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The motor is a A.O Smith Century 56-Frame Two-Speed motor. It runs on 240V single-phase. Here's the only reference I found (PDF), search for B2235.

If such a motor would be hooked to a 120V circuit, would it develop enough torque to start? Would the rotational speed be the same? I am also interested about the effect on capacitor(s) and centrifugal switch.

Edit: Edited to just put emphasis on the theorical aspects because I had a feeling the answers would tend toward how to actually get 240V to the motor.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Get a step up transformer and run it like it probably should be run. \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Oct 8 '15 at 14:38
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Testing the motor on your workbench at 120 volts should be as safe as your test setup. Ground the motor frame. Fasten it down so it doesn't roll off the bench when it starts. Be ready to switch it off if something goes wrong. The motor should produce about 1/4 of rated torque with 1/2 of rated voltage. If the bearings are ok and the switch is ok, it should accelerate to near rated speed and activate the centrifugal switch. Be ready to shut it off if the switch doesn't activate right away. You should monitor the current with an ammeter and be ready to shut the motor off if it doesn't drop to a low value quickly when starting. The starting inrush will be something like six times rated current.

If that all goes ok, you should monitor the current and be ready to shut it off the first time you try it at 240 volts.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Will the current draw be the same regardless of the voltage? I would have though ohm's law would make it half the rated current at 240V \$\endgroup\$ – erbi Oct 8 '15 at 15:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ The current for no-load operation at 120 volts will be about half of the no-load current for 240 volts. The inrush current will also be about half the normal inrush current, so my "6 times" estimate is too high. If you were to attempt to drive a normal load, the motor will not accelerate to full speed and the current will exceed rated current. \$\endgroup\$ – Charles Cowie Oct 8 '15 at 15:56

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