Here I asked a question why to have the capacitors:
But now the problem of their proper setup arises i.e. how to include the excerpt at the bottom of the picture in the whole circuit? Also I have a fundamental question here. Isn't it so that when I connect capacitors in a parallel way I could simply use 1 equivalent capacitor with Ceq = C1 + C2 + C3? Thus in my case I would have only 1 capacitor with C = 10nF + 100nF + 4.7uF =~ 4.8 uF. Also why are 10nF and 4.7uF capacitors polarized and 100nF is not? I read that it's more of a technological requirement that larger capacitors ~1uF+ have to be polarized. Why then 10nF is polarized? Thanks.
The picture is from http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/DataSheets/ICs/DS_FT232R.pdf