# Simple frequency deviation to voltage converter

I have a capacitive sensor connected to a 555 timer wired as an astable multivibrator and the free running frequency is 60kHz. When the capacitance of the sensor changes, the frequency of the 555 also changes. The maximum frequency deviation from the center frequency is 20kHz, i.e lowest frequency (60kHz-20kHz) is 40kHz and I want to convert this frequency deviation to voltage. I need a simple circuit using a 555, OPAMP, transistor etc.

I would prefer not to use the LM331 frequency to voltage converter.

• Does the duty cycle change? Mar 2 '14 at 6:32
• @IgnacioVazquez-Abrams almost constant duty cycle of 50% Mar 2 '14 at 6:33

One simple method is to add a single-shot / monostable vibrator that is triggered by the oscillator. If the mono time is slightly shorter than the period time of the highest frequency ($T = \dfrac{1}{60\text{kHz}}\approx 16.7\text{ms}$), you effectively have a PWM signal that is proportional to the input frequency. 