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Here's a module with castellated pads attached to an eval board:

Module's castellated pads in eval board connector
(source: alicdn.com)

Looking closely at the wires interfacing with the castellated pads, they're clearly soldered to the eval board. However, they don't look like they're soldered to the module, but rather they're being pressed against the pads with the tension in the wire. It also looks like the free end of the loops are protruding down into a channel cut in the PCB.

Do these kind of connectors/metal loops have a name?

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Those are a kind of spring socket or spring header. They make proper, black plastic assemblies of these very much like the black 0.100" pin headers we all know (and probably either love or hate). Unfortunately, these are not generally available and are highly proprietary.

Digi, makers of the Xbee 802.15.4 mesh radio modules, is the only company to make these as far as I know. You can see them being used quite prominently on some of their developer boards: Digi Dev Board

Now, you can actually buy this part...Mouser even has them in stock.

Spring Socket from Digi

But they're $40. Probably because some poor bastard at Digi whose official position is 'proprietary connector fabricator and needle nose plier operations chief' manufactures them on demand. By hand.

Seriously, look at them. They are just right angle pin headers bent over. A solid flat surface and a pair of thumbs is all you need. Looking at any standard right angle header, they are long enough to reach all the way to be circuit board if you bend them down.

Now, the photo you're talking about is doing something a bit different, and slightly terrible. Those large inductors spring connectors are clearly just antennas loops of wire, or possibly spring steel wire, soldered at both ends in the correct through hole pitched pads. They look like a short waiting to happen, and I would guess that they could not tolerate a curious kitty or table bump transient.

If you're looking for a good way to make a castellated hole edge socket, I have always just picked a pin header pitch for my holes and carefully placed them on my breakout board such that they are 6-10 mils too close to fit the module. You'll need to size the holes to the pin headers so there is virtually no give, and take into account drill tolerances and the actual width of the pin, but this technique is very forgiving.

See, when 'inserting' the module, you can angle it slightly and get one edge below the pins, and the tilt gives you enough wiggle room to push it against the other pins. Then you just push down to your desired level of snugness. If you have pins on 3 sides, as long as there is no lateral give, it will work without issue as well. 4 sides works with some effort, but its generally kind of a pain.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Those Digi spring sockets are now "obsolete" and unavailable from either Digi-Key or Mouser. \$\endgroup\$ Jul 27, 2019 at 16:37
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Old thread, new solution: the pins are now available from here: https://lectronz.com/products/flexypin-pack-of-100. I've tried them out and it works very well down to 0.05" pitch.

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