I need to learn about differential signalling on PCB traces. I've spent some time researching. Here is ...
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2answers
1k views

Which layer of PCB is used to identify cut-out of individual boards within a panel?

Let's say I'm using a software like EagleCAD to create a panel with a few copies of a design (or even different designs). There is a "Dimension" layer (mapped to an Outline layer, e.g., GKO), but ...
3
votes
2answers
473 views

Power origin and power planes placement on PCB

Although there are many similar questions to this one, I wish to get your attention to this specific board layout. The main power on the board will be 5V, and one of the layers is dedicated for ...
7
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4answers
1k views

4 layer PCBs with Fritzing

Can you use Fritzing to create a 4 layer pcb? Also, in real life, what is the maximum limit of layers we can use to create pcbs? is it 4 layers?
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2answers
201 views

Layout of 4 layer PCB - pour?

I'm working on a 4 layer PCB with internal 2 layers being power and GND... 2 outside layers are signal. Is it better to have a pour on the outside layers or just leave them empty except for the ...
2
votes
2answers
433 views

Tips on routing multiple powers(+5/-5/+15/-15/3.3 and etc. ) for a four-layer PCB

The most tedious thing for me while routing PCBs are the powers. I have made several PCBs of these kind and it seems that I have not learned much from the process. The power connections are always a ...
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1answer
136 views

Correcting printed PCB (add a via)

This board is a prototype for the project and is for testing. It is missing the soldermask and silkscreen layers, so correcting mistakes is very possible. The board was printed correctly, but somehow ...
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votes
2answers
2k views

Connecting copper pours in Cadence (OrCAD) PCB Designer

I'm trying to climb the Cadence learning curve, coming from an Eagle background. My board is four-layer, with a ground plane underneath the top layer. I have a surface mount IC that has an exposed ...
3
votes
4answers
798 views

Import PCB outline made from connected lines from Inkscape

I have designed an outline for a PCB in Inkscape and wish to import it into Eagle, but the guides I have found leave me with lots of little lines in Eagle, not a continuous line, what's more is there ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Altium, it is possible to mirror the silk screen?

I am trying to build a simple PCB at home. It is a single layer PCB, and I would like to transfer the silk screen on the back side, mirrored. But for that, I need to mirror text, etc. To design the ...
2
votes
1answer
526 views

Benefits of top and bottom ground pour in multilayer boards with proper ground plane layers and stackup

I'm trying to get some analytical feeling for the use of ground pours on bottom and top layer in multilayer boards with proper stackups such as (for example). Top Gnd Sig1 Power Power Sig2 Gnd ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

PROTEUS ARES PCB double side Layout - Force bottom side lyout for selected devices

I want to make a double side PCB design in ARES ( I have the desing in ISIS and I know how to do it), but for some specifics devices (Integrtate Circuit Socekts DIL16 and DIL28) I don't how to force ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

PCB Ground and Power Planes

I am desigining a 4-layer PCB with the following stack-up: Signal Top, Ground Plane, Power Plane, Signal Bottom. This is the first PCB I make like this, which includes a noisy SMPS with a switching ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Eagle TI CC2540 Ground Pad?

I have been working on a PCB layout. It's my first time working with Eagle, and my first time prototyping a board. I am using a CC2540. I understand that this uses a RHA package which has a ground ...
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votes
1answer
779 views

6-Layer Stackup for PCI express design

I'm pondering over a stackup for a 6-layer board using a couple of PCIe connected ICs. My first idea was to use the following Stackup: Signal GND Power (Multiple power supplies, so it's a split ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

How to complete 3D Export PCB in Altium

I know how to export a STEP file in Altium, but is there a way to export the whole PCB, just as it is displayed in Altium's screen? I mean with the traces, vias, components, etc.