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I would like to sniff data on an SPI bus running at a clock rate of 6 MHz. I would like to use the Bus Pirate V4 for this task. The sniffing itself is supported up to 10 MHz, the problem is getting the data on a PC in real time.

The BP page for the USB connection (V4!) says:

Max speed is 12 Mbps, but a realistic limit is 1 Mbps.

Can I just set the UART speed to 6 Mbps in Windows/Linux?

I have used a 1 Mbit baudrate before, using a 5€ China UART<>USB converter without problems. Since the BP has the USB hardware built-in, I don't see why the realistic limit would be 1 Mbit/s...

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    \$\begingroup\$ somewhat related: superuser.com/a/488721 \$\endgroup\$ – jippie Jul 5 '15 at 14:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ Could be related to the system clock frequency and the errors for baud rates > 1 Megabaud \$\endgroup\$ – efox29 Jul 5 '15 at 14:48
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About the USB limit.

  • Data has to packeted into 'legal' packets according to the USB standard. This adds a couple of bytes to each of them, and lowers the speed.

  • In between, the packets have to received at the other end, checked, and confirmed with another packet, still lowering the speed.

  • The controller in the sniffer will be quite busy receiving the 'sniffed' info, and thus have less time available to attend to the USB port.

  • The USB line is also occupied with short polling packets.

That said, 1Mbps guess is probably just to be safe in all circumstances. However, I doubt that you will get to the 6Mbps (or MHz) of the SPI bus reliably.

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