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The L805CV voltage regulator is capable of producing a consistent 5v 1.5A draw. I am creating a small raspberry pi case and have a 12v 3a power supply to accomplish the project. I am powering a 12v fan and a few other peripherals at 5v including the pi. I have 10uF capacitors for both inputs and outputs, however I ran into a problem fairly quickly. I researched very thoroughly that nearly any heat sink I looked at would overheat the device. Being in Texas you can assume a maximum ambient temperature of around 40*c. the heatsinks have a dissipation rate of 23*c/w and here's the datasheet for the regulator: https://www.sparkfun.com/datasheets/Components/LM7805.pdf.
Now that you have the information let me ask my question. I'm attempting to run the 12v supply into the 5v regulator at 1A. however this very quickly overshoots the allowed temperatures as this is 7 watts to dissipate. Would it be easier to get a 9v supply and just adjust the voltage upwards for the 12v fan or is there a way in order that 12v 1A can be pushed through this without overheating?
If I did choose to go with 9v what circuit would you recommend in order to bump up the voltage 3v for the fan? The fan is an Antec TriCool 120mm LED fan with a maximum current draw of 300mA at 12v. Thank you for your time.
This is not a repeat subject as I am doing low voltage conversions at a maximum of 7w whereas the other topic addresses 24v 2A down to 5v .1A. not only does this not address the fact that he is using a pathetic amount of current but it's obvious why it was overheating. this is asking for a solution it's not asking why it's happening. I'm simply asking how to fix it