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In various articles I read that we can control a system using a PWM wave. In these articles it was noted that we can control the system by controlling the duty cycle of the wave. But I can't find anything to guide me in choosing the right frequency for a system (for example, a DC motor). I'd like to know what the parameters are for selecting a good PWM frequency for a motor or other typical system.

edit: Thank you @SunnyBoy for your good regard. But I need a more precise answer. I have this motor as you can see in follow: Motor datasheet can you tell me what should be my PWM frequency to best control of motor?

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    \$\begingroup\$ For a motor, the PWM frequency will determine the ripple current. You would probably start by picking some level of acceptable ripple current such as 10% or 5%. Then look at the inductance of the motor. Make a few reasonable assumptions and then calculate the ripple current amplitude compared to average current. \$\endgroup\$
    – mkeith
    Nov 2, 2015 at 19:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ Which motor from the table do you have? \$\endgroup\$ Nov 2, 2015 at 20:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ I thought this is no important in this issue. By the way I have 012CR. \$\endgroup\$ Nov 3, 2015 at 5:12

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There are a number of parameters:

1) Power level and voltage. Generally the higher the power level and voltage, the slower you can switch. This is limited by switching losses. MW class system switch at a few kHz. This is slowly changing now with wide band-gap devices such as silicon-carbide.

Low-voltage IGBTs and MOSFET (~ 1000 V) can switch around 20 kHz.

Low-voltage MOSFETs can switch in the 100 kHz range. GaN devices have no problem going to the MHz range.

2) Passive filter size. The faster you switch, the smaller the passive filters have to be. This applies to solar inverters/wind inverters/dc-dc converters. Motor drives are not required to switch that fast because the motor winding has large impedance anyway.

3) Dynamic performance. For motors, one needs to make sure that the torque (=current) can be controlled with reasonable dynamics. The faster the switching the faster the motor control and therefore better dynamic behavior. However, this results in higher switching losses, larger heatsinks, and larger cost. Typical motor winding current ripple is < 10% of the nominal current for most middle-performance motor drives so that should be the starting point for calculations.

It's really all about trade-offs.

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