1
\$\begingroup\$

I need to control 10 12VDC motors at ~25Amps, so I decided to make my own mosfet H bridges to control it ( with 2 n chan et 2 p chan ). I will need 10 H-Bridge, so 40 Mosfets. ( 20 n chan and 20 p chan ) The mosfets which I'd like to buy:

These mosfets have 62.5 degrees per watt thermal resistance to ambient, and the N-channel one has 0.045 ohm maximum resistance drain to source. The p-channel has 0.07 ohm

So I will have 0.045*25*25 = ~28 watts for N-channel and 0.07*25*25 = ~43 watts for p-channel

43 * 62.5 is a very big value so I was asking myself if a heatsink would be enough to absorb this heat ?

I've found these heatsinks: http://www.ebay.com/itm/10pcs-IC-Aluminum-Heat-Sink-With-Needle-fit-for-TO-220-Mosfet-Transistors-HM-/181411561757

I'm gonna have 40 of these, knowing that I will use 8 mosfets maximum at the same time ( 2 motors max at the same time ) if I put all of the 40 heatsinks in contact the 8 mosfets would be able to dissipate on the 40 heatsinks. ( which makes one very big heatsink )

I could also put 1 or 2 cooler fans.

would this be possible ?

\$\endgroup\$
1
  • \$\begingroup\$ I don't need to do PWM with it, I can keep at 100% all the time. But if it's possible I'd like to try PWM, is the rise of dissipation will be really important due to switching rate ? I'am going to change my mosfets to more powerful ones (under 10mOhm) like Mike suggested. \$\endgroup\$
    – thp9
    Nov 2, 2014 at 18:01

2 Answers 2

0
\$\begingroup\$

I would suggest using a beefier mosfet, like one of these for example: IRLB8748 or IRFB7546, these mosfets have very low Rds(on) of under 10mOhm.

I would also suggest using only N channel mosfets, this makes driving the high side harder but N channel mosfets have lower Rds(on).

With a 10mOhm mosfet you dissipate 6.25W at 25A, which is easy with a proper heatsink and there's no need for active cooling (a fan).

The heatsink you've linked on ebay doesn't specify it's thermal resistance so it may or may not be enough.

\$\endgroup\$
0
\$\begingroup\$

If my numbers are right, you need a heatsink with a thermal resistance of 1.49C/W.

These numbers were pulled from the FQP30N06L datasheet in the link you provided.

$$ P_d = 28W $$ $$ \theta_{jc} = 1.90C/W $$

$$ T_{amb} = 30 $$

Assuming a junction temperature of 125C and using those numbers the required thermal resistance is 1.49C/W or better (lower is better).

To get an idea of what kind of heatsinks you should looking at, have a look at these I found from digikey. Compare their size, and the number of fins with your ebay page. It should give you a rough idea how well they will be.

If you have forced air flow, then the required heatsink size decreases so you can get away with a smaller heatsink IF you have good air flow.

\$\endgroup\$
2
  • \$\begingroup\$ Note that picking a better mosfet would be more cost effective and would take less space. \$\endgroup\$
    – Mike
    Nov 2, 2014 at 11:48
  • \$\begingroup\$ I agree with you \$\endgroup\$
    – efox29
    Nov 2, 2014 at 21:43

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.