# Coil design for induction cooking system

I am designing an induction heating circuit using a half bridge, series resonant circuit. Wildly simplified schematic follows (will use IGBTs instead of MOSFETs for the final design, but they were not available in the schematic editor): simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

L1 will be the induction heating coil, using a spiral geometry similar to this: The basic theory is explained in lots of materials around the web such as this old ST application note.

Given a value for L1, and a desired switching frequency $f$ (say 20-30 kHz), one can calculate a value for C using $$f = \frac{1}{2 \pi \sqrt{L_1 C}}$$

From there we can take $C_2 = C_3 = C/2$. The actual switching frequency should be safely above resonance so as to ensure the circuit works in the inductive area.

Of course, all of this assumes that a value of $L_1$ is given, and this is the part where I am stuck. I've been searching the internet as well as academic papers, but so far I haven't found a design procedure detailing how to select $L_1$ so as to achieve the desired heating power.

In principle I could just build an inductor of the desired physical size (say 20 cm of diameter), measure it with an LCR meter, and then select $C_2$ and $C_3$ according to the procedure above. However, say I build this circuit and it doesn't achieve the desired heating power; then what should I do next? Increase the physical size of the inductor? Increase/decrease inductance (with a corresponding adjustment in the capacitor to maintain the switching frequency constant)?

In summary: how should I go about actually designing/engineering the induction heating coil, rather than just applying blind trial and error?

• L depends on the coil as well as on the pod. I guess a cast iron pan results in a higher L than a aluminum pan with some stainless steel in the bottom. Oct 2, 2015 at 8:14