In full-speed USB, the maximum packet size is 64 bytes.
In high-speed USB, the maximum packet size is 512 bytes.
Most USB/serial converters, including yours, use full speed.
However, if you are looking at the serial output, the USB packet size does not matter, because USB packets can be sent faster than the speed of the serial line, and are buffered.
For example, if the PC sends 100 bytes, it will use two packets, but what you are seeing at the other end, on the serial line, is again a continuous stream of 100 bytes.
Similarly, if you are sending data from an Arduino, you can buffer a new TX byte as soon as some previous byte is being sent, so the size of the TX buffer does not really matter. (However, a larger buffer size allows the pre-buffer more data, which allows continuous transmission even if the microcontroller must do something else for a longer time.)
PCs, most microcontrollers, and USB/serial converters are fast enough so that the only bottleneck is the speed of the serial line, so you will never see a gap in the data, regardless of how many bytes are transmitted.