I'm building another (!) rather large WS2812B-based LED installation project and I'm now at a point where I'm suffering from what looks to be a power problem. The standard advice is to put a large capacitor (1000 µF, 6.3V or higher) across the power rails, as close as you can to the supply.
I bought a bunch of said capacitors (EEU-FC0J102) but omitted installing them when putting the whole thing together the first time because I didn't quite understand the datasheet of the Murata OKR T/10-W12 DC-DC converters I've installed to feed the strips. It has what I took to be dire warnings that "Excessive capacitance can make step load recovery sluggish or possibly introduce instability" and "Do not exceed the maximum rated output capacitance listed in the specifications" (which I take to mean those under "Maximum Capacitive Loading" earlier in the datasheet.)
SO... given all that I was going to try installing the capacitors I've got. Two questions:
- Are those capacitors an appropriate voltage spec? I've had a warning that 6.3V caps for a 5V system is not enough of a derating and I might pop them. Is this a serious risk?
- Are those capacitors an appropriate capacitance and "ESR" rating according to the Murata's datasheet—and if they're not, does it matter much? (This is a one-off project, I'm not going for UL listing or anything.)
With a bonus round: because of the physical constraints of my project (everything's stuffed into a narrow tube), I may need to mount these caps on short (~5cm) wire "tails". I get the impression this is a bad idea, but I may not have any choice. What are the ramifications of this?