I'm working with an STM32F303 microcontroller configured in slave mode running at 72 MHz, and I've come across some strange behavior that I'm trying to track the origin of. The master first sends across ~40 bytes and clocks them at ~300 KHz. After a 6 ms pause, the master then starts to transmit ~20 bytes at 5 MHz and repeats this behavior indefinitely. Since I have a logic analyzer, I've been using it in conjunction with some debug GPIO pins to find out approximately when the SPI ISR is firing.
During the first set of bytes, the Receive Buffer Not Empty (RXNE) interrupt takes ~0.52 us to trigger after the last bit of the first byte has been clocked in. I would expect that I would see similar behavior for the other set of bytes, but instead, it takes 1.3 us to trigger for the faster clocked bytes.
This is a problem for me, because by the time the 1.3 us has passed, the second byte has already been clocked in when I should have had data ready for it to clock out with it. I've checked my code and it doesn't seem like any other interrupt is firing, and I've also given my SPI handler the highest priority, so it shouldn't be preempted by any other ISR to begin with. I'm positive that speed isn't an issue, because even though the SPI peripheral I'm using is actually clocked at 36 MHz, it should be plenty fast to address a master clocking in bytes at 5 MHz.
My only guess is that it's something hardware related with the STM32? Has anyone seen behavior like this, and or do they know the origin of this? Also any possible workarounds?