If a capacitive touchscreen is hit by water drops, like rain, will it report a touch?
I'm trying to evaluate what is the most appropriate touchscreen solution to use in an outdoor kiosk.
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Capacitive sensors react to the polarization of a conductor or dielectric that touches (or is close enough to) its surface, so the size or connection to the water should be taken into account. An isolated drop might not affect it, while a stream of water will. I have a large trackpad for my computer, and an app that visualizes its input. I put a fairly large drop onto the trackpad, and it wasn't registered. When I touched the drop, it opened a path for the electric field into my body and that activated the sensor and registered, etc.
So what I'm saying is that drops of water on a touch surface won't affect it by themselves, though your results might vary depending on the implementation. Still, water on the surface might mess things up since it could make streams, or connect with someone's finger and cause jitter. Hope that helps.
Water drop on capacitive touchscreen is usually recognized as a touch. But, there are certain ways to avoid the fault output. Try to search with "digisensor" in YouTube.
Answer is simple and clear. If we have a high resolution capacitive sensor, then we can distinguish water from human finger touch. Generalized answer to avoid water drop is not easy because it is strongly dependent upon surrounding electrical pattern. (Precisely speaking, any electric field absoption).
I can confirm that the drool of my nine month old son also makes my Samsung Galaxy S go bananas. I seem to recall (might not be the case though) that when it has happened, the false touches seem to register further out on the display than i actually touched. Can be totally wrong there though. Also, if my memory serves me right, it never actually registered any touches when i didn't actually touched it, just that they registered wrong. Take my word with caution though. Next week when my son gets back from a trip, i can do some bug testing if you'd like ;)
Capacitive controllers can support water rejection though algorithms or sensing methodology. Generally each vendor has "secret sauce" to make it work but they expose a method to leverage that sauce. The ultimate challenge will be what volume of water do you want to allow to be present and still support touch operation. Resistive doesn't have this issue since the water does not have any interaction with their sensing method, BUT resistive has it's own challenges in the kiosk environment. Resistive is dependent on physical displacement of two layers to create a contact and therefore an electrical circuit which will wear out. Additionally depending on the type of resistive interface you may have to handle calibration and sensor drift. All solutions have their trade offs so make sure you weigh which is more important to you.