The motor is a A.O Smith Century 56-Frame Two-Speed motor. It runs on 240V single-phase. Here's the only reference I found (PDF), search for B2235.
If such a motor would be hooked to a 120V circuit, would it develop enough torque to start? Would the rotational speed be the same? I am also interested about the effect on capacitor(s) and centrifugal switch.
Edit: Edited to just put emphasis on the theorical aspects because I had a feeling the answers would tend toward how to actually get 240V to the motor.