Jim Dearden's comment is accurate- things like batteries, electrolytic (and some ceramic) capacitors and LCD displays will stop working before it gets too cold for most well-designed semiconductors.
The standard military temperature range is -55°C to +125°C. That does not quite get to the lowest temperature ever observed at Everest nor even come close to the coldest temperatures observed in Antarctica (about -60°C and -90°C respectively), but usually the stuff will work at somewhat colder temperatures with some loss of performance.
Thin air means lower breakdown voltages for air and poorer cooling, so overheating or arcing could be an issue. Worst-case is an altitude of around 150,000 feet. Only a moderate change happens at the sort of altitudes of Everest, which are not much more than the ceiling of a light aircraft.
The worst case terrestrial temperature extremes for electronics are close to absolute zero (-273°C) and about 200°C or more in some geophysical instrumentation. Sometimes things have to work in a hard vacuum, which makes cooling more difficult.