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I want to make a multiplexer for my project which needs 24v dc to operate. I am using an OR Gate IC for generating an output. My 4 gate inputs are connected to 6V battery power and I am getting a 6V output. I want to use a relay for converting 6v into 24v but I am facing the problem that the output current of multiplexer is very low, in micro Amps and it is not able to activate a relay. How can I increase the current for activating relay. I can not use high current on the input because it can harm IC.

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    \$\begingroup\$ Please post a schematic of what you are trying to do. You can bring up a schematic editor by typing Ctrl-M inside your question edit box. \$\endgroup\$
    – tcrosley
    Aug 16, 2014 at 5:28

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First things first: As tcrosley says, we would need a schematic. It is unclear why you are even using a logic gate of all inputs are connected to 6V power. It seems like you may be misunderstanding how a logic gate functions. The output will not be the sum current at the inputs. When the gate output is active, it will be at the specified voltage and able to provide the specified current. If you are trying to use the OR gate to activate the relay when any of its inputs is high, that is a different story, and definitely an appropriate use.

That said, generally speaking this is one of the most common uses of a BJT: current amplification. Generally in what I think your case is, you would use an NPN with the base driven by the logic gate output.

In the below schematic, the OR gate is whatever circuit you have mentioned. The relay I have driven from the same 6V supply you reference but it could be anything as long as it can share the same ground plane (not entirely true but for simplicity we will leave it at that). R1 is a current limiting/bias resistor to the transistor and R2 is a pull down resistor to assist with more deterministic function. The relationship between R1, R2 and Q1 is complex and beyond the scope of this answer. Google will be your friend in this regard.

The functioning is simple - The 6V but small current output of the OR gate is sufficiently high to bias the transistor Q1, causing a higher current to flow through it. The ratio of this higher current to the input current is determined by the aforementioned relationship. This current needs to be enough to trigger the relay, but this should be easy to accomplish. From there, you simply run whatever voltage you want through the contacts and make sure the relay can handle it. The diode D1 is necessary to protect Q1 from flyback currents generated by the relay when it is deactivated.

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks for your answer. for your question regarding logic gate:- all inputs are not connecting with same 6v supply, actually i want to make a circuit where i am able to get one output if any one of 4 input give me any signal (6v dc). Like multiplexer. \$\endgroup\$ Aug 18, 2014 at 4:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ In that case something along the lines of the above should be what you want. \$\endgroup\$
    – Jared
    Aug 18, 2014 at 4:50

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