I an electronic engineer and renewable energy engineer specifically. I am working on designing a new turbine and needed some help with a much simpler idea I had.
A while back I was working with smaller 500 watt to 1000 watt wind turbines that generated low voltage (24/48 V) However I am working on a new design for a peak of 3.6 kw and I am currently using a chinese PWM controller for a steady 380v output. The alternator generates higher voltages but will require over speed of the generator. I'm looking to custom design a capacitor for a complete one piece regulator for this. I have some questions I could use some help on.
How do I determine the heat dissipation (in watts) of a capacitor I can't seem to find much information on this. Of course I have found tons of literature on how hot it can get and sometimes a max draw but it's rare. I would like to use a very large capacitor to stall the turbine above 380V (to prevent over speed) and to divert extra power to heat. This would be a rare need as the inverters i am using have a input range of 200 - 600v so it's rare that i need to reduce the voltage. It's more for the protection of the bearings. I've been looking at some Air Capacitors but generally those are very high voltage. I'm really needing a cap that is 380v - 480v and can clamp the turbine down when the winds are super high and prevent over speed. I can do this with some smaller capacitors but the heat builds up and they just can't handle it. I've tried some larger capacitors too but I'm just needing some help calculating maximum voltage clamping capabilities.