# Output of diode clamper circuit for a sinusoidal wave input

I have seen a common explanations of clamper circuit shows in figure and have doubt in that. Here is the two explanation:

1. As RC >> time period, the capacitor charges immediately within no time to Vm. In positive half cycle the diode is forward biased (short ckt) and so, the output voltage is zero. During negative half-cycle the diode is reverse biased (open ckt) and so, the output is (Vin - Vc), which in this case is (Vin - Vm). Hence, the output voltage appears as shown in figure.

Doubt: (i) If the capacitor charges immediately then it will supply a constant voltage of –Vm to diode which will keep it in reverse bias always. Which violates the output waveform shown.

(ii) However, if the capacitor charges to peak value of input i.e. at π/2 and then when the input voltage goes below peak value, diode becomes reverse biased and remains like that until input waveform goes above zero at 2π and diode becomes forward biased again. Even in this case the output voltage should remain zero from 0 to 2π. Where am I getting it wrong? Can someone give a point by point explaining when the diode will be forward biased and reverse biased and what will be the output voltage during that time. • Where did the pictures come from - they don't look very accurate. – Andy aka Sep 12 '15 at 9:22
• I made those pics. please correct them if they are wrong. – Ashok Sep 12 '15 at 10:21
• You are asking a question right? The question relates to not understanding some pictures that you drew, right? I'm pointing out that the pictures are inaccurate so.... what else is there to talk about or do. Maybe try finding a site that supposedly explains clamps and then tell what it is you are having problems with on these circuits. – Andy aka Sep 12 '15 at 10:29
• Sorry! I have corrected the picture. The explaination mentioned in circuit is given in some standard textbooks and websites. But I have a problem with that explaination which I have pointed out in question. – Ashok Sep 12 '15 at 11:52