I`m trying to create a basic delay circuit using a capacitor. I am using a momentary switch in series with a 220 Ohm resistor, a H332 100uf 25V rated capacitor and an LED, all connected to a PP3 8.4V 200mAh battery. I've tested all of my components, with the exception of the capacitor, which I tried substituting for another, which also didn't work.
I am sometimes observing small, short, dim bursts of light from the LED when I`m messing with the power supply, but otherwise the LED remains unlit, even after I have been holding the switch closed for several minutes. My understanding is that the LED should be unlit whilst the capacitor charges, then constantly lit once the capacitor has charged up and then should the power supply be interrupted by the opening of the switch the light should still shine for a short time before the capacitor runs out of charge. I could be completely flawed in my thinking - I'm a self-taught hobbyist and this is my first time using a capacitor to create delays.
Am I wiring the capacitor up wrong? Is that an unsuitable rating of capacitor for a short delay? Am I just expecting the wrong result? If the capacitor rating is the problem can you recommend a more suitable rating for a delay of roughly a second? I`m just using what I have on hand for the while, but I've got an order of assorted capacitors that should be arriving soon.