# Voltage divider (phasor domain)

In the circuit below, I have to calculate $V_u$.

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

By applying the voltage divider between the series resistances below, I get $$V_u=V_e\frac{R}{R+R}-V_e\frac{R}{R+R}=0$$ However if I apply the voltage divider to the two elements above, I get $$V_u=V_e\frac{R}{R+\frac{1}{j\omega C}}-V_e\frac{\frac{1}{j\omega C}}{R+\frac{1}{j\omega C}}$$

The solution gives directly:

$$V_u=V_e\frac{R}{R+\frac{1}{j\omega C}}-V_e\frac{R}{R+R}$$

Why? How did it apply the formula?

• This is basically the same question as this one, except that this has an extra resistor instead of a capacitor. My answer explains the process for finding the differential voltage ($V_u$ in your case).
– Null
Commented May 26, 2015 at 16:55

The potential difference $V_u$ is the difference between the voltage drops across the two resistors in the two legs. Hench they have applied 2 voltage dividers to find the potentials across each of the resistors.
$$V_{R2}=V_e\times\frac{R}{R+\frac{1}{jwC}} = \text{potential across the resistor in the second leg}$$
$$V_{R1} = V_e \times \frac{R}{R+R}=\text{Potential across the resistor in the first leg}$$
$V_u$ is simply the difference between the potentials above.
In the method you have used you are mistaking what $V_u$ stands for and thats where you are going wrong.