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for my current project I do research regarding indoor-localization and I try to use the RSSI from my wifi to calculate the distance between smartphone and access point.

I heared that:

  1. ) this procedure depends on the orientation and position of the receiving antenna.

  2. ) On the other hand multipath effects are not relevant.

Because I do not know much about antennas I would like to ask if these 2 statements are correct or where can I read more about them.

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The advice you've heard is not correct for WiFi signals for this purpose. Multipath effects occur when the path of one portion of the signal is slightly delayed due to reflection and especially for indoor localization, the effect is pronounced. Orientation of the receiving antenna absolutely affects RSSI for WiFi. You can easily demonstrate this for yourself with a laptop computer. Note the RSSI for a local access point signal, and then rotate your computer in quarter turn increments in the horizontal plane. You will likely find that the RSSI will vary greatly. For that reason, the typical approach is to attempt to map location based on the relative strengths of multiple WiFi Access Point (AP) signals instead. See this paper for relevant details.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Very nice answer +1 \$\endgroup\$ – user127416 Oct 21 '16 at 14:06

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