shift registers are divided into serial to parallel and parallel to serial shift registers.
This is serial to parallel:
I think your teacher was teaching parallel to serials. The seria to parallel SR above looks like a demultiplexer in a way that they both have less input and much output. The difference is that in serial to parallel shift registers there is only one data input. In demultiplexers, 2 or more. You see, ifyou apply 2 input pins of a demultiplexer, you can have 2 over 2 output, you can set each output by 2 pins like 00, 01, 10, 11 and then apply the input data to the chosen output(one output at a time). But in serial to parallel SR, you have to aply input pins one by one, and then you can buffer them all in once.
And here is parallel to serial SR:
You will see the MUX between D flip flops. This MUX is 2:1 which means when you apply 0 to SET pin, the data in the pin 0, will be output otherwise data in the pin 1 will be the output. See the timing diagram which I draw perfectly(Not!):
when t=0, S pins of the MUXs will rise and each D's will pulled by their 1st pins(Pd, Pc, Pb, Pa) and while S is high clock of D flip flops will rise on t=1. Then S will be pulled down. So afterward, with each clock rise, Q's of the D flip flops will be passed to D's of next Flip flops. And since S pin of the Mux is pulled down, for further iterations, only given parallel inputs will be passed through the SO output. I hope this was helpful.
edit: I forget to give a reply to the main question. Not all the registers have multiplexers. But parallel to serial SR's have. Multiplexers are just digital blocks and widely used in digital systems. So, multiplexers are not avoided to use in register or in any digital block at all.