# Help on determining voltage differences (basic circuit theory)

I am trying to reteach myself basic circuit theory using "Practical Electronics for Inventors 3rd Edition" by Scherz and Monk.

I am working an example in which it asks to calculate the voltage difference between a variety of points (I have included a diagram below. Please note that I could not find the typical ground symbol I'm used to , so I had to use the one provided under the name GND). The example asks to find the voltage difference between points: A and C (denoted as V[sub]AC[/sub]), B and D, A and D, and B and C. Now the book lists the voltage difference between A and C as plus +3 volts and the voltage difference between A and D as +12 V, then turns around and lists the voltage between B and C as +9 volts.

I don't see how they are getting the figure for the voltage between B and C (I keep calculating -9V by the way the other two voltages were calculated). simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

• To clarify, I do realize that point C is +9 V higher than the common ground. I just don't see how it stays mathematically consistent with the voltage difference between A and C. – Johnq Jun 22 '14 at 0:10
• B and D are both ground. I.e., B and D are physically connected. Ergo, the difference between B and C is the same as the difference between D and C. – Majenko Jun 22 '14 at 0:22

## 1 Answer

You're entirely correct. $V_{BC} = -9V$

Re-arranging the schematic may make it more clear. Voltage difference from A to C is 12V - 9V = 3V because BAT2 is pointed in the same direction we're traveling from A to C.

The book probably just made a typo and meant $V_{CB} = +9V$. Note that typos are quite common in many textbooks I learned from. Be especially wary of first editions. They haven't had a bunch of students/professors sending in all the corrections yet in the first editions. You would hope by the third edition, someone would have cared enough to fix it. simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

• Thank you. It concerns me because I've viewed a couple errata for this text (and one of them for this edition). None of them seem to note this error, which made me doubt myself. I can't seem to find any consistency in how the authors work this example in part because this setup in particular is part b of an example which I still seem to find more inconsistencies in. Regardless, thank you very much. My sanity owes you. – Johnq Jun 22 '14 at 0:42