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Suppose a Bluetooth module like the HC-05 is part of the PCB design. During production, how/when are the modules programmed? Is each programmed before or after assembly? If it happens after assembly, how are the pins accessed?

Thanks

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They either have programming points, which are basically just a small round point on the PCB, on which they push the pogo pins down and program it. pogo pins are like your normal header, but they have springs in them, which means you can press them down and they move with it.

Another way would be that they have a test rig on which they press the assembled PCB down. They use again the pogo pins, but instead of touching some points on the PCB, they touch the solder points (around the HC-05) and then program it. Here is one example from Adafruit.

But that may dont work always, like with the half holes from the HC-05. Then you would use these hooks.

Hooks from the LPRS eRic

You just slide the populated PCB in it and the hooks hold the PCB in place. But those may wear out after some time.

They can also pre-program the chips with test sockets. They place the bare IC in a socket, close it up and can program it with the broken out pins. Here's a picture of it:

enter image description here

but that is rather bad for manufacturing when you do the programming by hand, because when you program it before its soldered, you need to take it out of the reel and put it back in, instead of holding a little board for a few seconds and then ship the board.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ thx to Nick for editing. \$\endgroup\$ – Matze Strawberrymaker Jul 3 '15 at 6:26
  • \$\begingroup\$ Or instead of having the vendor preprogram it for you. \$\endgroup\$ – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Jul 3 '15 at 6:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ @IgnacioVazquez-Abrams totally forgot that one. Think STM would be a example, whose ARM Chips come pre-programmed with UART-Bootloader \$\endgroup\$ – Matze Strawberrymaker Jul 3 '15 at 6:48
  • \$\begingroup\$ For something like the HC-05, the solder points aren't actually round. Pogo pins wouldn't fit properly, right? \$\endgroup\$ – John M. Jul 3 '15 at 8:34
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    \$\begingroup\$ @JohnMunroe In that case you could use these hooks (from the eevblog,Mailbag 592). This is the development board for the LPRS eRic. It uses similar pads like the hc-05. Think i will add that to the answer \$\endgroup\$ – Matze Strawberrymaker Jul 3 '15 at 10:57

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