I would like to generate ca. 12.5V, 8-10A, DC power from an incoming voltage between 50 and 400 DC that has been rectified from 3-phase AC coming from a brushless motor acting as a dynamo. I will smoothen out the rectified DC with some capacitors. I'm not worrying about filtering the various stages yet.
I have 10 of these very cheap voltage regulator modules: http://www.aliexpress.com/item/Free-Shipping-10pcs-LM2596-LM2596S-DC-DC-4-5-40V-adjustable-step-down-power-Supply-module/1475560768.html
Datasheet here: http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/lm2596.pdf
I have already tried setting them up with serially connected inputs (to split the high input voltage). When serially connecting ONLY the inputs of 10 LM2596S modules, applying e.g. 140V to the whole chain of modules and then measuring individual outputs, it seem to work in that each module gives the desired output voltage.
But both from further experimentation (I now have 8 functioning modules left ;) and subsequent perusing of other Q&A here (doh!), I learned that parallel wired outputs of an non-isolated buck regulator, such as the LM2596S, is a no-go for several good reasons.
My (first) question then becomes: What about serially connecting the outputs in stead? E.g. 10x 1.25V (it is the LM2596S adjustable version which go down to 1.2V on the output) to get 12.5V? I have read somewhere that serial connecting the outputs of buck regulators when adding schottky diodes between them might be possible(?).
But even if this works, It seems that I might also hit an possible input/output voltage differential limit of the LM2596. E.g. assuming the range is 4:1 (the TI data sheet does not specify, IFAIK), the modules will only produce my desired output voltages if the input voltage is between 1.25V+1.5V= approx 2.75V (or a bit more) and 4x1.25V=5V, meaning the incoming rectified DC must stay over 27.5V and below 50V in the case of 10 serially connected modules. Otherwise the output voltage will start to rise above 1.25V from each module, if each get more than 5V individually, and as a consequence also the total serially added-up output voltage will rise above 12.5V (which I don't want). Right? Anyone knows if the LM2596S has this voltage differential limit?
Is there another way to re-use the LM2596S modules I have by e.g. putting them in some cascading or interleaving configuration with or without additional components? Or am I better off discarding the LM2596S modules and finding a completely different solution to the problem of adjusting down the variable 50-400V DC input to constant 12.5V DC output?