Please take a moment to checkout the simple circuit below:
As you can see, this is a simple circuit consisting of three LEDs in series driven by one 6 volt DC power supply. The LEDs are white LEDs with a forward voltage drop or around 2.6 volts according to my multimeter.
Based on my measurements (using the 6 Volts power supply) there is no current flowing through the circuit at this point and the voltage drop for each of the LEDs is as follows:
Ok, now that we have laid out the facts, I was hoping someone could help me out with the following questions.
First question: Why is there a voltage drop between the LEDs? I am asking this because it was my understanding that an LED (diode) that is not conducting current (forward voltage has not been reached) is like having an open connection. Basically, it was my understanding that the circuit shown above is equivalent to the following circuit:
And if that is the case, the voltage drop between all the open connection should be zero right? So why is there a voltage drop between the LEDs? What am I missing?
Second question: Why do the voltages between all the LEDs not add up to 6 volts? If I add the LED voltages the result comes up to 4.951 total dropped voltage. This is more than one whole volt missing here. Where did that volt go?