0
\$\begingroup\$

What is the best way to light 10 POWER-LEDs with AC mains (220V)?

(I want to make an LED lamp.)


Here is more info:

I have 10 of these POWER-LEDs:

1W POWER LED

  • Product Chip: 40x40 mil
  • Chip Brand: EVERLIGHT-Taiwan
  • Lumens: 90-100LM
  • Voltage: 3.2-3.4V
  • Current: 300-350mA
  • Viewing angle: 140 degrees

And I have soldered all of them in series (with heat sink).

\$\endgroup\$
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Yes, you can, but that would be a very bad idea for safety. \$\endgroup\$ – Vladimir Cravero Aug 13 '14 at 10:19
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to this community. Unfortunately there is not enough information to give you an answer and you question may be closed quickly because of this. Please edit your question and add more information about your exact LED model for instance. \$\endgroup\$ – Blup1980 Aug 13 '14 at 10:20
  • \$\begingroup\$ Dear Vladimir Cravero. It will be a lamp. A light bulb. and cannot be touched . So there is no reason to be worried about its safety. \$\endgroup\$ – AHB Aug 13 '14 at 12:23
  • \$\begingroup\$ @BlueSky When dealing with AC mains, safety is always a factor. Don't take AC mains lightly. \$\endgroup\$ – Funkyguy Aug 13 '14 at 13:13
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ My English is not well ('it cant be touched' means nobody will touch the tracks on the PCB). I thought you have realized it ! You say that it's dangerous? So I'll never use Capacitive Power Supplies . Now I edited my question . please read it if you want. \$\endgroup\$ – AHB Aug 13 '14 at 16:42
1
\$\begingroup\$

Ten in series will require 32V-34VDC at 300-350mA, or worst case just about 12W. You'll need a stepdown transformer from 240VAC to 36VAC at 350mA, and you'll need a half-wave rectifier (do NOT use a full-wave rectifier unless you use a 24V transformer!) good for 50V @ 350mA, and you'll need one stabilizing power resistor capable of dropping about 2V at 350mA (about 5.7 ohms), rated for 12W.

I mentioned a full-wave rectifier. You COULD use a full bridge rectifier with a 24VAC transformer secondary - that'd get you 24*1.414!=34V, but then you wouldn't have any room for the stabilizing power resistor so you'd be running on blind faith unless you removed ONE of those LEDs from the circuit and replaced it with an equivalent power resistor.

Do remember... this whole assembly will generate a significant amount of heat, and you have to get rid of that heat somehow or you'll overheat the LEDs and the resistor.

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ No capacitors needed? I'll use a 24VAC transformer and 9 LEDs. then how much resistance should the stabilizer resistor have ? \$\endgroup\$ – AHB Aug 14 '14 at 4:56
  • \$\begingroup\$ Tthe stabilizer resistor should have about 87.5 Ohms. So Is this schematic the answer ?? \$\endgroup\$ – AHB Aug 14 '14 at 5:09
  • \$\begingroup\$ Nearly. It'll need a stepdown transformer between the 240VAC and the bridge rectifier, though. \$\endgroup\$ – TDHofstetter Aug 14 '14 at 11:05
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes, I forgot to add transformer in schematic. \$\endgroup\$ – AHB Aug 14 '14 at 11:15

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.