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I am using atmega16, and i need to use ADC feature in my project. As i know that there is a formula to set flag register ADPS2, ADPS1, and ADPS0. Which is used for determine the division factor between the XTAL frequency and the input clock to the ADC. But i don't know, which one the best division factor i need. How to determine? Should i use division factor 2, 4, 8 or?

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As per the datasheet, the ADC must be used with a clock between 50 and 200kHz in order to get accurate results. Too fast and the S+H circuitry won't fully charge. Too slow and the S+H circuitry will discharge before the conversion is complete.

You must choose a prescaler that reduces the ADC clock from the clock control unit to this range. For instance, with a 8MHz system clock a factor of 64 will reduce the clock to 125kHz.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ It is just like that? Just set clock between 50kHz and 200 kHz for 10bits resolution? No more think i need to know sir? \$\endgroup\$ – Anti Mafia Mar 21 '15 at 16:23
  • \$\begingroup\$ You can set it faster at the cost of accuracy, but yes, that's all there is to it. \$\endgroup\$ – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Mar 21 '15 at 17:09

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