I've done a lot of research but only found info about batteries in parallel, which says higher voltage will charge lower voltage, which is unwanted, and that their currents add up.
So how is it different in the case of solar panels? Basically I hooked up a 12V panel to my battery charger, but wouldn't charge, turns out current is almost zero. (Is that normal?) It was part of a package to charge batteries built into a light- and motion-sensitive LED light. Not sure what batteries are in that one, panel is probably low-amp on purpose so it doesn't overcharge as it's always connected. I have another one of the same panel, but not worried about that as the double of almost zero will still be almost zero. However I have 2 of the small 5V panels with a bit better current, so I figured, can I hook them to the 12V to add amp?
Basically my main question is, would the amps add up? Also, would it still result in 12V? Would there be a side-effect similar to stronger batteries charging weaker? There doesn't seem to be a battery inside the 12V panel itself, just a panel, not sure about the small ones, I guess there must be as they still supply voltage for a while even when covered from light, they are the emergency chargers. So would the 12V blow them up? Or any other side-effects that I need to know about?
And if it's doable, how do I connect them? Originally I thought weaving the 3 + wires into one, same for -, and treat them as the 2 poles. Then I saw a diagram, where the + is connected to the + of another battery, and from there with another wire on to load, same for -. Or are these two the same? Only asking, because did an experiment with an electronics experiment "toy", and unified the 2 cables into one, and I got half the individual currents instead of the double, or the same, so I was baffled, maybe using the multimeter wrong? Could do videos if necessary but I'm still only trying to understand the very basics. Not progressing well while being confused by contradictory experiences.
Back to the panels though, if my idea is no good, is there another way to use my 4 panels to operate the charger? Additional info: large panels supply 10V actual voltage, small ones do 5.5V. Not sure about exact currents. Also charger runs on 12V 600mA when on mains.
Thanks for help.