I am given a question relating to a bipolar junction transistor. The information I am given in the question is shown below.

I am first asked to select a quiescent point from the graph to find \$V_{ceq}\$ and \$I_{cq}\$ which I did by choosing the midpoint of the load line giving \$V_{ceq}=10V\$ and \$I_{cq}=12mA\$. I am then asked to find \$I_{bq}\$ using the information I have just calculated and the information from the question.

I am assuming I use the equation \$I_{bq}=\cfrac{I_{cq}}{\beta}\$ but I am unsure of how I work out what \$\beta\$ is without being told it in the question. Or is there another equation I can use to calculate \$I_{bq}\$?

Question and circuit Graph

  • \$\begingroup\$ Your expression for Beta involves 3 terms: Beta, base current and collector current. Do you see any two of them anywhere? \$\endgroup\$ Jun 1, 2014 at 21:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ The graph has plots for collector current at different values, therefore would I work out the value of one that passes through the quiescent point? \$\endgroup\$
    – Gurn64
    Jun 1, 2014 at 21:37

1 Answer 1


You are given values of Ic for different values of Vce and Ib in the graph. That allows you to calculate beta for several different values of Ic at your specific Vce.

Calculate these values of beta (for different Ib at Vce=10V). If they are all the same, you can use that value to determine the base current in your circuit. If they are different, you can curve-fit beta vs Ic for these values of Ib at Vce=10V, and find the beta value for your Ic. Or simply interpolate between the beta values above and below your working point (for Ib=30 and 50ua).

These curves are idealised curves from an idealised transistor, but even so they highlight the fact that Beta is not one single number but a range or a complex function of many parameters including Ib and Vce (it also varies considerably between nominally identical transistors)


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