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I've found a very good explanation on schmitt trigger circuit design here -What is a Schmitt Trigger and its application exactly?

But the design is done considering same reference voltage and the comparator biasing voltage v1. It means threshold voltages (high and low) will be varied along with the supply voltage. I want to achieve a constant threshold values to design a battery charge controller. For example Vth(H)=13.8v and Vth(L)=13.0v. How can I achieve this?

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Use a voltage regulator \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Jun 26 '15 at 8:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes, I did it. I used 5.1v zener diode. \$\endgroup\$ – user3717550 Jun 26 '15 at 11:59
  • \$\begingroup\$ No, use a voltage regulator. \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Jun 26 '15 at 12:26
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This might not be efficient, but works.

You can go for a voltage reference IC like this one. This can be used as supply voltage for your Schmitt trigger IC alone. You can scale down the threshold of 13.8 V and 13.0 V to 4.6 V and 4.3 V respectively (or any other values), using high value resistor divider at the input side of the Scmitt trigger(So that, it doesn't waste current there). The UTP and LTP are now referenced to an independent constant voltage reference from the IC. The inputs however will vary depending on battery voltage.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Pretty much the approach any circuit that needs to generate a constant output voltage takes, too - eg, power regulators. \$\endgroup\$ – Nick Johnson Jun 26 '15 at 9:29
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Nick Yes, i agree. A Buck regulator can be used(LDO wastes more power). i wanted to simplify. \$\endgroup\$ – User323693 Jun 26 '15 at 9:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ Using zener diode I made Vs and Vref both 5.1v. Using R1=10k, R2=1M and Rfb=220k I got threshold as 5v and 4.6v. While testing, higher threshold seems work but lower doesn't. While increasing Vin, output goes low at around 5v Vin, if I decrease the Vin a little, output goes high again. While decreasing, output shouldn't go high again if Vin doesn't go lower than 4.6v \$\endgroup\$ – user3717550 Jun 26 '15 at 12:09

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