Sizing a motor for a conveyor - Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange most recent 30 from electronics.stackexchange.com 2019-08-24T22:25:07Z https://electronics.stackexchange.com/feeds/question/422211 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/rdf https://electronics.stackexchange.com/q/422211 2 Sizing a motor for a conveyor vasiqshair https://electronics.stackexchange.com/users/43649 2019-02-14T03:34:17Z 2019-02-19T19:39:34Z <p>There is a plethora of information on motor sizing on the internet discussing the rated voltage, current, torque and power of the motor, and how these parameters should be selected based on the load the motor's driving. Some articles went deeper discussing the moment and the torque. Then, HP = (torque x speed)/5252.</p> <p>But how often is all this information available? If you're sizing a motor for a conveyor in an industrial plant, what other data other than the voltage (likely 480V in north america) and the mass of the load do you have readily available. Companies that manufacture conveyor systems probably have software tools that calculate the motor size for them. </p> <p>But for someone who doesn't have this software, how does one go about determining what size motor they need to drive a 6000lbs load over a conveyor of length 20 feet. Let's assume 1800RPM since that's what most conveyor motors at our plant are, and 480V 3phase across the line start. </p> <p>I guess I could start with calculating the torque required: torque = force x radius. Is the radius in question that of the conveyor roll? And force = mass x acceleration. Mass = 6000lbs. Acceleration = (1800 - 0)/t. Assuming starting from rest and going to full rated speed. Not sure what "t" is since the motor is direct on line start (and not controlled by a VFD so there is no ramp up time)</p> <p>I want to get a good grasp on the subject so a detailed answer would be much appreciated.</p> https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/422211/-/422283#422283 3 Answer by Dave Tweed for Sizing a motor for a conveyor Dave Tweed https://electronics.stackexchange.com/users/11683 2019-02-14T15:13:44Z 2019-02-14T15:26:26Z <p>The torque doesn't have anything to do with accelerating the motor, it's much more about accelerating the load. How fast is your belt moving?</p> <p>You say you have 6000 lb &mdash; presumably that's the total load on the 20 feet of belt at any given time. Suppose your belt is moving at 2 feet/second &mdash; that means that any given bit of load spends 10 seconds on the belt, and that you're adding 600 lb/second to what the belt is carrying. THAT is the mass that needs to be accelerated from 0 to 2 fps, requiring torque from the motor to do so.</p> <p>Multiply those two numbers together, and you get 1200 ft-lb/sec<sup>2</sup>, which is a direct measurement of the force on the belt. Multiply by the radius of the drive roller in order to get the torque, and from there you can figure out the gearing to match it to motor torque and speed (and therefore power).</p> <p>There are other power losses associated with moving the belt, so incorporate a design margin into your final selection. If your conveyor is not level, then you also need to add the force required to lift the load against gravity to your calculation.</p> https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/422211/-/423257#423257 0 Answer by J. Raefield for Sizing a motor for a conveyor J. Raefield https://electronics.stackexchange.com/users/100495 2019-02-19T19:39:34Z 2019-02-19T19:39:34Z <p>It's a mechanical function, not an electrical one. There are mechanical factors you need to know that have nothing to do with the electrical requirements. Once you KNOW the HP required for the task, then the problem shifts to being electrical in nature.</p> <p>For simple inclined Conveyors: HP=((P x B)+(P+M)x F x S)/33,000 Where: B: Sine of angle of incline F: Coefficient of friction HP: Horsepower M: Overall Belt Weight P: Product weight (lbs.) S: Conveyor Speed-Feet per minute</p> <p>None of that is electrical...</p>