I think your question is about
IR Diode Forward Current and
IR Diode Reverse Voltage. Notice
The forward current is the current that makes the LED emit (IR) light and is the maximum current you want to drive it at in normal operation. The voltage across the LED will be in the order of 1.5V. You don't have to drive the LED at 20mA, it is perfectly fine to drive it at a lower current and increase its life time.
The reverse voltage is the maximum voltage you can apply to the LED in reverse. When applying a negative voltage to the LED it won't light, nothing will happen. However if you apply too much voltage to the LED, again in reverse, the LED will eventually break down. This happens > 5V. Once that happens the LED may be dead.
The difference between
Photo Transistor Collector-emitter Voltage and
Photo Transistor Emitter-collector Voltage is similar.
When you correctly polarize the transistor, you can safely apply 30V to it. It'll work fine with a lower voltage than that, but it'll break down with a higher voltage.
However if you get polarization of the transistor wrong, you accidentally swapped collector and emitter, then the the transistor can only handle 5V before breaking down. The IR-performance of the transistor will be very poor too. Breaking down usually means releasing the blue magic smoke.
Notice that it is trivial to identify the LED with a multimeter, including identification of its anode and cathode. But identifying collector and emitter is more of a challenge. Probably the only way is to carefully try if the device works in a safe circuit (low voltage across the transistor and a high collector series resistor). The sensor will work best in only one configuration. It may help to find similar devices that have a datasheet and look at the pin out of these devices, then verify if this device is similar.
Bottom line: Finding an alternative device that has a proper datasheet is a much wiser way to go.
Product Name Slotted Optical Switch
Output Type Photo Transistor
Peak Emission Wavelength 940nm
IR Diode Forward Current 50mA
IR Diode Reverse Voltage 5V
Transistor Power Dissipation 75mW
Transistor Collector Current 20mA
Photo Transistor Collector-emitter Voltage 30V
Photo Transistor Emitter-collector Voltage 5V
Diode Power Dissipation 100mW
Operating Temperature Range -55~100 Celsius Degree
Number of Pins 4
Slot Width 8mm/5/16''
Slot Depth 10mm/0.39''
Pin Length 9mm/0.35''
Pitch 12mm/0.47'', 2.5mm/0.1''
Hole Dia. 3mm/0.12''
Total Size 25 x 24 x 6mm/1'' x 1'' x 0.2''(L*W*H)
Material Plastic, Metal
Net Weight 10g
Package Content 10 x Slotted Optical Switch w Bracket
Features a built-in bracket for easy mounting.
Consisted of an infrared emitter and a phototransistor, is located face-to-face on the optical axes in a leaded package.
During operation, output phototransistor switch from ON state to OFF state when object is inserted into gap between emitter and sensor.
Used for object detection and automatic counting, such as printer, scanner, copy machine, facsimile machine and vending machine, etc.