I am working on the prototype of a circuit that does some data acquisition and preprocessing on an FPGA (Mojo Board). After preprocessing I quickly need to get the data to the PC. For that I want use an FT2232H mini module in the synchronous FIFO mode. The Mojo board and the FT2232H board are currently connected together using short wires of a ribbon cable of about 2 - 3 cm length. My problem is, that once the FT2232H is put into FIFO mode it generates a lot of noise in the ground. This noise is exactly at the 60 Mhz frequency of the CLKOUT signal of the FT2232.
Between different points of the ground plane of the FT2232H board I measure oscillations at t up to 500 mV peak to peak and between the Mojo board ground and the FT2232H board I see in excess of 1 V. The weird thing is that I also see this 1V or larger oscillation across the short grounding wire (3 cm) that connects the FT2232H board to the FPGA board.
The oscillations are also found on all the control signals ( TXE, RXF, RD, WR) and lead errors in the connection leading to a large percentage (>20%) of bytes being lost. How can I reduce the ground noise to acceptable levels?
So fare I have tried:
- adding a capacitor (100 nF ceramic multilayer) in the FT2232H board between 3V3 volt and GND: no change
- directly soldering the grounding wire to the board on both ends:
- setting different levels of termination on the FPGA side using in_term = unbalanced_split_75, unbalanced_split_50, unbalanced_split_25 as well as pulldown in the ucf file for the FPGA. This seems to improve the amount of lost bytes significantly but does not change the height of the oscillations on my ground plane.
- adjusting the output power of the FT2232H using the FTDI software: lowest power seems to be best for getting bytes through.
In the end I still loose >10% of my bytes and still have > 1Vpp noise in my ground plane. What am I overlooking?
edit: The problem does not happen when the system is just connected to the PC via USB but only when the synchronous FIFO mode is started. All measurements I did were taken with an oscilloscope probe with a short (~5 cm) grounding clamp and a decent scope at either AC1MOhm or DC1MOhm coupling.
I found two sources on the web that also deal with similar problems with the same chip but their solutions do not seem to work for me. I can't post the links because of too little reputation.