I'm a college student learning the basics of NFC loop antenna design.
As a starting point, I'm trying to design a PCB-based rectangular NFC loop operating at 13.56 MHz, matched to 50Ω.
(NFC "inductive" loop -->> matching network -->> SMA connector).
I plan to produce two antennas, and after fabrication, I'm planning to test these by making these two "touch" and see its reaction/performance through a Vector Network Analyzer I've read quite a number of application notes, and currently have some questions in mind. I hope someone can help me with these:
Can I make the the two antennas ("reader" and "tag") identical (same geometry, etc)? Or should I make the tag antenna smaller?
Since, I'll be using a VNA to examine its performance, I need to match the loop impedance to 50 Ohms. I'm currently planning to do it using discrete R and C components. Is there a better way to do it? (I mean, discrete and surface mount R and C are available in standard values, I'll be having a problem if my required R and C matching components have values far from standard.)
The loop has two "ends". One terminating inside the inner loop, and the other outside the outer loop. I need to connect both of these to the SMA, right? Does it matter which end connects to ground and which end connects to the signal?
I'm planning to use HFSS to simulate my design. Are there any specific reports/tests I should examine before implementing the design?
Can you recommend appnotes and articles that I can further read and study to help me with my goal? (URLs with a good discussion on Basic NFC loop design)
I hope someone could guide me. Thanks a lot!